Camooweal

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Camooweal
Queensland
Post Office Hotel Camooweal.jpg
Post Office Hotel, Camooweal, 2011
Camooweal is located in Queensland
Camooweal
Camooweal
Coordinates 19°55′S 138°07′E / 19.917°S 138.117°E / -19.917; 138.117Coordinates: 19°55′S 138°07′E / 19.917°S 138.117°E / -19.917; 138.117
Population 187 (2011 census)[1]
Established 1884
Postcode(s) 4828
Elevation 231.2 m (759 ft)
Location
LGA(s) City of Mount Isa
State electorate(s) Mount Isa
Federal Division(s) Kennedy
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
32.9 °C
91 °F
17.7 °C
64 °F
399.4 mm
15.7 in
Localities around Camooweal:
Northern Territory Lawn Hill Gregory
Northern Territory Camooweal Gunpowder
Northern Territory Barkly Mount Isa

Camooweal is a small town and locality in the City of Mount Isa, Queensland, Australia.[2][3] At the 2011 census, Camooweal had a population of 187.[1]

Geography[edit]

Camooweal is in north-western Queensland, Australia, located 169 kilometres (105 mi) north-west of the city of Mount Isa and 12 km (7.5 mi) east of the Northern Territory border. The town lies on the Barkly Highway, and is adjacent to the Georgina River.

History[edit]

The area was originally inhabited by the Indjilandji Indigenous Australians.[4][5] The town is said to take its name from surveyor Mr GT Weale, who was apparently the first person to bring camels into the area,[6] although this has been questioned.[7]

William Landsborough in 1861 named the Barkly Tablelands after the Governor of Victoria, His Excellency, Sir Henry Barkly. The first settler to the area was John Sutherland, who took up the Rocklands lease in 1865. Stock losses to the local dingos and wedge-tailed eagles; lack of water and isolation soon forced him to abandon his lease. The Englishmen Benjamin Crosthwaite and William Tetley, who were marginally more successful, took up the lease again in 1876.

The initial town was gazetted in 1884 to be built on a 4-square-mile (10 km2) plot by Lake Francis. A year later the present site was re-gazetted and Camooweal Post Office opened on 27 April 1885.[8] Other milestones for the town were the addition of a police station in 1886, opening of a provisional school in 1893, drilling of the town bore in 1897 and the arrival of electricity in 1952.

On January 2nd, 1931, a Qantas Air Ambulance from the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia flown by E.G. Donaldson rescued a man in Camooweal and delivered him to Brisbane.

The road through Camooweal to the Northern Territory was the inland defence route for World War II. This road was built by army engineers and carried over 1000 vehicles a day and there are numerous historical sites marked along the road.

Heritage listings[edit]

Camooweal has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Amenities[edit]

Along the main road (the Barkly Highway) there are several caravan stops or van parks which will take mobile homes and tents. There is an airstrip that is used by the Royal Flying Doctor Service to bring medical services to the town.

Australian country musician Slim Dusty recorded a song written by David Kirkpatrick and Alex "Mack" Cormack entitled simply Camooweal which features this town.[13]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Camooweal (Camooweal Township 1891-2016)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 46.0
(114.8)
45.5
(113.9)
42.8
(109)
40.0
(104)
38.4
(101.1)
35.6
(96.1)
35.7
(96.3)
37.3
(99.1)
41.0
(105.8)
44.0
(111.2)
44.5
(112.1)
46.6
(115.9)
46.6
(115.9)
Average high °C (°F) 37.3
(99.1)
36.3
(97.3)
35.3
(95.5)
33.0
(91.4)
29.0
(84.2)
26.0
(78.8)
25.8
(78.4)
28.4
(83.1)
32.4
(90.3)
35.8
(96.4)
37.6
(99.7)
38.0
(100.4)
32.9
(91.2)
Average low °C (°F) 24.3
(75.7)
23.7
(74.7)
21.8
(71.2)
18.0
(64.4)
13.5
(56.3)
9.9
(49.8)
8.8
(47.8)
10.9
(51.6)
15.2
(59.4)
19.5
(67.1)
22.4
(72.3)
23.8
(74.8)
17.7
(63.9)
Record low °C (°F) 13.5
(56.3)
12.8
(55)
10.0
(50)
4.4
(39.9)
2.4
(36.3)
−2.2
(28)
−0.3
(31.5)
0.0
(32)
3.9
(39)
5.7
(42.3)
11.4
(52.5)
14.4
(57.9)
−2.2
(28)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 98.8
(3.89)
93.0
(3.661)
55.5
(2.185)
14.2
(0.559)
10.9
(0.429)
10.0
(0.394)
5.5
(0.217)
3.0
(0.118)
6.5
(0.256)
13.7
(0.539)
29.3
(1.154)
62.9
(2.476)
403.3
(15.878)
Average rainy days 8.4 8.2 5.4 1.6 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.5 1.2 2.6 4.4 6.4 42
Source: Australian Bureau of Meteorology[14]


Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2011 Census QuickStats: Camooweal (State Suburb)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 21 June 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "Camooweal - town (entry 5880)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 8 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "Camooweal - locality (entry 42312)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 8 July 2016. 
  4. ^ Roberts, Tony Frontier Justice: A history of the Gulf Country to 1900, UQP, 2005, p 3, ISBN 978-0-7022-3361-6
  5. ^ http://www.nntt.gov.au/News-and-Communications/Newsletters/State-E-Newsletters-Archive/Documents/State%20e-newsletter%20TNT%20Qld%20March%202003.pdf
  6. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/queensland/federation/stories/s402975.htm
  7. ^ http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article23266174
  8. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  9. ^ "Community Hall, Camooweal (entry 600740)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "Tree of Knowledge (entry 600738)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "Freckleton's Stores (entry 600739)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  12. ^ "Hodgkinson's Marked Tree (entry 600741)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  13. ^ "Camooweal: Slim Dusty". musixmatch. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  14. ^ "Climate statistics for Camooweal". Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 18 December 2016. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Camooweal, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons