Early life and education
Stoltenberg attended Oslo Waldorf School and studied sociology and medicine at the University of Oslo, where she graduated with the cand.med. degree. She later obtained a research doctorate (dr.med.) at the same university. She has also studied medical anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley.
Stoltenberg began her career with an internship in the Helgeland region before working as a registrar at Rikshospitalet University Hospital, and later in casualty departments in both Aurskog-Høland and Oslo.
For her doctoral thesis, Stoltenberg studied infant death, social inequality and consanguineous marriage in immigrant groups. She was a visiting scholar at Columbia University before being employed at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health in 2001. Since 2002, Stoltenberg has held various posts at the institute; Director of the Epidemiology division, Assistant Director-General and now Director-General.
Stoltenberg has a crucial role in the National Health Registry Project. The project aims to modernise the health registries in Norway. Stoltenberg was also the leader of the national FUGE platform, Biobanks for Health, and is now co-chair of Biobank Norway, a national infrastructure for research biobanks. She has had core functions in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort (MoBa) study since 2001, and is leading the Norwegian part of the Autism Birth Cohort study. Her research focuses on causes and risk factors for autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders.
Jon Sudbø case
- Birth Defects and Parental Consanguinity in Norway
- Influence of Consanguinity and Maternal Education on Risk of Stillbirth and Infant Death in Norway, 1967–1993 
- National Health Registry Project
- From Biobanks for health to Biobank Norway
- Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study Archived December 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- Autism Birth Cohort Study