Bernhard Paumgartner founded the ensemble in 1952 as the Camerata Academica des Mozarteums Salzburg, comprising his fellow teachers and students from the Mozarteum. He served as its director and de facto principal conductor until his death in 1971. Antonio Janigro became the new leader of the Camerata in 1974, the same year when the first abonement series of concerts were performed in Salzburg. Sándor Végh then served as principal conductor of the Camerata from 1978 until his death in 1997. Roger Norrington became principal conductor of the Camerata in 1997, and held the post until 2006. During his tenure, Norrington placed greater emphasis on historically informed performance practices. Leonidas Kavakos was principal guest artist of the Camerata from 2001 through 2006, and artistic director from 2007 until his resignation in July 2009, citing "instability in the orchestra's management". In June 2011, Louis Langrée was named the sixth principal conductor of the Camerata, effective September 2011, with an initial contract of 5 seasons.
- Europäischer Kulturpreis 1999 in the category "chamber orchestra"
Principal conductors and artistic directors
- Bernhard Paumgartner (1952–1971)
- Antonio Janigro (1974–1978)
- Sándor Végh (1978–1997)
- Roger Norrington (1997–2006)
- Leonidas Kavakos (2007–2009)
- Louis Langrée (2011–2016)
- Andrew Clements (2002-08-23). "Prom 43: Camerata Salzburg/Norrington". The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-07-09.
- Ivan Hewett (2008-06-05). "Leonidas Kavakos: 'Music is about devotion, and knowing when to be free'". Telegraph. Retrieved 2011-07-09.
- "Leonidas Kavakos announces his resignation as Artistic Director of the Camerata Salzburg" (Press release). Intermusica. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 2011-07-09.
- "Louis Langrée neuer Chefdirigent der Camerata Salzburg" (Press release). Camerata Salzburg. 11 June 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-08-20. Retrieved 2011-07-09.
- Anthony Holden (2005-04-03). "Spirit-raisers". The Observer. Retrieved 2011-07-09.
- Tim Ashley (2009-01-09). "Mozart: Works for Oboe and Orchestra; Leleux/Camerata Salzburg". The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-07-09.
- Andrew Clements (2009-08-07). "Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto in E minor; Piano Trios Opp 49 & 66". The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-07-09.