Camp Stanton

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Camp Edwin M. Stanton (usually known as just Camp Stanton) was an American Civil War training camp that existed from 1861-1862 in Lynnfield, Massachusetts.[1] When the camp first opened in 1861 it was known as Camp Schouler, named for Massachusetts Adjutant General William Schouler. In some references it is mis-spelled as Camp Schuyler.[2] After President Abraham Lincoln's call for 300,000 troops in July 1862, the camp was revived and renamed in honor of United States Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.[3][4] It served as the training camp and rendezvous for recruits from eastern Massachusetts (recruits from western Massachusetts were sent to Camp Wool in Worcester, Massachusetts).[5] The camp trained ten infantry regiments and four artillery batteries of the Massachusetts militia,[2] including the 17th, 19th, 22nd, 23rd, 33rd, 35th, 38th, 39th, 40th, and 41st regiments of infantry and the 3rd, 5th, 9th, and 10th batteries of light artillery.[6] Soldiers stationed at Camp Schouler/Stanton during training included Edward A. Wild, Henry Wilson, Nelson A. Miles, Edward Winslow Hinks, and Arthur F. Devereux.[7][8] During World War I it was renamed Camp Houston and served as a Massachusetts National Guard mobilization camp in 1917.[1][4] It was located on the Newburyport Turnpike (now part of U.S. Route 1) near the Peabody, Massachusetts line.[7][9] The camp was divided into streets, with tents and cook houses located on both sides of the Turnpike to Suntaug Lake.[4]

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  1. ^ a b "Massachusetts - Camp Houston". American Forts Network. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  2. ^ a b Roberts, Robert B. (1988). Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States. New York: Macmillan. p. 393. ISBN 0-02-926880-X.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  3. ^ Roe, Alfred Seelye (1914). The Thirty-ninth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, 1862-1865. Regimental Veteran Association. p. 11. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c Hockenbury, Nan (November 28, 2010). "The Mystery of William Hampton". Lynnfield Patch. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  5. ^ Schouler, William (1868). A History of Massachusetts in the Civil War. Boston: E. P. Dutton & Co., Publishers. p. 340. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  6. ^ Historical Digression, Civil War Training Camps in Massachusetts, part 1 20 May 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  7. ^ a b The Register of the Lynn Historical Society, Volume 17. 1914. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  8. ^ Welsh, Jack D. (1996). Medical Histories of Union Generals. The Kent State University Press.
  9. ^ Falls, Warren H. (1998-06-01). Lynnfield. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9780738564432. Retrieved August 8, 2015.

Coordinates: 42°31′11″N 70°59′56″W / 42.5198°N 70.9989°W / 42.5198; -70.9989