Camp Tarawa

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Camp Tarawa
Island of Hawaiʻi, Hawaiʻi
Parker Ranch and Camp Tarawa.jpg
The memorial plaque where Camp Tarawa once stood.
Camp Tarawa is located in Hawaii
Camp Tarawa
Camp Tarawa
Coordinates 19°45′36″N 155°33′13″W / 19.76°N 155.5536°W / 19.76; -155.5536
Type Training facility
Site information
Owner Parker Ranch
Controlled by United States
Open to
the public
No
Site history
In use No
Demolished Yes
Garrison information
Occupants 2nd Marine Division

Camp Tarawa was a training camp located on the big island of Hawaii constructed and used by the 2nd Marine Division during World War II. The grounds of the camp were situated between the volcanic peaks of Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa. Marines were sent straight from the bloodly Battle of Tarawa to the campsite, which they had to build themselves. It was well known for its harsh and dusty conditions by Marines who trained there. After the 2d Marine Division left for Saipan, the 5th Marine Division moved into the base and trained for the Battle of Iwo Jima. The base was closed for good in November 1945.

The base was chosen by Marine commanders because the colder climate was beneficial to Marines still suffering with malaria symptoms from the Guadalcanal Campaign, the nearby Parker Ranges were excellent training areas, the leadership knew that the Marines' next fight would be in mountainous terrain and the relative isolation of the camp gave the Marines time to adjust to the people of Hawaii after their brutal fight at Tarawa.[1] A small memorial can be viewed by the side of the Māmalahoa Highway at coordinates 20°0′51″N 155°40′30″W / 20.01417°N 155.67500°W / 20.01417; -155.67500.[2] It was located on the grounds of Parker Ranch, just outside the town of Waimea.

In the 1950s a new training center was located inland and became the Pohakuloa Training Area.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johnston, Richard (1948). Follow Me: The Story of the Second Marine Division in World War II. New York: Random House. p. 166. ASIN B000WLAD86. 
  2. ^ "Camp Tarawa Memorial". Blog of Hawaii. 2006. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  3. ^ "Phase II Former Waikoloa Maneuver Area and Nansay Sites Engineering Evaluation/Cost Analysis" (PDF). US Army Corps of Engineers. July 1, 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 3, 2009. Retrieved October 27, 2010.