Camp Stanton

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Camp Edwin M. Stanton (usually known as just Camp Stanton) was an American Civil War training camp that existed from 1861-1862 in Lynnfield, Massachusetts.[1] When the camp first opened in 1861, it was known as Camp Schouler, named for Massachusetts Adjutant General William Schouler. After President Abraham Lincoln's call for 300,000 troops in July 1862, the camp was revived and renamed in honor of United States Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.[2][3] It served as the training camp and rendezvous for recruits from Eastern Massachusetts (recruits from Western Massachusetts were sent to Camp Wool in Worcester, Massachusetts).[4] Soldiers stationed at Camp Schouler/Stanton during training included Edward A. Wild, Henry Wilson, Nelson A. Miles, Edward Winslow Hinks, and Arthur F. Devereux.[5][6] During World War I it was renamed Camp Houston and served as a Massachusetts National Guard mobilization camp in 1917.[1][3] It was located on the Newburyport Turnpike (now part of U.S. Route 1) near the Peabody, Massachusetts line.[5][7] The camp was divided into streets, with tents and cook houses located on both sides of the Turnpike to Suntaug Lake.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Massachusetts". American Forts Network. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
  2. ^ Roe, Alfred Seelye. The Thirty-ninth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, 1862-1865. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  3. ^ a b c Hockenbury, Nan (November 28, 2010). "The Mystery of William Hampton". Lynnfield Patch. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  4. ^ Schouler, William (1868). A History of Massachusetts in the Civil War. Boston: E. P. Dutton & Co., Publishers. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  5. ^ a b The Register of the Lynn Historical Society, Volume 17. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  6. ^ Welsh, Jack D. (1996). Medical Histories of Union Generals. The Kent State University Press. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  7. ^ Falls, Warren H. Lynnfield. Arcadia Publishing. Retrieved August 8, 2015.