Camille Erlanger (25 May 1863 – 24 April 1919) was a Parisian-born French opera composer. He studied at the Paris Conservatory under Léo Delibes (composition), Georges Mathias (piano), as well as Émile Durand and Antoine Taubon (harmony). In 1888 he won the  Prix de Rome for his cantata Velléda. His most famous opera, , was produced at the Le Juif polonais Opéra-Comique in 1900.
Erlanger died in Paris and was buried in the
Père Lachaise Cemetery. 
Velléda, scène lyrique (1888), given at the Concerts Colonne in 1889
La Légende de Saint-Julien l'Hospitalier, légende dramatique in three acts and seven tableaux, after the story by Gustave Flaubert, (1888)
Kermaria, drame lyrique in three acts, libretto by Pierre-Barthélemy Gheusi, Opéra-Comique 8 February 1897
Faublas, libretto by Pierre-Barthélemy Gheusi, 1897
, after a novel by Le Juif polonais Erckmann-Chatrian, Opéra-Comique, 11 April 1900
Le Fils de l'étoile, drame musical in five acts, libretto by Catulle Mendès, 20 April 1904, Palais Garnier
La Glu, drame lyrique after the novel by Jean Richepin
Aphrodite, drame musical in five acts and seven tableaux after the novel by Pierre Louÿs, adaptation by Louis de Gramont, 23 (or 27 ?) March 1906, Opéra-Comique
Bacchus triomphant, 11 September 1909, Bordeaux
L'Aube rouge, 29 December 1911, Rouen
Hannele Mattern, rêve lyrique in five acts (1911), libretto by Jean Thorel and Louis-Ferdinand de Gramont (1854–1912) after the drama Hanneles Himmelfahrt by Gerhart Hauptmann, 28 January 1950, Strasbourg (Opéra du Rhin)
La Sorcière, 18 December 1912, Paris
Le Barbier de Deauville, 1917
Forfaiture, 1921, Paris
^ Jacobshagen, Arnold: "Erlanger, Camille", in: Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart (MMG), biographical part, vol. 6 (Kassel: Bärenreiter, 2001; ISBN 3-7618-1116-0), cc. 437.
^ Bauer, Paul (2006). Mémoire et Documents, ed. Deux siècles d'histoire au Père Lachaise. p. 316. ISBN 978-2914611480.
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