Camino del Cid

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Camino del Cid.

The Way of El Cid is a cultural and tourist route that crosses Spain from the northwest to the southeast, from Castilla to the Mediterranean coast. It follows the history and the legend of Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, El Cid Campeador, a medieval knight of the 11th century and one of Spain’s greatest characters. El Cid is not only a literary character, also a historical figure.[1]

The main travel guide on the route is the Cantar de mio Cid, the great Hispanic medieval epic poem written at the end of the 12th century or beginning of the 13th.[2] It tells of the adventures of El Cid Campeador as from his exile, fighting to survive against Moors and Christians.

The route crosses eight Spanish provinces (Burgos, Soria, Guadalajara, Zaragoza, Teruel, Castellón, Valencia and Alicante) belonging to four Autonomous Communities (Castile and Leon, Castilla-La Mancha, Aragon and Valencian Community). Owing to its length (around 1400 kilometres of tracks and 2000 km of roads), the Way of El Cid is divided into interconnected thematic routes from 50 to 300 km approximately.

Origins of the Camino del Cid[edit]

Cantar de mio Cid f. 1r (rep)

The Camino del Cid is an itinerary inspired by El Cantar de mio Cid. In it, the author makes references to both history and fiction. The route taken by the historic Cid does not correspond exactly with that described in the poem. The author would have used available historical references added to his own knowledge of geography to draw a route traced mainly by Roman roads, trade routes, and historic paths. This network of paths, some of which still exist today, began to be traveled as itineraries of the Cid towards the end of the nineteenth century by Archer Milton Huntington, founder of the Hispanic Society of America, followed shortly thereafter by the search for traces of the Cid through the Castilian and Aragonese lands by the philologist Ramón Menéndez Pidal and his wife Maria Goyri.

With only a few exceptions, travellers will come across all the scenarios mentioned in the poem on this route. In some cases, some villages have been associated with the same place name, as is the case of El Robledal de Corpes. The location of this place, which is where the imaginary affront to El Cid's daughters occurs, has captured the attention of many academics.[3]

Places of interest[edit]

The Camino del Cid has a diversity of resources. There are monuments of medieval origin that are listed as World Heritage Sites: in Burgos, the Gothic cathedral and the Way of Saint James; Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon, a style of architecture of Islamic influence; in Valencia, the Water Tribunal of the Plain of Valencia and the Gothic Silk Market; in Algemesí (Valencia) the Festivity of La Mare de Déu de la Salut, and in Alicante, the Palmeral of Elche and the Mystery Play of Elche. In a dozen or so villages there are examples of the cave paintings of the Mediterranean Arch, declared a World Heritage Site in 1998.

The Way of El Cid has 39 villages declared Historical and/or Artistic Sites by the Spanish government such us Covarrubias (Burgos), Burgo de Osma (Soria), Sigüenza (Guadalajara), Calatayud, Ateca and Daroca (Zaragoza), Albarracín (Teruel), Morella (Castellón), Xàtiva (Valencia) and Elche and Orihuela (Alicante).

There are also other sites of interest. There are examples of Romanesque, Mozarabic, Mudejar, Islamic and Gothic art coexisting in harmony as well as valuable landscapes such as the fields of de Genèvrier in Arlanza (Burgos), the Parque natural del Alto Tajo (Guadalajara), the Laguna de Gallocanta (Zaragoza), the Sierra de Maestrazgo (Teruel and Castellón), the lake and Natural Park of the Albufera de Valencia or the Palmeral of Elche (Alicante).

Most of the Way of El Cid crosses areas that were borderland, not only during the Middle Ages. This has ensured the conservation of a good number of castles, lookout towers and military constructions built at strategic locations to defend or watch over mountain passes and valleys. Some of these buildings have been refurbished, while others are in ruins.

How to Travel The Way of el Cid[edit]

There are 4 ways of following the itinerary:

Hiking routes[edit]

The way for hikers.

The Way of El Cid for hikers covers a total length of 1497 km. It is divided into seven thematic routes joined together over a length of between 50 and 308 km. All the routes are signposted and most have been approved as long-distance hiking tracks (GR 160 – Way of El Cid). These routes follow mainly historical or traditional routes and country roads across a geography of plains, mountains, valleys, hills and coastline. The routes are taken by all hikers, and do not require any special technical skills beyond the basics needed for long-distance walking. The information sheets for the routes have guides, tracks, and accommodation options.

Routes for mountain biking[edit]

The Way of El Cid for mountain bikes, all-terrain bikes, cross country bikes and all mountain bikes is 1509 km long. It is separated into 7 signposted routes that are joined together, each of between 49 and 313 km. 29” hybrid or trekking bikes with knobs can also travel along this route. The MTB route follows 88% of the hiking route. The remaining 12% is covered along signposted MTB alternatives, created specifically so that cyclists can avoid some of the more difficult or technical hiking sections. These alternatives run along country or minor roads and, after overcoming the difficulties involved, they return to the hiking route. All the routes are signposted: the hiking routes have their own signs and the BTT alternatives have international MTB signs supervised by IMBA Spain.

Road cycling tourism routes[edit]

The Way of El Cid

The road cycling routes on the Way of El Cid (touring, trekking, hybrid and road bikes) cover a length of 2041 km. There are 10 routes of between 66 and 362 km long. The roads are mainly quiet minor roads with little or hardly any traffic. However, there are also some sections along regional and national roads and connections to dual carriageways: in general, but not always, these roads have a generous hard shoulder.

The cycling tourist routes are suitable to cyclists with all kinds of bikes: from road to all-terrain. The bikes best suited to these routes are the gravel´s and the touring bikes (also called trekking, or hybrid) owing to their versatility: In comparison with mountain bikes, touring and gravel bikes are faster, especially on flats and downhill sections. They are more comfortable than racing bikes when the road surface is in bad condition or wet, but they also let tourists change over to the mountain bike routes (MTB): many sections are very easy and comfortable for trekking bikes.

Routes by car or motorbike[edit]

The routes by road along the Way of El Cid cover 2021 km and cross a wide variety of lands. There are 11 routes of between 45 and 357 km each, joined together so that can combining.

Most of the roads are unique minor roads. Some of the routes represent a classic among long distance routes. Much of the route for vehicles is also the route for road bikes.

The Way of el Cid credential[edit]

The Letter of Safe Conduct is the credential that features the stamps of the various towns and villages travellers pass through. It is based on the document used during the Middle Ages to ensure that travellers and goods were allowed to travel freely and safely.

It is a memento of the experience travelling the Way of El Cid: the stamps are much sought-after. The collection was designed by Julián de Velasco. Also it It is a way of discovering the history of the towns and villages pass through The Way of el Cid: each stamp reminds of a historic or legendary event, or part of the local heritage.

The Letter of Safe Conduct entitles to discounts of around 10% at more than two hundred accommodation options on the Way of El Cid. In addition, can use the Letter of Safe Conduct to take advantage regular promotions and free gifts, including bracelets, badges, caps, bandolera scarves and T-shirts, etc. If collect four stamps from at least seven of the eight provinces the Way passes through, will receive the Way of El Cid certificate free of charge.

The Letter of Safe Conduct is free of charge, can be apply by mail or asking in person at any of the 81 Tourist Information Offices located along the Way of El Cid.

References[edit]

  1. ^ * Martínez Diez, Gonzalo. El Cid histórico. Planeta. p. 472. ISBN 84-08-03161-9.
  2. ^ * Montaner Frutos, Alberto. VIII Centenario del Cantar del Mío Cid. MCCVII-MMVII. Signe. p. 110. M-49936-2006.
  3. ^ Montaner Frutos, Alberto. "El Cid, legend and myth". Camino del Cid. Retrieved 1 May 2020.

External links[edit]