Camilla Ravera

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Camilla Ravera
Camilla Ravera.png
Senator for Life
In office
8 January 1982 – 14 April 1988
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
8 May 1948 – 11 June 1958
Personal details
Born(1889-06-18)18 June 1889
Acqui Terme, Kingdom of Italy
Died14 April 1988(1988-04-14) (aged 98)
Rome, Italy
Political partyItalian Communist Party

Camilla Ravera (18 June 1889 – 14 April 1988) was an Italian politician and the first female lifetime senator.

Ravera participated in the founding of the Italian Communist Party in 1921.[1] She was General Secretary of the party from 1927 until 1930 following the arrest of Antonio Gramsci.

Ravera attended various congresses of Comintern, meeting both Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin in person. She was arrested in 1930 and was sentenced to 15 years. After her arrest, she was succeeded as General Secretary by Palmiro Togliatti. Along with Umberto Terracini, she was expelled from the Italian Communist Party for opposing the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in 1939 and was not allowed to rejoin until 1945.


  1. ^ "Camilla Ravera, 98, Italy Communist, Dies". The New York Times. April 16, 1988.