Camp Myles Standish
|Camp Myles Standish|
|Built by||United States Army|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Camp Myles Standish was a U.S. Army camp located in Taunton, Massachusetts. It functioned as a departure area for about a million U.S. and Allied soldiers and prisoner-of-war camp during World War II. Immediately after, it was considered as a candidate site for the United Nations Headquarters.
The city of Taunton was notified in June 1942 by the War Department that 1,500 acres (6.1 km2) would be taken for use as a military staging area. The design of the layout for the camp was made by the J.F. Worcester Company. The Matthew Cummings Company of Boston received the contract to construct the buildings. The camp opened on October 8, 1942 and was named in honor of Myles Standish who was the first military commander in the Old Colony region. Camp Myles Standish represented the Boston Port of Embarkation where American soldiers as well as soldiers from Canada, Great Britain and Australia processed before engaging in the European Theater of World War II.
As such, a quartermaster was set up so an entire division could be prepared for deployment within a day. Often, divisions would go to Africa or Iceland. This made train traffic understandably chaotic, with trains regularly coming into town from Providence, Rhode Island, Springfield, Massachusetts and Boston. The yard itself, run by the New Haven Railroad, contained about ten miles of track.
German soldiers who were captured during the war were detained at this camp. Also, Italian soldiers were detained there as well although they were considered 'co-belligerents' because Italy had surrendered by the time the Italian soldiers arrived at Camp Myles Standish.
There are several buildings that were once part of Camp Myles Standish that still remain standing as of 2009.
Massachusetts took it over from the federal government to create the Myles Standish State School for the Mentally Retarded. The patients of the institution were housed in the former hospital area for the former army camp. In 1951, Governor Paul A. Dever was instrumental in providing for over two dozen new brick buildings on the south part of the former army camp site as the new campus for the metally retarded patients of the Myles Standish State School. Following the death of former Governor Paul A. Dever, the Myles Standish State School was dedicated in memory of Paul A. Dever.
The City of Taunton acquired over 700 acres (2.8 km2) of the former army camp in 1973 for the purpose of constructing a modern industrial park. The Myles Standish Industrial Park has continued to expand and has become one of the most successful industrial parks in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Units that passed through Camp Myles Standish
- 99th Infantry Division
- 106th Infantry Division
- 76th Infantry Division
- 10th Tank Battalion
- 11th Armored Division
- 172nd Infantry Brigade
- 17th Airborne Division
- 17th Field Artillery Brigade
- 20th Fighter Group
- 26th Infantry Division
- 29th Transport Squadron
- 34th Tank Battalion
- 289th Engineer Combat Battalion
- 372nd Military Police Company
- 395th Infantry Regiment
- 452d Bombardment Squadron (Medium)
- 361st Fighter Squadron
- 47th Troop Carrier Squadron
- 49th Troop Carrier Squadron
- 501st Infantry Regiment
- 555th Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion
- 556th Antiaircraft Automatic Weapons Battalion (Mobile)
- 218th CIC Detachment (Airborne)
- 57th Fighter Group
- 5th Ranger Battalion
- 68th Armor Regiment
- 70th Infantry Division
- 95th Infantry Division
- 99th Bombardment Wing
- III Corps
- 30th Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized) of the 30th Infantry Division
- 167th Engineer Combat Battalion
- 980th Field Artillery Battalion
- 336th Engineer Combat Battalion
- 24th Armored Engineer Battalion
- 93rd Chemical Mortar Battalion
- Koller, Jim. "Camp Myles Standish - 64 Years Later". 70th Infantry Division Association. Retrieved 2009-06-19.
- HQ, 24th Armored Engineer Battalion APO #254 NY, NY, Memorandum dated 20 Jan 1944, Subject: Unit History -- 1 December 1943 to 15 January 1944 [Dwight D. Eisenhower Library U.S. Army Unit Records Box 570 24th Armored Engineer Battalion]
- "History of 93rd Cml Mortar Bn". www.4point2.org. Retrieved 2016-12-14.