Camp Meigs is a former American Civil War training camp that existed from 1862 to 1865 in Readville, Massachusetts. It existed near the former Camp Brigham and Camp Massasoit and trained the 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, among others. The 54th regiment was one of the first official African-American units in the United States during the Civil War.
Other units that trained there include the 11th, 18th, 24th, 43rd, 44th, 45th, 47th, 48th, 55th, 56th, 58th, 59th, 60th and 62nd regiments of infantry; the 1st, 2nd, 4th and 5th regiments of cavalry; the 2nd regiment of heavy artillery; and the 5th, 9th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, and 16th batteries of light artillery. It was the busiest training camp in Massachusetts.
In 1869, the land was obtained by the Norfolk Agricultural Association, improved upon, and ultimately became the Readville Race Track. On December 12, 1915, the newly formed Sturtevant Aeroplane Company tested its new A-3 Battleplane prototype on the Readville field, becoming the first American airplane engineered specifically for air combat. The A-3 was designed by Grover C. Loening, most recently the Army’s aeronautical engineer at San Diego and hired by Sturtevant. The Battleplane featured a water-cooled 14 hp Sturtevant V-8 engine with two removable 8-foot × 2.5-foot nacelles positioned mid-wing for machine gunners to fire outside the propeller arc. The test flight was piloted by Lt. Byron Jones.
By World War II, the site was largely abandoned, although U.S. Navy pilots from Squantum Naval Air Station flying their Stearman biplanes would practice "touch and go" landings on the remnants of the old oval track.
- "Massachusetts". American Forts Network. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- Browne, Patrick (May 2015). "Civil War Training Camps in Massachusetts, Part One". Historical Digression.
- "Sturtevant Aeroplane Co".
- "Sturtevant Aviation History".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Camp Meigs - Readville MA.|
- Emilio, Luis F. (1891). "Readville Camp". History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 1863-1865. Boston: The Boston Book Co. pp. 19–34.
- Hubbard, Charles E. (1882). "Camp-Life at Readville". The Campaign of the Forty-Fifth Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. Boston: J. S. Adams. pp. 1–19.
- Doyle, Dennis (December 2014). "Camp Meigs and the U. S. General Hospital at Readville, MA". Milton Historical Society.