|Sir Cameron Nicholson|
Captain Tomeichi Okazaki surrenders his sword to Major General Nicholson in an official ceremony at Johor Bahru, Malaya.
|Born||30 June 1898|
|Died||7 July 1979(aged 81)|
|Years of service||1915–1956|
Middle East Land Forces (1953)|
Western Command (1951–53)
West Africa Command (1948–51)
2nd Division (1944–46)
5th Indian Infantry Division (1944)
21st Indian Infantry Division (1944)
44th Indian Armoured Division (1943–44)
42nd Support Group (1941–42)
127th (Manchester) Brigade (1941)
First World War|
Second World War
Mau Mau Uprising
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath|
Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Service Order & Bar
Military Cross & Bar
Mentioned in Despatches
Silver Star (United States)
Officer of the Legion of Merit (United States)
General Sir Cameron Gordon Graham Nicholson, GCB, KBE, DSO & Bar, MC & Bar (30 June 1898 – 7 July 1979) was a British Army officer who served as Adjutant-General to the Forces. He later served as Governor of the Royal Hospital Chelsea.
Nicholson served with the Royal Horse Artillery in France, India, Iraq, Palestine and Egypt from 1917 to 1927. He served as an Instructor at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich from 1927 to 1930, attended the Staff College, Camberley from 1931 to 1932 and then as an instructor at the Staff College from 1938 to 1939.
He served in the Second World War and was awarded Distinguished Service Order and Bar in 1940. He was appointed Commander of Support Group, 42 Armoured Division in 1941 and then second-in-command of 6 Armoured Division in 1942. In 1943 he became Brigadier General Staff for the 1st Army. In February 1943 Field Marshal Erwin Rommel launched an assault, known as the Battle of the Kasserine Pass, on units of the British First Army in Tunisia. Brigadier Cameron Nicholson proved an effective combat leader who kept his remaining forces steady under relentless German hammering. The stubborn resistance of the British Nickforce, led by Cameron Nicholson, enabled British Forces to hold the vital road leading into the Kasserine Pass against the heavy pressure of the German 10th Panzer Division, which was under Rommel's direct command.
In 1944 he became General Officer Commanding 44th Indian Armoured Division, a post he held until 1944. He then became successively GOC 21st Indian Infantry Division, GOC 2nd Division, GOC 5th Indian Infantry Division and then GOC 2nd Division again – all of which commands were held while fighting in Burma.
In 1946 he became Director of Artillery at the War Office and then in 1948 he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of West Africa Command. Then in 1951 he was made General Officer Commanding-in-Chief for Western Command. Then in 1953 he became Commander in Chief Middle East Land Forces. That same year he also made a visit to East Africa at which time units were engaged in the Mau Mau Uprising. He became Adjutant General later in 1953 and retired from the British Army in 1956.
He was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath in 1945, advanced to Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in 1953 and made Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath in 1954. He was also appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1943 and a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1950.
- Mead, Richard (2007). Churchill's Lions: a biographical guide to the key British generals of World War II. Stroud (UK): Spellmount. ISBN 978-1-86227-431-0.
- Smart, Nick (2005). Biographical Dictionary of British Generals of the Second World War. Barnesley: Pen & Sword. ISBN 1844150496.
- Who Was Who Volume V11 1971 to 1980 (1981)
- Murray, Brian J. Facing The Fox, America in World War II, (April 2006)
- At sea with 3/KAR Regimental Stories, 3 February 2008
- Kenya: Mow Them Down Time, 25 May 1953
- "No. 40917". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 November 1956. p. 6249.
- "No. 42366". The London Gazette (Supplement). 26 May 1961. p. 3987.
| GOC 2nd Infantry Division
| GOC West Africa Command
Sir Lashmer Whistler
Sir Frank Simpson
| GOC-in-C Western Command
Sir Charles Loewen
Sir Brian Robertson
| C-in-C Middle East Land Forces
Sir Charles Keightley
Sir John Crocker
| Adjutant General
Sir Charles Loewen
| Master Gunner,
St. James's Park
Sir Robert Mansergh
Sir Bernard Paget
| Governor, Royal Hospital Chelsea
Sir Frank Simpson