Camp Century

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Camp Century
Part of Project Iceworm
Near Qaanaaq in Greenland
Camp Century layout plan.png
Plan of base
Camp Century is located in Greenland
Camp Century
Camp Century
Site information
OwnerUnited States Army
Site history
In use1959–1967 (1967)

Camp Century was an Arctic United States military scientific research base in Greenland.[1] It is situated 240 km east of Thule Air Base. It was part of Project Iceworm to install sites for launching nuclear missiles in Greenland. Powered by a nuclear reactor, the camp operated from 1959 until 1967. The base consisted of 21 tunnels with a complete length of 3000 m.

History[edit]

Construction on the camp and the sub-glacial nuclear reactor began without explicit permission from the government of Denmark, leading to a political dilemma for Prime Minister H. C. Hansen.[2]

Scientific research[edit]

Ice core samples from Camp Century were used to create stable isotopes analyses used to develop climate models.[3][4][5]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reed, John (April 6, 2012). "Inside the Army's Secret Cold War Ice Base". DefenseTech. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  2. ^ Nielsen, Kristian Hvidtfelt (December 19, 2017). "How the US built a mysterious military camp under the Greenland ice sheet". Translated by Jex, Catherine. ScienceNordic. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  3. ^ William Sweet (February 2008). Kicking the Carbon Habit: Global Warming and the Case for Renewable and Nuclear Energy. Columbia University Press. p. 72. ISBN 978-0-231-13711-9.
  4. ^ Chester C. Langway; Hans Oeschger; W. Dansgaard (1985). Greenland Ice Core: Geophysics, Geochemistry, and the Environment. American Geophysical Union. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-87590-057-5.
  5. ^ Thomas M. Cronin (5 September 1999). Principles of Paleoclimatology. Columbia University Press. p. 415. ISBN 978-0-231-50304-4.

Coordinates: 77°10′00″N 61°08′00″W / 77.1667°N 61.1333°W / 77.1667; -61.1333