Camp Zama

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Camp Zama
Zama and Sagamihara, Japan
CampZamaSignalTower.jpg
Two U.S. airmen work atop a signal tower at Camp Zama in June 2002.
TypeMilitary installation
Site information
OwnerUSA, with authority from Japan
Controlled byEmblem of the United States Department of the Army.svg  United States Army
Site history
Built byImperial Japanese Army
Garrison information
Garrison
  • United States Army Japan
  • I Corps (Forward)
  • U.S. Army Garrison - Japan
  • 311th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • Japan Engineer District
  • 78th Signal Battalion
  • Bilateral Coordination Department
  • 4th Engineer Group, Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
  • and others
OccupantsUnited States Army, Japan - Shoulder sleeve insignia.svg  United States Army, Japan
Flag of the Japan Self-Defense Forces.svg  Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
Camp Zama Kastner Army Airfield

Zama/Kastner Heliport
Summary
Airport typeMilitary
OperatorUS Army
LocationCamp Zama
Elevation AMSL367 ft / 112 m
Coordinates35°30′49″N 139°23′37″E / 35.51361°N 139.39361°E / 35.51361; 139.39361Coordinates: 35°30′49″N 139°23′37″E / 35.51361°N 139.39361°E / 35.51361; 139.39361
Websitewww.usarj.army.mil
Map
RJTR is located in Japan
RJTR
RJTR
Location in Japan
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
02 457 × 16 1,499 × 52 Asphalt
20 457 × 16 1,499 × 52 Asphalt
Source: Japanese AIP at AIS Japan[1]

Camp Zama (キャンプ座間) is a United States Army post located in the cities of Zama and Sagamihara, in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, about 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Tokyo.

Camp Zama is home to the U.S. Army Japan (USARJ), I Corps (Forward), U.S. Army Aviation Battalion Japan "Ninjas" , 311th Military Intelligence Brigade, Japan Engineer District (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers), 78th Signal Battalion and the Bilateral Coordination Department and 4th Engineer Group of the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force.

Camp[edit]

Camp Zama is close to the Sagami River near the foothills of the Tanzawa Mountain Range, Kanagawa Prefecture. The installation falls in the Zama City limits while the two housing areas, Camp Zama and Sagamihara Family Housing Area (SFHA), are located in the adjacent Sagamihara City. Once considered rural, this area has transformed into an urban area. New housing developments and communities along with shopping centers have increased the population and made traffic extremely congested. Traveling from Tokyo and outlying U.S. military installations to Camp Zama averages from 1.5 to 3 hours depending on the time of day. However traveling from other parts of Kanagawa was made easier with the opening of the nearby Sagamihara/Aikawa Interchange which connects with the Ken-Ō Expressway in May 2012. The recommended method to travel to Camp Zama during times of peak road traffic is via the extremely reliable local public transportation train system. The closest train station to Camp Zama is the Odakyū Line's Sōbudai-mae Station.

History[edit]

Camp Zama is located on the former site of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy, which was named "Sōbudai" (Japanese: 相武台) by Emperor Showa. Camp Zama is the earliest barrack in Japan. The camp faced so many changes which was as a result of the defeat suffered by the Japanese in World War II. Route 51 is the road to Camp Zama that was specifically built in order for the Emperor to travel to review the graduating classes from Machida Station. The Emperor Showa visited Camp Zama in 1937. Camp Zama also houses an emergency shelter for the Emperor, and to this day, it has been maintained by the U.S. Army Garrison Japan. The Camp Zama theater workshop is one of the few remaining buildings from the pre-occupation era. It is a large hall that was used for ceremonies by the Imperial Japanese Army. Additionally, the former recreation center still stands currently used by the Camp Zama Tours and Travel Office and Boys Scouts, along with others.

In November 1984, Mother Teresa of Calcutta visited Camp Zama and spoke to an audience of 1,200 people.[2][3]

The camp has been attacked several times by terrorists. First when a bomb was exploded outside the camp in 2002 by the "Revolutionary Army".[4] There was a further attack in 2007, which was speculated to be an Al-Qaida attack[5] but responsibility was claimed by so-called "Revolutionary Army" responsible for the 2002 attack.[6] There was another attempted attack in May 2015.[7][8]

In 2004 Charles Jenkins, a U.S. Army sergeant who had deserted to North Korea in 1965, turned himself into Camp Zama. He was sentenced to a 30-day jail sentence and given a dishonourable discharge.[9][10][11] He later gained permanent residency in Japan to live with his Japanese wife and family.[12] Jenkins died of heart failure at age 77 in December 2017 near Sado, in Northern Japan.[13]

In 2005 a live anthrax sample was sent to the base in error. It was destroyed in 2009.[14]

In March 2007, Michael Jackson visited the camp to greet 3,000 plus U.S. troops and their families.[15] Jackson was flown in on a Black Hawk helicopter from Hardy Barracks in Tokyo and addressed the frenzied crowd at the base's Yano Fitness Center gymnasium:

"It is an honor and privilege to be here today." Michael told the spectators. "Those of you in here today are some of the most special people in the world because you have chosen a life of service. When we all sleep at night, we rest comfortably knowing that we are protected. And it is because of you here today and others who so valiantly have given their lives to protect us, that we enjoy our freedom. I thank you from the bottom of my heart. I love you. Thank you so much."

Col. Robert M. Waltemeyer, Commander U.S. Army Garrison Japan, presented Jackson with a Certificate of Appreciation for his devotion to U.S. Military troops and their families.[16]

In December 2007 headquarters for the 1st Corps was opened at Camp Zama.[17]

Personnel from the base assisted with Operation Tomodachi following and during the March 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami and Fukushima I nuclear accidents. During the crisis, around 300 American family members voluntarily departed the base for locations outside Japan.[18]

In 2013 a handgun went missing at the base, and was reported to police.[19]

Education[edit]

The United States Department of Defense operates several public schools in the base.

  • Arnn Elementary School
  • Zama Middle School
  • Zama American High School

Higher educational opportunities for those in the military and working for the Department of Defense, as well as for family members at Camp Zama are available through several contracted academic institutions. For example:

Arnn Elementary School[edit]

The Sagamihara Elementary School opened in September 1951 with 300 students, ten teachers, and a principal. It started in a building purchased from the Japanese Government. This original building was destroyed by fire in 1976. Three temporary buildings were constructed in the summer of 1976 on the community play area across the street from the original school site. Later in 1978 three new buildings were completed on the original site and the campus was completed in 1983. These buildings served as the school until the new school replacement project was completed in May 2003. Fall 2003, the new John O. Arnn ES opened.[21]

  • School motto: "Creating lifelong learners"
  • School mascot: The Knight
  • School colors: Blue and green

Zama American High School[edit]

Zama American High School, 2008.

The Zama American High School, also known as ZAHS, first opened in 1959. It was opened to, and continues to serve, American dependents of U.S. Military and civilian employees stationed in the area, as well as U.S. Contractors. It was built at the bottom of "General's Hill" on the north side of Camp Zama and remained there until 1968. In 1968, the school Principal, Mr. Richard A. Pemble, had the high school and Jr. High 'switched', and the high school then occupied two wooden army barracks close to the main gate. The barracks were the original Imperial Japanese Army buildings used to house Japanese Imperial army officer candidates during World War II, and subsequently house U.S. troops during the occupation.

In 1980, a new high school was built on the hill near the original site, and the historical barracks were subsequently torn down. The high school still serves the American School community for the U.S. dependents in the Camp Zama, Sagamihara, Atsugi Naval Air Facility and surrounding areas.

In 1987, the school split into Zama American Middle School and Zama American High School.

ZAHS has an active alumni association and biyearly reunions that draw members from all over the globe.

Zama American High School celebrated its 50th graduating class anniversary in June, 2009. In June 2012, the school was placed on accreditation probation by accreditation agency AdvancED. AdvancED's report cited an "obstructive and negative climate perpetuated by an intimidating, manipulative minority of staff members at the school" as the main source of problems with the learning environment at the school. In fear of losing its accreditation, school staff had until April 2013 to correct the problem.[22] In response, in April 2012, DoDEA called former Zama High School teacher Bruce Derr out of retirement to serve as principal and turn things around.[23] In August 2012 DoDEA transferred union representative Brian Chance, identified as one of those reportedly contributing to the conflicts between faculty and administrators at the school, to Germany. One teacher was fired. Six other teachers were also transferred or elected to retire in lieu of accepting a transfer. The school met the deadline and is again fully accredited.[24]

In 2012 the DoDEA boss agreed that Zama High School was failing and believed it should receive a D-. According to the 2012 Report of the Quality Assurance Review Team's report SAT scores and other data is not easily accessible to the parents and the public.[25]

In 2016, Zama American Middle School was found to have Asbestos and is currently under construction prompting the middle school children be moved to the high school building temporarily.

In 2017, Zama High School combined with Zama Middle School, making Zama American Middle High School.

In 2013, Zama American High School students scored an average SAT Test Score of 1339 points, obtaining a 442 in critical reading, 465 in math, and 432 in writing,[26]

Year Reading Writing Math Combined
2013 442 432 465 1339
2012 492 478 500 1470
2011 478 470 466 1414
2010 503 513 497 1513
2009 504 496 481 1481

References[edit]

  1. ^ "AIS JAPAN - Japan Aeronautical Information Service Center". arquivo.pt. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  2. ^ U.S. Army in Japan Facebook page 10 November 2015 Retrieved 16 August 2016
  3. ^ U.S. Army in Japan - CAMP ZAMA THROUGH THE YEARS.... Archived 14 September 2016 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 16 August 2016
  4. ^ Mortar attack believed behind Camp Zama blasts 20 November 2002 Japan Times Retrieved 16 August 2016
  5. ^ Camp Zama blasts may be al-Qaida work: ABC 12 February 2007 Japan Times Retrieved 16 August 2016
  6. ^ Hana Kusumoto and Vince Little (19 February 2007). "Group claims responsibility for Camp Zama explosions". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  7. ^ Police investigate possible projectile attack on U.S. Army’s Camp Zama 28 April 2015 Japan Times Retrieved 16 August 2016
  8. ^ Report: Police investigating explosions heard near Camp Zama 27 April 2015 Stars and Stripes Retrieved 16 August 2016
  9. ^ Takahara, Kanako Accused U.S. deserter Jenkins to report soon to Camp Zama 2 September 2004 Japan Times Retrieved 16 August 2016
  10. ^ Timeline of Jenkins saga 4 November 2004 Japan Times Retrieved 16 August 2016
  11. ^ Jenkins gets 30 days in jail, dishonourable discharge 4 November 2004 Japan Times Retrieved 16 August 2016
  12. ^ Jenkins’ status of residency now permanent 12 July 2008 Japan Times Retrieved 16 August 2016
  13. ^ "Charles Jenkins, Ex-US Army soldier who defected to North Korea, dead at 77" Fox News Retrieved 17 May 2018
  14. ^ U.S. accidentally sent live anthrax to Camp Zama in 2005 June 13, 2015 Japan Times Retrieved 17 August 2016
  15. ^ Associated Press (10 March 2007). "Michael Jackson greets U.S. troops in Japan". CTV News. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  16. ^ Halaby, Valerie. "Michael Jackson was long-time U.S. Military supporter". Clarity Digital Group LLC. Archived from the original on 7 August 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  17. ^ U.S. Army 1st Corps HQs in Zama 20 December 2007 Retrieved 16 August 2007
  18. ^ Reed, Charlie, "Military wraps up first round of departures from Japan", Stars and Stripes, 25 March 2011, retrieved 28 March 2011.
  19. ^ Police are alerted after handgun disappears off desk at Camp Zama 30 March 2013 Japan Times Retrieved 16 August 2016
  20. ^ UMUC Asia Retrieved 17 August 2016
  21. ^ John O. Arnn Elementary School - About Our School Retrieved 17 August 2016
  22. ^ Slavin, Erik, "Zama American at risk of losing school accreditation after scathing independent report", Stars and Stripes, 6 June 2012
  23. ^ Hoff, Charly, "Former Zama American High School teacher returns as new Principal", [DoDEA Pacific Press Release, 11 May 2012
  24. ^ Slavin, Erik, "With its accreditation status on probation, Zama eyes fresh start", Stars and Stripes, 26 August 2012
  25. ^ DODEA boss: ‘F’ grade for Zama too harsh; it’s a ‘D-' 8 June 2012 Stars and Stripes Retrieved 17 August 2016
  26. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 August 2016. Retrieved 2016-03-02.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]