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Cammeraygal people
aka: Cam-mer-ray-gal, Camerray-ga, Camera-gal, Cammeraa, Cam-meray, Kemmirai-gal, Gamaraigal, Cameragal, Kem:arai, Kemmaraigal and Kameraigal (referring to a group) (AIATSIS), nd (SIL)[1][2]
IBRA 6.1 Sydney Basin.png
The traditional lands of the Cammeraygal people were located in the Sydney Basin bioregion
Swaines Creek Cave & Angophora.JPG
A cave known to shelter Cammeraygal people at Chatswood West
Language family: Pama–Nyungan
Language branch: Yuin–Kuric
Language group: Yora
Group dialects: Dharug (also called Eora)[2]
Bioregion: Sydney Basin
Location: Lower North Shore of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Coordinates: 33°50′S 151°12′E / 33.833°S 151.200°E / -33.833; 151.200Coordinates: 33°50′S 151°12′E / 33.833°S 151.200°E / -33.833; 151.200
Urban areas
Notable individuals

The Cammeraygal, variously spelled as Cam-mer-ray-gal, Gamaraigal, Kameraigal, Cameragal and several other variations,[1][2] are an indigenous Australian group of people that were united by a common language, strong ties of kinship and survived as skilled hunter–fisher–gatherers in family groups or clans that inhabited the Lower North Shore of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Norman Tindale notes the Cammeraygal as a clan of the Eora people,[3] who in turn formed part of the larger Kuringgai.

Traditional lands[edit]

The traditional lands of the Cammeraygal people are now contained within much of the North Sydney, Willoughby, Mosman, Manly and Warringah local government areas.[4][5][6] The Cammeraygal people lived in the area until the 1820s and are recorded as being in the northern parts of the Sydney region for approximately 5,800 years.[7]


The name Cammeraygal is ensigned on the North Sydney Municipal emblem. The North Sydney suburb of Cammeray and the Cammeraygal High School located in the North Sydney suburb of Greenwich are named after the Cammeraygal people. In 1999, the North Sydney Council erected a monument in honour of the Cammeraygal tribe who were the traditional owners of the North Sydney area.[8]

Notable Cammeraygal people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Dousset, Laurent (2005). "Eora". AusAnthrop Australian Aboriginal tribal database. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c "Language information: Eora". Australian Indigenous Languages Database. AIATSIS. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  3. ^ Tindale, Norman (2000). "Eora (NSW)". South Australian Museum. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "History". Cameragal Montessori School. 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  5. ^ "1790s". A history of Aboriginal Sydney. The University of Sydney. 11 July 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  6. ^ Walker, Frank (13 July 2008). "Ancient spirits lifted". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  7. ^ "History at Willoughby: Aboriginal people" (requires download). Willoughby City Library Services (PDF). City of Willoughby. January 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  8. ^ "The Cammeraygals". Monuments Australia. 1999. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  9. ^ Collins, David. "Appendix". An account of the English Colony in New South Wales (PDF) (PDF). Vol. 1. sub. V. ISBN 0-589-07168-8. 
  10. ^ "Barangaroo, a Cameragal woman of courage" (PDF). Annual Report. Sydney: Barangaroo Delivery Authority. 2011. p. 7. Retrieved 23 January 2012.