Campanula portenschlagiana

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Campanula portenschlagiana
Campanula portenschlagiana A.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Campanulaceae
Genus: Campanula
Species: C. portenschlagiana
Binomial name
Campanula portenschlagiana
Roem. & Schult.[1]

Campanula portenschlagiana syn. C. muralis, is a species of flowering plant in the family Campanulaceae, native to the Dalmatian Mountains in Croatia. It is a vigorous, low-growing, mound-forming evergreen perennial with deep purple flowers in summer.[2] Common names include Dalmatian bellflower, Adria bellflower and wall bellflower.

Description[edit]

The plant forms a mat of foliage about 10 cm (4 in) high and 50 cm (20 in) or more wide, with many heart- or kidney-shaped leaves. Deep purple or blue, funnel-shaped, 5-petalled flowers, 2 cm long, are borne in profusion, completely covering the plant from mid- to late summer.[2]

Flowers may be pollinated by beetles, flies, bees and butterflies, but are also capable of self-pollinating.

The Latin specific epithet portenschlagiana commemorates the Austrian naturalist Franz von Portenschlag-Leydermayer (1772–1822).[3]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

C. portenschlagiana is an alpine plant requiring sharp drainage, so is suitable for an alpine garden, rock garden, or as groundcover, in sun or partial shade.[4] Given suitable conditions, it will rapidly colonise cracks and crevices in walls and pavements. It is hardy at least to USDA hardiness zone 4 (−30 °F or −34 °C).

This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Campanula portenschlagiana". International Plant Names Index (IPNI). Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  2. ^ a b RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  3. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315. 
  4. ^ "BBC Plant finder - Dalmatian bellflower". Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Campanula portenschlagiana". Retrieved 24 June 2013. 

External links[edit]