Cameron Winslow

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Cameron McRae Winslow
Admiral Cameron McRae Winslow.jpg
Born(1854-07-29)July 29, 1854
Washington, D.C., U.S.
DiedJanuary 2, 1932(1932-01-02) (aged 77)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service1874–1916, c. 1917–1919
RankUS-O10 insignia.svg Admiral
UnitUSS Nashville
Commands heldUSS Charleston
USS New Hampshire
U.S. Pacific Fleet
Battles/warsSpanish–American War
World War I
Spouse(s)Theodora Havemeyer
RelationsJohn A. Winslow (cousin)

Cameron McRae Winslow (July 29, 1854 – January 2, 1932) served in the United States Navy during the Spanish–American War and World War I. A son of Commander Francis Winslow (I) (1818–1862), (Cameron's father, who also fought in the Civil War, and died of yellow fever in 1862 while in command of USS R. R. Cuyler, was a first cousin of John A. Winslow.)

He was a first cousin once removed of Rear Admiral John A. Winslow, who served in the Civil War and is best known as the commanding officer of USS Kearsarge which defeated CSS Alabama.

Early life[edit]

Cameron McRae Winslow was born in Washington, D.C. He was the son of Francis Winslow (1819–1862) and Mary Sophia (née Nelson) Winslow (1828–1903). His older brother was Lieutenant Francis Winslow (II) USN; his younger brother, Arthur Winslow, was the grandfather of the Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Robert Lowell. He graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1874, after which followed years of extensive sea duty.

Winslow was the great great great grandson of Major General John Stark, a distinguished soldier from New Hampshire during the American Revolution. In 1915 he joined the New Hampshire Society of the Cincinnati with General Stark as his propositus.

Naval career[edit]

During the 1898 war with Spain, then Lieutenant Winslow served on board the gunboat Nashville. He was commended for extraordinary heroism when, on May 11, 1898, he commanded a boat expedition from Nashville and Marblehead which succeeded in cutting two submarine cables off Cienfuegos, Cuba, which linked Cuba with Europe. Despite enemy fire from point-blank range, which resulted in a bullet wound to his hand, Winslow retained command throughout the engagement. At that time, regulations did not allow Navy officers to receive the Medal of Honor. However, all the enlisted sailors involved in the cable cutting operation did receive the Medal of Honor.

Winslow commanded Charleston from 1905 to 1907 and battleship New Hampshire from 1908 to 1909. Winslow did not sail on the around-the-world cruise of the Great White Fleet. When the fleet returned to the US in 1909, Winslow and New Hampshire joined the fleet for its formal military review before President Roosevelt.

Promoted to rear admiral on September 14, 1911, Winslow was Commander in Chief, United States Pacific Fleet, from September 13, 1915 until July 29, 1916 when he was retired due to reaching the statutory age limit of 62. (While in command of the Pacific Fleet, he held four-star Admiral rank pursuant to a 1915 law that designated holders of certain commands to temporary 4-star rank; see List of United States Navy four-star admirals.)

Winslow was recalled to active duty in World War I with the rank of rear admiral. He served as Inspector of Naval Districts on the Atlantic coast until again retiring on November 11, 1919. While in this assignment, Winslow's flagship was USS Aloha, a private sailing yacht acquired by the Navy for use during the war.[1]

Retirement[edit]

Following the 1908 death of his oldest brother, Lt. Francis Winslow (II) USN, Rear Admiral Winslow became a member of the Society of the Cincinnati in the State of New Hampshire, representing his direct ancestor Major General John Stark. The admiral's younger brother, Arthur Winslow, also joined the Society, representing the General's oldest son, Major Caleb Stark.

Winslow was also a member of the Military Order of Foreign Wars and the Naval Order of the United States.

Personal life[edit]

He was married to Theodora Havemeyer (1878–1945), one of nine children born to sugar baron Theodore A. Havemeyer and Emilie (née de Loosey) Havemeyer. Theodora was the sister of Charles Frederick Havemeyer. Together, they were the parents of six children, three sons and three daughters, including:[1]

  • Cameron McRae Winslow, Jr. (1901–1981), who graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1924. Winslow, Jr. received the Navy Cross for heroism while in command of the armed guard on board the S.S. Chi Ping from March 12 to March 14, 1930, on the Yangtze River, near Ichang, China. While moving on the river, the vessel was taken under heavy fire on several occasions from Chinese soldiers. Winslow returned fire promptly so that in each instance the attack was repulsed and the vessel permitted to continue its voyage. During an attack on 14 March, Winslow was struck in the thigh by a rifle bullet. He did not give up command of his detachment but continued firing a machine gun. He served in the early years of World War II and was retired from the Navy for medical reasons on April 1, 1943 with the rank of lieutenant commander. In retirement he lived in Newport, Rhode Island.[2]
  • Theodora Marie Winslow (1903–2007), who married Auguste Louis Noel (1884–1964), a Beaux-Arts architect.[3] Their daughter, Carlotta Marie Noel, was married to Peter Van Courtlandt Morris (b. 1931), the son of Newbold Morris, president of the New York City Council.[3]
  • Arthur Winslow (1913–1987), who married Jean Douglas (1921–1951) in 1948.

Admiral Winslow died at his home, 205 Commonwealth Avenue in Boston, Massachusetts, on January 2, 1932.[1]

Legacy[edit]

The first two ships named USS Winslow honored his cousin, Rear Admiral John Ancrum Winslow, and USS Winslow (DD-359) honored Rear Admiral Cameron McRae Winslow as well.

Admiral Winslow's full dress uniform is on display at the Artillery Company of Newport armory and museum in Newport, Rhode Island.

Awards[edit]

Dates of rank[edit]

  • Midshipman – 29 September 1870
  • Passed Midshipman – 21 June 1875
  • Ensign – 18 July 1876
  • Master – 21 December 1881
  • Lieutenant, Junior Grade – 3 March 1883
  • Lieutenant – 1 July 1888
  • Lieutenant Commander – 3 March 1899
  • Commander – 11 October 1903
  • Captain – 28 January 1908
  • Rear Admiral – 14 September 1911
  • Admiral – 13 September 1915
  • Retired – 29 July 1916

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "ADMIRAL WINSLOW DIES AT AGE OF 77; Won Reputation for Bravery in War With Spain by Cutting Cables Under Fire. ON ACTIVE DUTY 46 YEARS Had Commanded Pacific Fleet -- Was Son of Man Who Destroyed the Alabama Off France". The New York Times. January 3, 1932. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  2. ^ http://valor.militarytimes.com/recipient.php?recipientid=19646
  3. ^ a b "AUGUSTE L. NOEL, ARCHITECT, DEAD; Designs Included Old and New Whitney Museums". The New York Times. March 15, 1964. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
  • "Winslow". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy. Retrieved 2007-05-30.
Military offices
Preceded by
Thomas B. Howard
Commander in Chief of the United States Pacific Fleet
29 July, 1916-30 April, 1919
Succeeded by
William B. Caperton

External links[edit]