Camp Justice (Iraq)

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Pilgrims march outside Camp Justice in 2004.

Camp Justice (also known as Camp Al-Adala) was a joint Iraqi-U.S. military base[1] in the Kadhimiya district of Baghdad, Iraq.

Etymology[edit]

The location was renamed from "Camp Banzai" in mid-September 2004 as part of an effort to give Army facilities around Baghdad friendlier names.[2]

History[edit]

Camp Justice was the location of the 2006 execution of Saddam Hussein; the 2007 hanging of Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, Awad Hamed al-Bandar, and Taha Yassin Ramadan; and the 2010 hanging of Saddam's cousin Ali Hassan al-Majid, a.k.a. Chemical Ali.

The former president of Iraq, Saddam Hussein was executed at approximately 03:00 UTC on December 30, 2006. Two weeks later on January 15, 2007, Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, former head of the Iraqi Intelligence Service, and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former head of the Iraqi Revolutionary Court, were also executed by hanging at this site.[3]

Saddam's former deputy and former vice-president, Taha Yassin Ramadan (who was originally sentenced to life in prison on November 5, 2006, but had it changed to a death sentence three months and a week later), was likewise hanged here on March 20, 2007, two months and five days after Barzan's and al-Bandar's execution. Likewise Saddam's cousin Ali Hassan al-Majid (Chemical Ali) was hanged on January 25, 2010 (three years and about a month after his cousin's execution), after receiving four death sentences.[3]

Correctional facilities[edit]

Women on Iraq's death row are held at the Shaaba Khamsa death row facility at Camp Justice. As of 2014 the adult women's death row had 36 women as well as children even though the facility was only intended to hold 25 women.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Army Pfc Al Barrus (16 September 2004). "Soldiers Provide Added Security for Pilgrims: Troops Defend Camp Justice, Iraqis During Shiite Holy Pilgrimage". United States Department of Defense. Archived from the original on 14 October 2007. Retrieved 14 October 2007.
  2. ^ "Mashhad al-Kazimiya". Global Security. Retrieved 10 October 2007.
  3. ^ a b "Saddam Hussein's Henchman Chemical Ali Executed". The Daily Telegraph. London. January 25, 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
  4. ^ "“No One is Safe” The Abuse of Women in Iraq’s Criminal Justice System" (Archive). Human Rights Watch. February 6, 2014. Retrieved on December 25, 2015.

Coordinates: 33°22′55″N 44°21′11″E / 33.382°N 44.353°E / 33.382; 44.353