2014 Camp Speicher massacre

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2014 Speicher massacre
Part of Northern Iraq offensive (June 2014)
Fobspeicheriraq2.png
A picture of the area where the massacre occurred.
2014 Camp Speicher massacre is located in Iraq
Tikrit
Tikrit
2014 Camp Speicher massacre (Iraq)
Location Tikrit, Iraq
Coordinates 34°36′36″N 43°40′48″E / 34.61000°N 43.68000°E / 34.61000; 43.68000
Date 12 June 2014
Target Shia and non-Muslim Iraqi Air force cadets
Attack type
Mass murder, terrorism, genocide
Deaths 1,566–1,700[1][2]
Perpetrators  Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Defender  Iraq

On 12 June 2014, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) killed at least 1,566[2] Shia Iraqi Air Force cadets in an attack on Camp Speicher in Tikrit. At the time of the attack there were between 4,000 and 11,000 unarmed cadets in the camp.[3] Alleged ISIL fighters singled out Shia and non-Muslim cadets from Sunni ones and murdered them. The Iraqi government blamed the massacre on both ISIL and members from the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Iraq Region.[4]

Attack[edit]

Iraqi politician Mish'an al-Jubori stated: "Some of the chief officers of the camp ordered the cadets to have a rest for 15 days and to go to their families, with civilian clothes".[5] While they were walking on the highway looking for a bus to take them to Baghdad, two buses stopped near them with 10 armed men inside. One bus was driven by Ayman Sabawi Ibrahim, the son of Saddam Hussein's half brother, Sabawi Ibrahim al-Tikriti.[5] Several more buses with ISIL members arrived and the cadets were kidnapped at gun point and taken to the Al-Qusour Al-Re'asiya region.[5] Several survivors testified that their senior officers in the camp had forced them to leave it.[3][6]

Peter Bouckaert, the emergencies director for Human Rights Watch (HRW), stated "The photos and satellite images from Tikrit provide strong evidence of a horrible war crime that needs further investigation. [ISIS] and other abusive forces should know that the eyes of Iraqis and the world are watching".[7] HRW also said that ISIL posted on its websites many videos and photographs showing how they beheaded, shot and choked their victims while they celebrated.[7][8]

The photos show masked ISIL fighters tying up the cadets and loading them up on trucks, with other photographs showing ISIL fighters executing dozens of the cadets while they are lying down. ISIL propaganda videos show them shooting at hundreds of men lined up in mass graves in the desert. Some cadets faked their death, covering themselves with blood and escaping at night. Survivor Ali Hussein Kadhim told his story to the New York Times following his escape from the massacre.[8]

The Islamic State released the videos of the massacre as part of their propaganda video Upon the Prophetic Methodology. The cadets are seen to be crammed into trucks, some of them wearing civilian clothes to hide their military uniforms. Most of them are lying on the ground, with their jeans stripped to reveal camouflage uniforms underneath. Some of the prisoners were forced to defame Iraq's prime minister, others forced to shout "long live the Islamic State". Some of them lined up as a cadet was beaten to death with a rifle. The executions varied, from shooting the cadets one by one to shooting them while lying down many times to ensure death.[7]

Aftermath[edit]

Memorial for dead of the Camp Speicher massacre at the location of the incident at the presidential palaces in Tikrit

The Iraqi government claimed that 57 members of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Iraq Region had taken part in the massacre.[9] Although pictures showed that every armed man was from ISIS, the government stated "Without any doubts and suspicion, all of these criminals are from the banned Ba'ath Party."[4] The minister of defence, Sa'dun al-Dulaimi, stated that the massacre was not sectarian in nature.[10] although, the spokesman of the Iraqi Armed Forces, Qasim Atta, stated that there are almost 11,000 cadets and soldiers missing from Camp Speicher, he also stated that thousands were executed in or near the Presidential Palaces, al-Bu Agail region and the Badoush prison by sectarian violence.[11]

On 2 September, more than 100 members of the families of the killed and missing cadets and soldiers broke into the Iraqi Parliament and hit three of the security guards.[12] After a day, a session started in the parliament with the attendance of representatives of the families and Sa'dun al-Dulaimi, along with other military officials to discuss the massacre.[13]

On 16 September, the Kurdish Asayish arrested 4 people suspected to be involved in the massacre in southern Kirkuk.[14] An unnamed security source stated "The operation was executed by relying on intelligence information to arrest them."[15]

On 18 September, the Iraqi Human Rights ministry stated that as of 17 September, the total of missing soldiers and cadets was 1095,[16] denying the most popular figure of 1700 soldiers having been killed. The ministry added "The ministry relied in its statistics on spreading forms on the families of the missing people in Baghdad and the other governorate within its quest to document the crimes and violations that the terrorist group of the Islamic State is committing towards our people."[17] The Iraqi government ordered to pay 10,000,000 Iraqi dinar (equivalent to US$8,600) to the families of the missing cadets.[17]

Following the Iraqi forces' victory over ISIS in Tikrit in early April 2015, mass graves containing some of the murdered cadets were located and the decomposed corpses began to be exhumed.[18]

Two of the alleged perpetrators of the massacre were arrested in Forssa, Finland, in December 2015. The suspects were identified from ISIS propaganda videos in which the executions of 11 men took place. Police did not disclose whether the men had made applications for asylum in Finland.[19] On 13 December 2016, the 24-year-old twins were tried and charged with committing a war crime for allegedly killing unarmed cadets, as well as for "aggravated assault with terrorist aims".[20]

In August 2016, thirty-six men were hanged for their part in the massacre.[21]

On 6 September 2016, three mass graves were found by the Kata’ib al-Imam brigade containing the remains of over 30 people killed in the massacre.[22]

In August 2017, 27 people were sentenced to death for the involvement in the massacre and another 25 men were released because the lack of evidence.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Iraqi court sentences 24 to death over Speicher massacre". Middle East Monitor – The Latest from the Middle East. Retrieved 6 August 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "احصائية رسمية: 1997 العدد الكلي لمفقودي مجزرتي سبايكر وبادوش". Rudaw. Retrieved 6 August 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Survivors from the Speicher massacre: We were 4000 unarmed soldiers fell into the hands of ISIS". Buratha News Agency (in Arabic). Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "ISIS, Saddam's men or a third party who killed 1700 soldiers in camp Speicher in Iraq?". CNN Arabic (in Arabic). Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "Speicher massacre, cousins of Saddam started it and ISIL finished it". Al Wasat (in Arabic). Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "Survivor from COB Speicher reveals details about the massacre". Al Alam (in Arabic). Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c "'ISIS commits mass murder, advertises it': Iraq executions detailed". Russia Today. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "The Rare Eyewitness Account of One of the Few Survivors of an Islamic State Massacre". The Blaze. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "New Secrets are revealed about the Speicher massacre in Iraq". Al Fajr (in Arabic). Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "Sa'dun al-Dulaimi says that the ones who committed the massacre weren't sectarians". Sout al-Iraq (in Arabic). Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "Qassim Atta: 11,000 missing men from camp Speicher". Al Baghdadia (in Arabic). Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "The families of the missing people of camp Speicher break into the parliament". Al Jazeera (in Arabic). Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  13. ^ "An emergency parliament session to discuss the Speicher massacre". Al Jazeera (in Arabic). Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "4 suspected in the massacre of Speicher are arrested". Kitabat (in Arabic). Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  15. ^ "Arresting 4 suspected to be involved in the crime of Speicher in southern Kirkuk". Al Sumaria (in Arabic). Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  16. ^ "1095 soldiers still missing since the Speicher massacre by ISIS". CNN Arabic (in Arabic). Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  17. ^ a b "Ministry of Human Rights: The number of the missing people of Camp Speicher reached 1095". Al Sumaria (in Arabic). Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  18. ^ Ellis, Ralph (6 April 2015). "New mass graves found in Tikrit". CNN. Retrieved 6 April 2015. 
  19. ^ "Two detained in Finland over ISIS executions in Tikrit". 10 December 2015. Retrieved 10 December 2015. 
  20. ^ "Finland tries twins over IS massacre in Iraq". Yahoo News. Retrieved 13 December 2016. 
  21. ^ "Iraq hangs 36 men for Camp Speicher massacre". BBC News. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  22. ^ "3 mass graves discovered in central Tikrit". Iraqi News. Retrieved 6 September 2016. 
  23. ^ "Iraq to hang 27 for IS Camp Speicher massacre". BBC News. Retrieved 8 August 2017.