Campbell's Kingdom

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Campbell's Kingdom
Film poster with a huge Dirk Bogarde head in the background, looking upwards and resembling the Mount Rushmore heads, a kissing couple in the right foreground, and people running from a bursting dam in the left foreground.
Original British film poster
Directed by Ralph Thomas
Produced by Betty Box
Screenplay by Robin Estridge
Based on Campbell's Kingdom
by Hammond Innes
Starring Dirk Bogarde
Stanley Baker
Michael Craig
Barbara Murray
Music by Muir Mathieson
Cinematography Ernest Steward
Edited by Frederick Wilson
Production
company
Release date
  • 3 September 1957 (1957-09-03) (UK)
  • 9 January 1960 (1960-01-09) (US)
Running time
102 minutes
Country United Kingdom
Language English

Campbell's Kingdom is a 1957 British adventure film directed by Ralph Thomas, based on the 1952 novel of the same name by Hammond Innes. The film stars Dirk Bogarde and Stanley Baker, with Michael Craig, Barbara Murray, James Robertson Justice and Sid James in support. The story is set in Alberta, Canada, and largely follows the principles of the Northwestern genre of film-making.

Plot[edit]

Recently diagnosed with a terminal disease, Bruce Campbell (Dirk Bogarde) unexpectedly finds himself the owner of a small valley in the Canadian Rocky Mountains as the result of a bequest from his grandfather.[1] After travelling from England, Bruce arrives at "Campbell's Kingdom" (as the locals disparagingly call it) to find its existence under threat from the construction of a new hydroelectricity dam. Convinced that his grandfather was right and that the Kingdom may be prospective for oil, the race is on to prove that there is oil under Campbell's Kingdom before the mining company building the dam can flood the valley. Standing in his way is corrupt construction contractor Owen Morgan (Stanley Baker), who resorts to dirty tricks in order to prevent Campbell from succeeding in his quest. However, Bruce is ably and enthusiastically assisted by love interest Jean Lucas (Barbara Murray), geologist Boy Bladen (Michael Craig) and drilling contractor James MacDonald (James Robertson Justice). Unfortunately for Campbell the residents of the nearby town of Come Lucky invested heavily in his grandfather's schemes, only to feel cheated when his projects came to nothing. Gradually Bruce manages to turn them around by exposing the fraud and lies of Morgan and the mining company.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Hammond Innes' novel was published in 1952 and was based on the Canadian oil boom of the late 1940s. Innes researched the novel extensively and it was a best seller.[2]

The story was serialised as Nothing to Lose. Film rights were purchased prior to the novel's publication by the producing-directing team of Betty Box and Ralph Thomas, who had just made The Venetian Bird. Location scouting for the film began in August 1952, with Box and Thomas touring the Canadian Rockies.[3][4][5]

"That serial title refers to the hero's special armour," said Ralph Thomas. "He's a young Canadian whose friends help him strike oil on a piece of land willed by his grandfather to disprove the general belief that the old man was unhinged. And he happens to be fatally stricken. He's a dying man."[6]

"There's quite a bit of room for suspense," said Betty Box. "For one thing a big oil company is obstructing him. Our climax will have the gusher flooded by a break in a huge dam. With an ingenious twist."[6]

Eric Ambler was assigned to write the script.[7] In 1954 Jack Hawkins and Shelley Winters were mentioned as possible stars.[8]

However, because it was an expensive project the film took a number of years to be financed. Box and Thomas had a major box office hit in Doctor in the House (1954) which turned Dirk Bogarde into a star. Bogarde was ideal casting for Campbell's Kingdom and he became attached to the project. The film was almost made after Doctor at Sea when there was a financial crisis in the British film industry and Rank requested Box, Thomas and Bogarde make a third "Doctor" film, Doctor at Large, instead. While this was done, Box, Ambler and Innes worked on the script to reduce the budget.[9]

The tremendous success of Doctor at Large led to Rank financing Campbell's Kingdom. "We'd all earned a change of subject, we felt," wrote Box later.[10]

The film would be one of a number of films made by the Rank Organisation in the 1950s to appeal to the international market. They tended to be adventure films shot on location overseas in colour based on some best selling novel. Other examples include Windom's Way, Robbery Under Arms, The Wind Cannot Read, Nor the Moon by Night and Ferry to Hong Kong.[11]

Box said Eric Ambler had a very different approach to writing to Hammond Innes. "Innes was a writer who spent as much time researching his books as he did writing them," she wrote. "Eric's books depend much more on characterisation, motivation and ideologies rather than realistic documentation. I remember him telling me that he hadn't even visited most of the countries he wrote about, and I sensed that he wasn't entirely happy working on Campbell's Kingdom."[12] Another writer, Robin Estridge, was hired to work on the script.

Ray Milland had tried to buy the rights to the novel. He offered to play the role of Campbell for no cash payment and a percentage of the profits, but Rank cast Bogarde.[13]

Although the story is set in Alberta, it was too expensive to film there. Box wrote, "In those days dollars were very scarce, the Treasury didn't want to know and by shooting in Europe we would save a considerable amount of money that would have been spent in transporting people and equipment across the Atlantic and on to the foothills of the Rockies."[14] The landscape exteriors were shot in the Italian Dolomites and the rest was shot at Pinewood Studios outside London.[1][15][16]

Betty Box says three of the cast brought their wives on location to Italy - Michael Craig, Stanley Baker and Sid James - and all three were pregnant.[17]

Reception[edit]

Box Office[edit]

Box later wrote that the film "was released during one of Britain's worst flu epidemics - Asian flu - which didn't help at the box office" but that "overseas the movie was successful. We even sold it to the Russians. It took me an hour or two to work that one out... The dam bursts because the wicket capitalists in Canada use cheap cement!"[18]

Awards[edit]

Dirk Bogard won the Picturegoer Award for Best Actor for the film.

The film was released in the US in 1960.

Contemporary Reputation[edit]

Richard Gregson, film producer, agent and brother of actor Michael Craig, later gave Campbell's Kingdom as an example of the output of Rank under Sir John Davis in the late 50s:

Those awful middle class pictures that had no meaning for anyone, because somehow he couldn't come to terms with the fact that the vast majority of people in this country were lower middle class and working class people. So all those boring tales like Campbell's Kingdom had nothing to do with real life. If you are clever enough as Korda and Balcon were, you can get away with it, but Davis wasn't. It was very square entertainment.[19]

BFI Screenonline said Campbell's Kingdom, along with later Bogarde-Box-Thomas adventure films such as The Wind Cannot Read and The High Bright Sun "could have benefited from a more conventionally rugged leading man" than Bogarde.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Weiler, A.H. (11 January 1960). "Movie Review - Campbell's Kingdom". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-05.  (Registration required.)
  2. ^ "Hammond Innes Makes A Fortune From Writing Thrillers". The Sunday Herald (Sydney) (216). New South Wales, Australia. 15 March 1953. p. 13. Retrieved 13 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  3. ^ "Round the studios". The Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1954). Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia. 20 September 1952. p. 7 Supplement: SUNDAY MAGAZINE. Retrieved 31 October 2015. 
  4. ^ "FILM LOCATIONS CHOSEN BY U.K. WOMAN". The Dubbo Liberal And Macquarie Advocate. 41, (599). New South Wales, Australia. 9 December 1952. p. 4. Retrieved 13 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  5. ^ Canada Film Location Inspected New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 28 Aug 1952: 21.
  6. ^ a b BY WAY OF REPORT: Box -- Thomas Activities -- Cinema 16 Plans -- By HOWARD THOMPSON. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 14 Sep 1952: X5.
  7. ^ OBSERVATIONS ON LONDON FILM SCENE: Economic Appraisal -Miss Shearer to Date -- Pioneer Epitaph By STEPHEN WATTS LONDON.. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 22 Feb 1953: X5.
  8. ^ "MAGAZINE". The Age (31,069). Victoria, Australia. 30 November 1954. p. 9. Retrieved 13 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  9. ^ Box p 146
  10. ^ Box p 147
  11. ^ M. Chevalier Young at 69: Boulevardier Still in Demand; Rank Organization Flourishes Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 18 Feb 1958: A7.
  12. ^ Box p 148
  13. ^ Box p 154
  14. ^ Box p 150
  15. ^ IMDb: Locations for Campbell's Kingdom Retrieved 2012-11-21
  16. ^ British Cinema of the 1950s: The Decline of Deference by Sue Harper, Vincent Porter Oxford University Press, 2003 p 53
  17. ^ Box p 156
  18. ^ Box p 166
  19. ^ Brian McFarlane, An Autobiography of British Cinema p 250
  20. ^ Ralph Thomas at BFI Screenonline
  • Box, Betty, Lifting the Lid, The Book Guild, 2000

External links[edit]