Premiership of David Cameron
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
First Ministry and Term
Second Ministry and Term
The premiership of David Cameron began on 11 May 2010 when Cameron accepted the Queen's invitation to form a government. This occurred upon the resignation of Cameron's predecessor as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Gordon Brown. While serving as Prime Minister, Cameron also served as First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service and Leader of the Conservative Party.
After the 2010 general election, Cameron became Prime Minister at the head of a coalition government between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats, as no party had gained an overall majority in the House of Commons for the first time since the February 1974 general election. One of the first decisions he made as Prime Minister was the appointment of Nick Clegg, the leader of the Liberal Democrats; as Deputy Prime Minister. Between them, the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats controlled 363 seats in the House of Commons, with a majority of 76 seats.
Following the vote by the British electorate in favour to leave the European Union on 23 June, Cameron announced that he intended to step down as Prime Minister following the Conservative Party conference in the autumn of that year during a televised speech on the morning of 24 June 2016. Cameron, who had campaigned in favour of the UK remaining in a reformed EU, said that he had informed the Queen of his decision before going to the public. Speaking outside of 10 Downing Street, he remarked that "fresh leadership" needed to come in to deliver Brexit. He officially resigned as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on 13 July 2016, following the unopposed victory of Theresa May at the Conservative Party leadership election on 11 July.
- 1 First term (2010–2015)
- 1.1 Entering government
- 1.2 Cabinet appointments
- 1.3 Policies
- 1.4 Scandals
- 2 Second term (2015–2016)
- 3 Legacy
- 3.1 Domestic policy
- 3.2 Foreign policy
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 Further reading
- 7 External links
First term (2010–2015)
At the 2010 general election on 6 May, the Conservative Party achieved its highest number of seats since the 1992 election, returning 306 MPs. However, it was still 20 seats short of an overall majority, resulting in the nation's first hung parliament since February 1974. Talks between Cameron and Liberal Democrat leader Nick Clegg led to a coalition of the two parties, enabling the Queen to invite Cameron to form a government and become Prime Minister.
Cameron and his wife Samantha Cameron were driven from Buckingham Palace, arriving at Downing Street on 11 May. Cameron paid tribute to the outgoing Labour government and his predecessor Gordon Brown. He went on to describe the "difficult decisions" to reach "better times ahead". Cameron met with his party's MPs on 11 May, whose cheers of jubilation were heard from the central hall of the Commons. It is likely that he then explained the details of any coalition agreements made between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats.
Cameron made his first official visits as Prime Minister in May. He first visited Scotland and met with the First Minister Alex Salmond, followed by Wales to meet with the First Minister Carwyn Jones, and Northern Ireland to meet with the First Minister Peter Robinson. His first trip to a foreign country was on 20 May to France where he met with the French President Nicolas Sarkozy. He visited Germany on 21 May where he held talks with Chancellor Angela Merkel.
A press conference on the new cabinet took place on 12 May 2010. Soon after Cameron took office, it was confirmed that the Leader of the Liberal Democrats, Nick Clegg, would be appointed to the semi-official role of Deputy Prime Minister, while George Osborne would become the Chancellor of the Exchequer. Later it was confirmed that William Hague had assumed the post of Foreign Secretary and the new Home Secretary would be Theresa May. Cameron's cabinet included Clegg and four other Liberal Democrats: Danny Alexander, Vince Cable, Chris Huhne, and David Laws.
Economic issues and programme for austerity
The economy was a priority in the continuing wake of late-2000s financial crisis and the consequent increasing government debt when Cameron came into office, with the topic being of much concern in British public opinion. The government announced a policy, later called 'Plan A', of eliminating the structural deficit and ensuring that the debt-to-GDP ratio started falling by the end of the parliament in 2015. To facilitate this goal, the Office for Budget Responsibility and a government-wide spending review were created. While several government agencies have enacted spending decreases, funding policies for the National Health Service and for overseas development have been exempt.
In 2010, Behavioural Insights Team was set up to apply nudge theory (behavioural economics and psychology) to try to improve government policy and services as well as to save the UK government money.
In February 2013, the UK lost its AAA credit rating, the retention of which the government had indicated to be a priority when coming to power, for the first time since 1978. By 2015 the annual deficit had been cut by about half, (the initial target was to get it to zero), so the debt-to-GDP ratio was still rising.
Specifically, Cameron's first term in office, enacting changes from 2010 to 2014, involved about £100 billion of cuts in government expenditures. In terms of economic growth, the figures that came in were generally below expectations at first, but nationwide growth picked up to an annual rate of 3% by the end of 2014, indicating a mixed picture as many of the new job positions being created have featured relatively low wages. Cameron's administration has also pursued a policy of tax increases; however, the bulk of the deficit reduction that has occurred, more than 80% of the total, has been related to spending cuts.
Cameron's government introduced a law to prevent raising Income Tax, National Insurance and VAT rates. Ameet Gill, aide to Cameron at the time claims this was "poorly thought out", done "on the hoof" and "probably the dumbest economic policy". Labour considered the policy unwise and claimed it would make ending the spending deficit harder. Conservatives claimed they were leaving people with more of their own money to spend.
Reforms to the National Health Service
The Health and Social Care Bill was the most deep-rooted and extensive reworking of the structure of the National Health Service ever undertaken. The bill had implications for all health organisations in the NHS, not least for NHS primary care trusts (PCTs) and Strategic Health Authorities (SHAs) which were by Clinical commissioning groups principally run by local GPs.
The bill was one of the government's most controversial proposals, and in April 2011 the government announced a "listening exercise" postponing further action on the bill. The controversy arose in part because the proposals were not discussed during the 2010 general election campaign and were not contained in the May 2010 Conservative–Liberal Democrat coalition agreement. Two months after the election, a white paper outlined what The Daily Telegraph called the "biggest revolution in the NHS since its foundation".
During the throes of the Arab Spring, for which he had voiced support, Cameron spent three days touring undemocratic Gulf states with eight of Britain's leading defence manufacturers. In response to the ensuing criticism, Cameron issued a three-point defence. Early in 2012, Cameron again visited the Middle East to "broaden and deepen" business ties with Saudi Arabia – Britain's leading arms export market – even after Amnesty International had several weeks earlier accused the Saudi government of unleashing a wave of repression against the repressed minority-Shia population in the east of the country, and even as Saudi troops added to the list of Shia protesters they had shot dead. The week before his Saudi visit, the Committees on Arms Export Controls published questions it had asked the Coalition regarding arms sales to Saudi Arabia, in particular querying why, when there was unrest in the country in 2011, licences for a range of equipment had not been revoked.
In 2014, after Israel's Operation Protective Edge, Cameron's government came under pressure to place an arms embargo on Israel. Vince Cable, whose department was ultimately responsible for such matters, issued a threat to suspend 12 export licences if violence escalated again. The threat was dismissed in Israel, and was described by one leading Israeli journalist as simply "an attempt at gesture politics to local voters".
NATO military intervention in Libya
Libya–United Kingdom relations soured in 2011 with the outbreak of the Libyan Civil War. Cameron condemned the "appalling and unacceptable" violence used against anti-Gaddafi protesters. After weeks of lobbying by the UK and its allies, on 17 March 2011 the United Nations Security Council approved a no-fly zone to prevent government forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi from carrying out air attacks on anti-Gaddafi rebels. Two days later the UK and the United States fired more than 110 Tomahawk missiles at targets in Libya.
Cameron has said he is "proud" of the role United Kingdom played in the overthrow of Gaddafi's government. Cameron also stated that UK had played a "very important role", adding that "a lot of people said that Tripoli was completely different to Benghazi and that the two don't get on—they were wrong. ... People who said 'this is all going to be an enormous swamp of Islamists and extremists'—they were wrong."
In March 2016, with two main rival factions based in Tripoli and Benghazi continuing to fight, an Independent editorial noted that "there can be no question that Libya is broken. There are three nominal governments, none of which holds much authority. The economy is flatlining. Refugees flood to the Mediterranean. And Isis has put down roots in Sirte and, increasingly, Tripoli." It was at this time that US President Barack Obama accused Cameron of allowing Libya to sink into a "mess", though in private the American leader bluntly describes post-intervention Libya as a "shit show".
In 2015 through 2016 the Foreign Affairs Select Committee conducted an extensive and highly critical inquiry into the British involvement in the civil war. It concluded that the early threat to civilians had been overstated and that the significant Islamist element in the rebel forces had not been recognised, due to an intelligence failure. By summer 2011 the initial limited intervention to protect Libyan civilians had become a policy of regime change. However that new policy did not include proper support and for a new government, leading to a political and economic collapse in Libya and the growth of ISIL in North Africa. It concluded that Cameron was ultimately responsible for this British policy failure.
Syria and the Middle East
The government was critical of Bashar al-Assad's government in the 2011 Syrian uprisings stating it had "forfeited the right to lead" by "miring itself in the blood of innocent people", and backed the rebels. On 24 February 2012, the government recognised the Syrian National Council as a "legitimate representative" of the country. On 20 November 2012, the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces was recognised as the "sole legitimate representative" of the Syrian people, and a credible alternative to the Syrian government.
On 21 August 2013, immediately following a chemical-weapons attack at Ghouta, Cameron urged U.S. President Barack Obama to respond with a military intervention. However a motion to participate in military strikes against the Syrian government was defeated in parliament on 29 August 2013. This was the first time that a British government was blocked from taking a military action by parliament. After the vote Cameron said that he "strongly [believed] in the need for a tough response to the use of chemical weapons but I also believe in respecting the will of this House of Commons ... It is clear to me that the British Parliament, reflecting the views of the British people, does not want to see British military action. I get that and the Government will act accordingly".
Ultimately a negotiated agreement was reached to eliminate Syria's chemical weapons.
Referendum on Scottish independence
This article needs to be updated.June 2015)(
A victory by the Scottish National Party in the 2011 Scottish general election raised the prospect of the Scottish Government holding an independence referendum within the following five years. Though the constitution is reserved to Westminster, the SNP planned to get round that by holding a referendum to seek a mandate to negotiate for independence. In October 2012 Cameron said that the campaign to keep Scotland within the United Kingdom was a priority for the government.
Delayed payment of EU dues
In November 2014 Cameron stated that the UK would not pay its EU dues. George Osborne later claimed victory on the dispute, noting that the UK wouldn't have to pay additional interest on the payments, which would be delayed until after Britain's 7 May 2015 general election.
After the 2010 general election, the new Conservative-led Coalition continued Labour's policies on rail transport largely unaltered after a pause to review the finances, keeping the privatised system in place. There was continuing support for the High Speed 2 scheme and further developing plans for the route. Whilst initially showing scepticism towards the electrification of the Great Western route, they later gave the project its backing and work began formally in 2012. Crossrail and the upgrade to Thameslink are due for opening in 2018.
The Government has moved towards allowing more competition on the intercity network through open access operators. In 2015 it approved a service run by Alliance Rail to operate between London and Blackpool, and both Alliance and FirstGroup have applied to run open access services on the East Coast Main Line.
In January 2015, Cameron said "We've made sure that rail fares cannot go up by more than inflation. So the rail fare increase this year, as last year, is linked to inflation, and I think that's right. In previous years it's gone up by more than inflation. But, of course, what you're seeing on our railways is a £38bn investment project. And that money is coming, of course, from taxpayers, from the government, and from farepayers as well." He said Britain was seeing "the biggest investment in our roads since the 1970s, but in our railways since Victorian times".
The rapid growth in the use of food banks under David Cameron became one of the major criticisms of his administration, and a recurring theme at Prime Minister's Questions. Cameron praised volunteers providing donated food as "part of what I call the Big Society", to which Labour leader Ed Miliband responded that he "never thought the Big Society was about feeding hungry children in Britain".
In February 2014, 27 Anglican bishops together with leading Methodists and Quakers wrote an open letter to Cameron blaming government policy for a rise in the use of food banks. The letter asserted that "over half of people using food banks have been put in that situation by cutbacks to and failures in the benefit system, whether it be payment delays or punitive sanctions". The government responded that delays in benefit processing had been reduced, with the proportion of benefits paid on time rising from 88–89% under Labour, to 96–97% in 2014. Cameron said that the rise in food bank usage was due to the government encouraging Jobcentres and local authorities to promote them, and noted an OECD report which showed a fall in the proportion of people in Britain struggling to buy food.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (October 2016)
- In November 2011 Home Secretary Theresa May came under heavy criticism for presiding over a scheme weakening UK border controls, and allowing potential terrorists into the country unchecked. Some of the blame also fell on (now former) Head of the UK border force Brodie Clark, whom May claimed went beyond his remit.
- Lib Dem Business Secretary Vince Cable was removed from a quasi-judicial role in deciding whether BSkyB should be allowed to takeover control of Sky, after being accused of bias against News Corporation, the company which owns BSkyB.
News of the World phone hacking scandal
Cameron's close relationship with senior figures of News International came under increasing scrutiny as the controversy of the News of the World phone hacking scandal grew. A close friend of Rebekah Brooks, Cameron had also hired Andy Coulson as his communications director before Coulson was implicated in, and later arrested for his role in, the phone hacking. Cameron, who had spent his Christmas with Brooks, was accused by Ed Miliband of being "out of step with public opinion" and lacking leadership on the matter due to his "close relationships" with News International. The scandal was further aggravated by the announcement he had ridden Rebekah Brooks horse on loan from the Metropolitan Police, and the implicit involvement of Culture Secretary Jeremy Hunt, whom had been handed jurisdiction over Rupert Murdoch's BSkyB bid after Vince Cable's supposed expression of bias, in passing confidential information to the Murdoch empire regarding the bid's progress Right-leaning political commentator Peter Oborne argued that it was no longer possible to assert that Cameron was "grounded with a decent set of values" after a "succession of chronic personal misjudgements", equating the scandal with Tony Blair's decision to go to war in Iraq as a turning point in his premiership, and calling for him to distance himself from Brooks.
Second term (2015–2016)
Following the 2015 general election, Cameron remained Prime Minister, this time at the head of a Conservative-only government with a majority of 12 seats. Having gained seats from Labour and the Liberal Democrats, Cameron was able to form a government without a coalition partner, resulting in the first Conservative-only cabinet since 1997.
2015 Summer Budget
This section has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- A "National Living Wage" for those over 25, of £9/hour by 2020
- The tax-free personal allowance for Income Tax was raised to £11,000 from £10,600
- Defence spending was protected at 2% of GDP for the duration of the Parliament
- Welfare reform, including lowering the benefits cap to £20,000 for those outside London and limiting child tax credit to the first two children
- An increase in the inheritance tax threshold, meaning that a married couple will be able to pass on £1million tax-free
- A reduction in the amount individuals earning over £150,000 could pay into their pension tax-free
- An increase in free childcare from 15 hours/week to 30 hours/week for working families with 3 and 4 year olds
- An £800 increase in the amount of maintenance loan paid out to poorer students, paid for by replacing maintenance grants with loans
- Measures to introduce tax incentives for large corporations to create apprenticeships, aiming for 3 million new apprenticeships by 2020.
Syria and counter terrorism
In response to the November 2015 Paris attacks, Cameron secured the support of the House of Commons to extend air strikes against ISIS into Syria. Earlier that year, Cameron had outlined a five-year strategy to counter Islamist extremism and subversive teachings.
Criticism of use of statutory instruments
In January 2016, The Independent reported that there had been an increase of over 50% in the use of statutory instruments, used to pass legislation without Parliamentary scrutiny since 2010. Lord Jopling deplored the behaviour which he called an abuse whilst The Baroness Smith of Basildon asked whether it was the start of "constitutional Gerrymandering."
Referendum on the European Union
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (October 2016)
In his 2015 election manifesto, David Cameron pledged to hold a referendum on Britain's membership of the European Union sometime before 2017 at the latest. Following extensive negotiations between Cameron and other European leaders, the referendum took place on 23 June 2016. The British electorate voted by 52% to 48% in favour of leaving the European Union, an objective which had become known as Brexit.
On 24 June, a few hours after the results became known, Cameron announced that he would resign the office of Prime Minister by the start of the Conservative Party Conference in October 2016. In a farewell speech outside 10 Downing Street, he stated that, on account of his own advocacy on behalf of remaining in the EU, "I do not think it would be right for me to try to be the captain that steers our country to its next destination." His resignation came despite 82 MPs having signed a letter in favour of Cameron remaining Prime Minister before the referendum.
His resignation was originally not to be made official until October at the party conference, leaving Cameron in charge until then whilst a leadership election took place within the Conservative Party. However, following the withdrawal of the only remaining candidate, Andrea Leadsom, Theresa May was left unopposed, annulling the leadership contest. Cameron subsequently resigned with May's premiership taking effect Wednesday 13 July 2016.
David Cameron called the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016, which resulted in the UK voting to leave the European Union. In response, his successor as prime minister, Theresa May, has triggered the Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty, paving way for the UK to leave the European Union.
Policy shifts in the Conservative Party
As he became the leader, David Cameron promised a brand of "modern compassionate Conservatism" for the Conservative party.  He embarked on a "hug a husky" trip to highlight the impact of climate change and consistently underlined the NHS as his priority. Under Cameron, the selection panels were banned from asking would-be-MPs about their sexuality.
In government, Cameron introduced a number of policies which was traditionally opposed by the Conservative party, including:
- Legalizing same sex marriage in England and Wales via the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013;
- Enshrining into law a commitment to spend 0.7% of the GDP on overseas aid ;
- Introduced the National Living Wage.
The UK government deficit has decreased from £154.8bn in 2010 to £74.9bn in 2016.
Cameron's government introduced a "benefit cap", limiting the amount of benefits a working-age person can receive. The Under-occupancy penalty was also introduced which reduces the housing benefit paid to a public-housing tenant with rooms deemed to be "spare". On the other hand, the government's "triple lock" policy guarantees that the state pension would increase by the rate of inflation, average earning growth or 2.5%, whichever is the greatest.
In 2010, 95% of patients in the Accident and Emergency departments spent less than four hours waiting and be treated. Despite the government's official target being 95%, the figure dropped below 90% by 2016. The waiting time target was missed for every month from July 2015 until Cameron's resignation.
Cameron's government presided over the delivery of the 2012 Summer Olympics, the hosting right of which was won under the premiership of Tony Blair. The game brought over 3 million visitors to the UK. as well as the regeneration of east London.
Hillsborough Inquest and Bloody Sunday Inquiry
The Hillsborough Inquest and the Bloody Sunday Inquiry were both published during Cameron's administration. In both cases, Cameron made a full apology to the victims on behalf of the British Government.
Scottish referendum on independence
Following a Scottish National Party victory in the Scottish Parliament election, 2011, Cameron had agreed to a transfer of power facilitating the Scottish independence referendum, 2014. Cameron had advocated Scotland to remain as part of the United Kingdom, offering a package of further devolution of powers to the Scottish government.. Although Scotland did vote to remain as part of the UK, the Scottish National Party went on to win 56 out of the 59 Scottish seats in the United Kingdom general election, 2015. The independence question also returned after the UK voted to leave the EU, with the Scottish parliament voting to hold a second independence referendum between autumn 2018 and spring 2019, although the UK government did not .
Public outcry over Resignation Honours
In a controversial use of the honour system, Cameron included a large number of his political allies in the 2016 Prime Minister's Resignation Honours. The move has sparked calls for a reform on the honours system..
David Cameron was heavily involved in the 2011 military intervention in Libya. However, the handling of the intervention's aftermath was sharply criticized by the Foreign Affairs Committee inquiry into Libya. Barack Obama reportedly said that Cameron was "distracted" after the Libyan government under Gaddafi fell.
- Lyall, Sarah (25 June 2014). "Britain's Improbable New Leaders Promise Big Changes". The New York Times.
- "Election 2015 – Results". BBC News. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Brexit: David Cameron to quit after UK votes to leave EU". BBC News. 24 June 2016. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
- "Election 2010 results". BBC News. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2010.
- "David Cameron's Speech on the steps of 10 Downing St". BBC News. 11 May 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
- His speech is available on Wikiquote at his page.
- "Loud Cheers come from Committee Room during Tory MP Meeting". BBC TV News. BBC. 11 May 2010.
- "Guardian Live Blog detailing Plans to meet MP's at Commons". Guardian Live Election Blog. Guardian Newspaper. 11 May 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
- "Cameron calls for Scots 'respect'". BBC News. 14 May 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
- "Cameron defends staying out of euro as he meets Sarkozy". BBC News. 20 May 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
- "Cameron wants strong EU role but will not yield powers". BBC News. 21 May 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
- "David Cameron and Nick Clegg pledge 'united' coalition". BBC News. 12 May 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2010.
- "George Osborne to become Chancellor of the Exchequer". BBC News 24 Ticker. BBC. 11 May 2010.
- "William Hague to become Foreign Secretary". BBC News 24 Ticker. BBC. 11 May 2010.
- Nicholas Watt (21 November 2011). "David Cameron acknowledges problems with reducing national debt". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Emma Rowley (12 June 2011). "UK economy 'Plan A' – Is George Osborne on the right path?". The Sunday Telegraph. Retrieved 12 June 2011.
- Martin Wolf (10 June 2010). "A question for chancellor Osborne". Financial Times. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- Elliott, Larry (10 November 2014). "David Cameron warns of more cuts". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- "Behavioural Insights Team". www.gov.uk.
- "Inside the Coalition's controversial 'Nudge Unit'". Telegraph.co.uk. 11 February 2013.
- Benedictus, Leo (2 May 2013). "The nudge unit – has it worked so far?". the Guardian.
- "UK's credit rating cut humiliating, Labour says". BBC News. 23 February 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- Asa Bennett (26 March 2015). "National debt, the deficit and cuts: where does each party stand in General Election 2015?". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- "David Cameron income tax law promise 'made up on the hoof'". BBC News. 29 October 2016.
- "David Cameron's income tax law promise was 'made up on the hoof', adviser claims". The Independent. 29 October 2016.
- British Medical Journal, 2011; 342:d408, Dr Lansley’s Monster
- Andrew Porter (9 July 2010). "Biggest revolution in the NHS for 60 years". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Nicholas Watt; Robert Booth (21 February 2011). "David Cameron's Cairo visit overshadowed by defence tour". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- Nicholas Watt (22 February 2011). "David Cameron hits out at critics of Britain's arms trade". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- "David Cameron in talks with Saudi king". BBC News. 13 January 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- "Saudi Arabia rejects Amnesty repression claims". BBC News. 1 December 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- Bill Law (14 December 2011). "Saudi crackdown takes on sectarian character". BBC News. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- "Shia protester 'shot dead' in Saudi Arabia". BBC News. 13 January 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- Wintour, Patrick (6 August 2014). "Impose arms embargo on Israel, says Andrew Mitchell". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- Bennett, Asa (12 August 2014). "Vince Cable Condemned Over 'Very Weak' Threat To Suspend Arms Sales To Israel". The Huffington Post UK. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- Pfeffer, Anshel (13 August 2014). "Arms embargoes had little effect on Israel in the past". Haaretz. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- "Libya unrest: David Cameron condemns violence". BBC News. 21 February 2011. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- Judd, Terri (19 March 2011). "Operation Ellamy: Designed to strike from air and sea". The Independent. London. Retrieved 20 March 2011.
- "Libya: US, UK and France attack Gaddafi forces". BBC News. 20 March 2011. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- "David Cameron's Libya statement in full". BBC News. 5 September 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- Ministry of Defence (2 September 2011). "Britain should be proud of role in Libya". Gov.uk. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- Mulholland, Hélène (2 September 2011). "Libya intervention: British forces played key role, says Cameron". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- Bosalum, Feras; al-Warfalli, Ayman (27 July 2014). "More than 50 killed in Benghazi, Tripoli clashes". Reuters. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
Libya's Western allies worry the OPEC country is becoming polarized between the two main factions of competing militia brigades and their political allies...
- "Barack Obama is right to criticise David Cameron's handling of Libya – but the US should not get off the hook". The Independent. 11 March 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- Champion, Matthew (11 March 2016). "Obama Blames Cameron For Libya Becoming A 'Shitshow'". BuzzFeed. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- "MPs attack Cameron over Libya 'collapse'". BBC News. 14 September 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
- Patrick Wintour (14 September 2016). "MPs deliver damning verdict on Cameron's Libya intervention". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
- Libya: Examination of intervention and collapse and the UK's future policy options (PDF). Foreign Affairs Committee (House of Commons) (Report). UK Parliament. 6 September 2016. HC 119. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
- "UK boosts Syria opposition ties, William Hague reveals". BBC. 24 February 2012.
- "Syria conflict: UK recognises opposition, says William Hague". BBC. 20 November 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
- David Blair (8 September 2013). "Syria: Hague says lack of military action would be 'alarming'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
- Robert Winnett (29 August 2013). "Syria crisis: No to war, blow to Cameron". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
- "Key quotes: Syria debate". BBC. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- Severin Carrell (8 May 2011). "Scottish independence: Cameron gives green light to referendum". The Observer. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- Settle, Michael; Dinwoodie, Robbie (9 October 2012). "PM: Saving Union is my No 1 priority". The Herald. Glasgow. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
- Traynor, Ian; Syal, Rajeev (24 October 2014). "David Cameron refuses to pay £1.7bn EU bill by 1 December deadline". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
- CASERT, RAF (7 November 2014). "Britain Claims Victory in EU Bill Standoff". ABC News. Associated Press. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
- "London – Blackpool open access service approved".
- "ORR to decide on Alliance Rail open access application this summer".
- "David Cameron defends rail fare rises amid concerns over rip-off Britain".
- Nelson, Fraser (3 April 2015). "David Cameron should not be afraid to talk about food banks". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
- Gentleman, Amelia (4 July 2014). "Food bank Britain: can MPs agree on the causes of poverty in the UK?". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "Cameron rejects Miliband's attack over poverty". BBC. 19 December 2012. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
- Watt, Nicholas (20 February 2014). "Bishops blame David Cameron for food bank crisis". The Guardian (London).
- "Food bank use tiny compared with Germany, says minister". BBC News. 14 December 2014.
- "Cameron: Increase in food bank use all about better promotion and nothing to do with poverty". 24dash. 1 May 2014. Archived from the original on 28 March 2016. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
- "Theresa May plays blame game on UK border controls". The Week. Retrieved 19 August 2012.
- "Taking Vince Cable off the BSkyB case". Retrieved 19 August 2012.
- Singleton, David (8 July 2011). "News of the World Closure does not let Cameron off the Hook". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
- Watt, Nicholas; Sabbagh, Dan (20 January 2011). "David Cameron met Rebekah Brooks after Vince Cable lost BSkyB power". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 July 2011./
- Mulholland, Hélène (7 July 2011). "Miliband questions Cameron's 'close relationships' with News International". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
- "The BSkyB takeover emails". BBC. 25 April 2012.
- Oborne, Peter (6 July 2011). "David Cameron is in the sewer because of his News International friends". The Telegraph. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
- "Election results: Conservatives win majority". BBC News. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- correspondent, Nicholas Watt Chief political. "David Cameron unveils first Tory-only cabinet in 18 years". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "Election 2015: Who's Who in David Cameron's new cabinet". BBC News. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "Summer Budget 2015: key announcements".
- "Syria air strikes: MPs authorise UK action against Islamic State".
- "The four pillars of David Cameron's counter-extremism strategy". The Guardian. 20 July 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- Wright, Oliver; Morris, Nigel (18 January 2016). "Government accused of 'waging war' on Parliament by forcing through key law changes without debate". The Independent. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- "European Union Referendum Bill (HC Bill 2)". Parliament of the United Kingdom. 28 May 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
- Rowena Mason; Nicholas Watt; Ian Traynor; Jennifer Rankin (20 February 2016). "EU referendum to take place on 23 June, David Cameron confirms | Politics". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
- Erlanger, Steven (23 June 2016). "Britain Votes to Leave E.U., Stunning the World". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
- Goodman, Peter S. (23 June 2016). "Turbulence and Uncertainty for the Market After 'Brexit'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
- "EU referendum results live: Brexit wins as Britain votes to leave European Union". Retrieved 24 June 2016.
- "EU referendum: UK votes to leave in historic referendum – BBC News". Retrieved 24 June 2016.
- "Guardian Politics Weekly Soundcloud: Prime Minister David Cameron's statement on Brexit".
- "David Cameron resigns after UK votes to leave European Union". Guardian. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
- "David Cameron announces his resignation - full statement". Telegraph. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
- "David Cameron says being PM 'the greatest honour' in final Downing Street speech". BBC News. 13 July 2016. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
- "Brexit: Article 50 has been triggered - what now?". BBC News. 29 March 2017. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
- "Cameron chosen as new Tory leader". BBC News. 6 December 2005. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
- "Ten years after 'hug a husky', what is David Cameron's green legacy?". The Guardian. 20 April 2016. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
- "Analysing Cameron's 400,000 words". BBC News. 1 October 2008. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
- "Gays 'have a duty to vote Tory'". BBC News. 30 September 2008. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
- "Overseas aid bill enshrining 0.7% target to become law". BBC News. 10 March 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
- . The World Bank http://data.worldbank.org/country/united-kingdom. Retrieved 18 June 2017. Missing or empty
- . The Daily Telegraph https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/07/12/david-cameron-to-use-final-pmqs-for-last-ditch-attempt-at-legacy/. Retrieved 18 June 2017. Missing or empty
- . The Guardian https://www.theguardian.com/business/2014/jan/31/official-longest-fall-wages-living-standards-50-years. Retrieved 18 June 2017. Missing or empty
- . Citizens Advice https://www.citizensadvice.org.uk/benefits/the-benefit-cap/the-benefit-cap-what-you-need-to-know/. Retrieved 18 June 2017. Missing or empty
- . The Guardian https://www.theguardian.com/money/2017/apr/27/pensions-triple-lock-questions-answered. Retrieved 18 June 2017. Missing or empty
- http://www.qualitywatch.org.uk/indicator/ae-waiting-times. Retrieved 18 June 2017. Missing or empty
- https://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/economics/9601918/Tourist-spending-spree-at-London-2012-Olympics-boosts-UK-economy.html. Retrieved 18 June 2017. Missing or empty
- https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-merseyside-19543964. Retrieved 18 June 2017. Missing or empty
- "David Cameron, Ed Miliband and Nick Clegg sign joint historic promise which guarantees more devolved powers for Scotland and protection of NHS if we vote No". Daily Record. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- . Independent. 28 March 2017 https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/scottish-independence-referendum-indyref-2-nicola-sturgeon-vote-date-latest-a7654591.html. Retrieved 18 June 2017. Missing or empty
- "https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/08/04/david-camerons-full-honours-list-revealed/". The Daily Telegraph. 26 August 2016. External link in
|title=(help); Missing or empty
- https://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/foreign-affairs-committee/inquiries1/parliament-2015/libya-policy/. Retrieved 18 June 2017. Missing or empty
- https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/mar/10/david-cameron-distracted-libya-conflict-barack-obama. Retrieved 18 June 2017. Missing or empty
- Lee, Simon; Beech, Matt (2011). The Cameron-Clegg Government: Coalition Politics in an Age of Austerity. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0230296442.
- Heppell, Timothy; Seawright, David (2012). Cameron and the Conservatives: The Transition to Coalition Government. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0230314108.
- Hazell, Robert; Yong, Ben (2012). The Politics of Coalition: How the Conservative-Liberal Democrat Government Works. Hart Publishing. ISBN 978-1849463102.
- Jokela, Juha,
- Simon Jenkins David Cameron faces toughest hand of cards ever dealt a new prime minister The Guardian, 11 May 2010
- Tory-Lib Dem coalition: Now for the difficult part BBC News, 11 May 2010
- The coalition cabinet and ministerial appointments PoliticsHome, 12 May 2010
- Can Pakistan stomach Cameron's WikiLeaks remarks? Radio France Internationale, 5 August 2010
| Cameron Premiership