Campanula americana

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American bellflower
Campanula americana3737869481.jpg
American Bellflower and Sweat Bee DSC 0055.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Campanulaceae
Genus: Campanula
Species: C. americana
Binomial name
Campanula americana
L.
Synonyms[1]

Campanula americana, the American bellflower,[2] is a tall bellflower native to eastern North America from the Great Lakes region south to Florida and from the Dakotas east to New York. This native plant is an annual or biennial from 2-6' tall.[3] Its flowers are light blue to violet and are usually arranged in elongated clusters. It is an unusual bellflower in that its flowers are usually flat and not bell-shaped. It has a varying life-history with seeds germinating in the fall producing annual plants and spring-germinating seeds producing biennial plants. It is generally insect-pollinated, and does not usually self-pollinate.[4]

Some authorities, including the USDA Plants database [5] consider the name Campanulastrum americanum to be the valid and correct name for this species.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List, Campanula americana L.
  2. ^ "Taxon: Campanula americana". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area. Retrieved 2007-10-29. 
  3. ^ "American Bellflower Wildflowers". 
  4. ^ Galloway, L. F.; J. R. Etterson (2005). "Population differentiation and hybrid success in Campanula americana: geography and genome size". Journal of Evolutionary Biology. European Society for Evolutionary Biology. 18 (1): 81–89. doi:10.1111/j.1420-9101.2004.00801.x. PMID 15669963. 
  5. ^ "PLANTS Profile for Campanulastrum americanum". USDA Plants Database. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2013-06-11. 

External links[edit]