Cameroon climbing mouse

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Cameroon climbing mouse
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Nesomyidae
Genus: Dendromus
Species: D. oreas
Binomial name
Dendromus oreas
Osgood, 1936[2]

The Cameroon climbing mouse (Dendromus oreas) is a species of rodent in the family Nesomyidae which is endemic to the montane grasslands on three mountains in Cameroon.

Description[edit]

The Cameroon climbing mouse is a rather small species of mouse with a long tail and an indistinct black stripe along its back and a long tail. The fur on the dorsum is brown while the ventral fur varies from dark rufous to pale greyish-yellow. There are white or cream patches on the throat and on the chin, and on the anal fur. The ears are blackish with a fine covering of tawny hairs and with a pale spot at the base of each ear on the outer margin. The hindfoot has 5 digits with didit 5 having a claw and being opposable to the other digits.[3]

Distribution[edit]

It is found only in Cameroon where it is known from three mountains: Mount Cameroon from 1,700 to 4,000 m above sea level, Mount Manenguba between 1,800 to 1,900 m in altitude and Mount Kupe where it occurs around 850m.[1][3]

Habitat[edit]

Montane savannas above the tree line, among boulders on Mount Cameroon, in grassy scrub on Mount Manenguba and occurring in plantation and farmland on Mount Kupe. It avoids the montane forests at lower altitudes.[1]

Habits[edit]

The Cameroon climbing mouse is both diurnal and nocturnal and lives mostly on the ground, digging burrows into the soil despite being well adapted for climbing.[3]

Threats[edit]

The Cameroon climbing mouse is threatened by climate change which may lead to scrub and tree growth higher up the mountains in its restricted range and as the lower forests are cleared grazing livestock may move up to higher latitudes.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Dendromus oreas". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  2. ^ "Dendromus oreas Osgood, 1936". Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) (http://www.itis.gov). Retrieved 23 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c Jonathan Kingdon; David Happold; Thomas Butynski; Michael Hoffmann; Meredith Happold; Jan Kalina (2013). Mammals of Africa Volumes 1-6. A&C Black. pp. 182–183. ISBN 1408189968. 
  • Musser, G. G. and M. D. Carleton. 2005. Superfamily Muroidea. pp. 894–1531 in Mammal Species of the World a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
  • Schlitter, D. & Dieterlen, F. 2004. Dendromus oreas. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 9 July 2007.