Camerino

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Camerino
Comune
Comune di Camerino
Camerino1.JPG
Coat of arms of Camerino
Coat of arms
Camerino is located in Italy
Camerino
Camerino
Location of Camerino in Italy
Coordinates: 43°8′25″N 13°4′8″E / 43.14028°N 13.06889°E / 43.14028; 13.06889Coordinates: 43°8′25″N 13°4′8″E / 43.14028°N 13.06889°E / 43.14028; 13.06889
Country Italy
Region Marche
Province / Metropolitan city Macerata (MC)
Frazioni see list
Government
 • Mayor Gianluca Pasqui
Area
 • Total 129 km2 (50 sq mi)
Elevation 670 m (2,200 ft)
Population (31 December 2010)[1]
 • Total 7,130
 • Density 55/km2 (140/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Camerinesi or Camerti
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 62032
Dialing code 0737
Patron saint St. Venantius
Saint day May 18
Website Official website

Camerino is a town in the province of Macerata, Marche, central-eastern Italy. It is located in the Apennines bordering Umbria, between the valleys of the rivers Potenza and Chienti, about 64 kilometres (40 mi) from Ancona.

Camerino is home to the University of Camerino, founded in the Middle Ages.

History[edit]

Camerino occupies the site of the ancient Camerinum, the inhabitants of which (Camertes Umbri or Umbrii-Camertii) became allies of the Romans in 310 BC or 309 BC (at the time of the attack on the Etruscans in the Ciminian Forest). On the other hand, the Katspriot referred to in the history of the year 295 BC are probably the inhabitants of Clusium. Later it appears as a dependent autonomous community with the foedus aequum, an 'equal' treaty with Rome (Mommsen, Römisches Staatsrecht, iii. 664).

Two cohorts of Camertes fought with distinction under Gaius Marius against the invading Germanic Cimbri. It was much affected by the conspiracy of Catiline, and is frequently mentioned in the Civil Wars; under the empire it was a municipium. It belonged to ancient Umbria, but was on the borders of Picenum.

Camerino was part of the Exarchate of Ravenna until 592, when it was captured by the Lombards. The city under the latter was the seat of a marquisate and then of a duchy which was sometimes under the suzerainty of Spoleto, and which was later conquered by the Franks. In the 10th to 11th centuries the city was under the Mainardi family. Boniface III of Tuscany occupied the duchy around 1050, and then ceded it to his daughter Matilda, who in turn donated it to the Papal States.

After the year 1000, however, Camerino turned itself into an independent commune. Initially Ghibelline, it later became a Guelph stronghold and suffered much under Emperor Frederick II on account of its loyalty to the pope; Manfred of Sicily's troops, led by Percivalle Doria, besieged and destroyed it (1256): much of the population was killed, but Camerino recovered under Gentile Da Varano, who was amongst the refugees that returned in 1262. Gentile formed a lasting fiefdom for his family which lasted three centuries.

In 1382, his descendant Giovanni Da Varano built a 12-kilometre (7.5 mi) long wall to defend the city, while a sumptuous Ducal Palace was built by Giulio Cesare in 1460. Giulio Cesare's daughter, Camilla Battista da Varano, was canonized a saint by Pope Benedict XVI in 2010. In 1336 the University was founded. The Da Varano were nearly extinguished by Cesare Borgia in 1502, and in 1545 the city fell under direct Papal administration.

In 1861, after Camerino become part of the unified Kingdom of Italy, the university was recognised by the new state. In 1958, the school became known as the University of Camerino, a public institution.

Panorama of Camerino in winter.
Rocca dei Borgia.

Geography[edit]

Frazioni[edit]

Agnano, Arcofiato, Arnano, Campolarzo, Canepina, Capolapiaggia, Casale, Caselle, Cignano, Colle Altino, Costa San Severo, Letegge, Leteggiole, Mecciano, Merganano Sant'Angelo, Mergnano San Pietro, Mergnano San Savino, Mistrano, Morro, Paganico, Palentuccio, Paterno, Perito, Pian d'Aiello, Pianpalente, Piegusciano, Polverina, Pontelatrave, Ponti, Pozzuolo, Rocca d'Aiello, Sabbieta Alta, San Luca, San Marcello, Santa Lucia, Sant'Erasmo, Sellano, Sentino, Selvazzano, Sfercia, Statte, Strada, Torrone, Tuseggia, Valdiea, Valle San Martino, Valle Vegenana, Varano.

Main sights[edit]

No ancient building is visible today, the Roman remains lying as much as one metre below ground level.

Principal sights include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Population data from Istat

External links[edit]