Camille (1921 film)

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Camille
Camille-newspapaerad1922.jpg
Newspaper ad from March 1922 in the Coconino Sun (Flagstaff, Arizona) in the Library of Congress
Directed by Ray C. Smallwood
Produced by Alla Nazimova
Written by June Mathis (scenario)
Based on La Dame aux Camélias 
by Alexandre Dumas, fils
Starring Alla Nazimova
Rudolph Valentino
Rex Cherryman
Arthur Hoyt
Patsy Ruth Miller
Production
company
Nazimova Productions
Distributed by Metro Pictures Corporation
Release dates
  • September 26, 1921 (1921-09-26)
Running time
70 minutes (contemporary edit)
Country United States
Language Silent film
English intertitles
Camille

Camille is a 1921 American silent film starring Alla Nazimova as Marguerite and Rudolph Valentino as her lover, Armand. It is based on the play adaptation La Dame aux Camélias (The Lady of the Camellias) by Alexandre Dumas, fils, which was first published in French as a novel in 1848 and as a play in 1852. Camille is one of numerous screen adaptations of Dumas, fils' story.[1][2] The film was set in 1920s Paris, whereas the original version took place in Paris in the 1840s. It had lavish Art Deco sets and Rudolph Valentino later married the art director, Natacha Rambova.

Plot[edit]

A young law student, Armand (Rudolph Valentino) becomes smitten with a courtesan, Marguerite (Alla Nazimova). Marguerite is constantly surrounded by suitors, whom she entertains at her lavish apartment. She also has consumption and is frequently beset by bouts of illness.

Armand sees Marguerite at the opera and, later, pursues her when he attends one of her private parties. She rejects his advances at first, but eventually returns his affection.

The two live happily together until Armand's father, seeking to protect his family's reputation, convinces Marguerite to end the relationship. She finally relents and runs away to a wealthy client, leaving a note for Armand.

When Armand finds the note he is shattered. The sorrow eventually turns to rage, and he decides to plunge into Parisian nightlife, associating himself with Olympe, another courtesan. When he sees Marguerite at a casino, he publicly denounces her.

Marguerite gives up her life as a courtesan and quickly finds herself in massive debt. Her illness also takes a heavy toll. Eventually, as she lies dying in bed, her furniture and belongings are repossessed. She persuades the men taking her belongings to allow her to keep her most precious possession: a book - Manon Lescaut - Armand gave to her.

Marguerite dies lying in bed in her apartment holding the book Armand gave her, wishing to sleep where she is happy dreaming about Armand. Marguerite's maid Nanine, and her newlywed friends Gaston and Nichette are at her bedside as she dies. The viewer is left to believe that Armand never found out about his father forcing Marguerite to leave him, and therefore never saw Marguerite again after the casino scene.

Cast[edit]

Alla Nazimova and Rudolph Valentino depicted in a lobby card for the film.

Reception[edit]

Picture-Play Magazine wrote of the film in their August 1921 issue: "The Camille and Armand of tradition are forgotten in the potent lure of the modern characterization of Nazimova and Rudolph Valentino. Bizarre, ephemeral, at moments, and at others, frenzied, their version promises a haunting succession of mesmeric pictures. It does not aim to present the Camille that successive generations have applauded and sniffled over. Because it is Nazimova's presentation of a story that has survived even the buffetings of endless productions—good, bad, and indifferent—it promises to be interesting."[3]

Preservation[edit]

The film has survived and has been made available to the public on DVD and VHS by various film distributors and independent dealers. It is presented as a bonus on the DVD copy of the 1936 version Camille with Greta Garbo.

References[edit]

  1. ^ AFI (n.d.), "Camille", The AFI Catalog of Feature Films, American Film Institute, retrieved 29 July 2016 
  2. ^ Silent Era (8 March 2011), "Progressive Silent Film List: Camille (1921)", SilentEra.com, retrieved 29 July 2016 
  3. ^ "Camille". Picture-Play Magazine. 14: 76. August 1921. Retrieved 18 August 2015. 

External links[edit]