Campeonato Nacional (Chile)

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Campeonato Nacional
Logo scotiobank.jpg
Country Chile
Confederation CONMEBOL
Founded 1933
Number of teams 18
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to Primera B
Domestic cup(s) Copa Chile
International cup(s) Copa Libertadores
Copa Sudamericana
Current champions Cobresal
(2014–15 Clausura)
Most championships Colo-Colo (30 titles)
TV partners CDF
TVN
Website http://www.anfp.cl
2015–16 season

The Campeonato Nacional (English: National Championship) is the top tier league of the Chilean football league system. It is organized by the ANFP (English: National Association of Professional Football) and is ranked 25th in the IFFHS' Best Leagues of the World ranking as of 2014.[1] In 2015, the league became known as the Campeonato Scotiabank for sponsorship reasons.

Format[edit]

Resembling the competition system in most Latin American countries (such as Argentina and Mexico), the Chilean First Division is currently played by 18 teams, which play two single-round tournaments per season, with the two tournaments known as Apertura and Clausura. Chile has used this format for most of the 21st century.

From 2002 to 2012, except in 2010, a system similar to that used in Mexico was employed. The Apertura tournament was played in the first half of the calendar year (usually held between January and June), followed by the Clausura tournament (between July and December). For each Apertura and Clausura tournament, a single round-robin tournament, called the regular phase, was played first. Afterwards, a post-season play-off began, where the best eight teams in each single-round tournament eliminated each other in the knockout tournament format in two-leg aggregate score. In the 2010 season, only one championship was held due to the devastating earthquake that hit the country that February.

In 2013, Chile changed to a season spanning two calendar years. As a result, a transitional 2013 season was held in the first half of the calendar year, with only one championship awarded. With the new format beginning in 2013–14, the Apertura is now contested in the second half of the calendar year, with the Clausura following in the first half of the next calendar year. The new format retains the single round-robin schedule of the recent past, but has no play-offs; this resembles the current Argentine season structure.

The Chilean League of Football has never been regular in terms of their tournament systems. Traditionally, the League had consisted in one annual, double round-robin tournament, with the addition of a Cup, but the number of contesting teams and League format has varied throughout the years, until the adoption of the Mexican system in 2002.

Relegation and promotion[edit]

Very much like the tournament format, the relegation/promotion (to Primera B) has changed throughout the years.

Currently, the two teams with the worst scores in the complete season (including Apertura and Clausura, but excluding the play-off stage), are relegated to Primera B, and replaced by the Champions and Runners-up of this Division. There is also a Relegation Playoff Tournament, played in a home-and-away basis by the teams that finish 15º and 16° in the First Division against the teams that finish 3° and 4° in the Primera B.

Qualification for international competitions[edit]

The champions of the Apertura and Clausura of each season are immediately qualified to Copa Libertadores for the next year. The third Chilean spot in that tournament is used by the team with the highest score in the Clausura regular phase (that is, excluding the play-offs).

For the Copa Sudamericana, the qualification system changes every year. As a sample, for the 2007 season, a small tournament was played by the top four teams in the Apertura. The winners of that tournament (Colo-Colo and Audax Italiano) qualified for Copa Sudamericana 2007.

History[edit]

Professionalism[edit]

In 1933, eight big clubs at that time, namely, Unión Española, Badminton, Colo-Colo, Audax Italiano, Green Cross, Morning Star, Magallanes and Santiago National, founded the Liga Profesional de Football de Santiago (LPF) on May 31, 1933. The newly formed body was recognized by the Federación de Fútbol de Chile on June 2, 1933.[citation needed]

The first edition of professional competition was contested by the eight founding teams and was won by Magallanes after defeating Colo-Colo in a decisive match. In the following year, according to the disposition of Federación de Fútbol de Chile, Liga Profesional returned to integrate with the AFS. As part of the negotiations for reunification, four teams from AFS, namely, Ferroviarios, Carlos Walker, Deportivo Alemán, and Santiago F.C., would join the 1934 professional competition. Moreover, it was also decided that the last six teams in the 1934 competition would be eliminated to form the new second division in 1935. The title of the expanded 1934 edition was again clinched by Magallanes, which won 10 out of the 11 matches that year.[2]

Universidad de Chile and Universidad Católica entered to compete in 1938 and 1939, and obtained their first titles in 1940 and 1949, respectively.

The professional competition was confined to teams from Santiago in its first few years. The first club from another region to join the league was Santiago Wanderers in 1937. However, Wanderers would leave the league after that season, to return only in 1944 alongside Everton de Viña del Mar, their local rivals, in 1944. Everton de Viña del Mar captured the title in 1950, becoming the first national champions not coming from the capital city. Not until 1953 was a third team from outside Santiago, Rangers de Talca, admitted to the league, after they had been crowned the runners-up of the second division in 1952.

The modern format and controversy[edit]

Since 2002, the format of Primera División de México was adopted, with a short single round-robin and play-off to determine the winner, crowning two champions every year. (Apertura and Clausura tournament)

This format has been criticized by some of the teams and fans, who indicate that the champions was not always the best team of the league, since play-offs are considered a tournament on their own.[3]

Nonetheless, the leader of the league indicated that the format has managed to arouse the emotion of the matches, especially in decisive rounds, and the attendance of the matches has been increasing in recent years.

Current teams[edit]

There are currently 18 teams playing the Primera División for the 2014–15 season

Name Home city Foundation Stadium Capacity
Antofagasta Antofagasta May 14, 1966 Bicentenario Calvo y Bascuñán 21,178
Audax Italiano Santiago (La Florida) November 30, 1910 Bicentenario de La Florida 12,000
Barnechea Santiago (Lo Barnechea) December 23, 1929 San Carlos de Apoquindo 16,000
Cobreloa Calama January 7, 1977 Municipal de Calama 13,000
Cobresal El Salvador May 5, 1979 El Cobre 15,000
Colo-Colo Santiago (Macul) April 19, 1925 Monumental David Arellano 47,000
Huachipato Talcahuano June 7, 1947 CAP 10,500
Iquique Iquique May 21, 1978 Tierra de Campeones 9,500
Ñublense Chillán August 20, 1916 Bicentenario Nelson Oyarzún 12,000
O'Higgins Rancagua April 7, 1955 El Teniente 14,450
Palestino Santiago (La Cisterna) August 20, 1920 Municipal de La Cisterna 12,000
San Marcos Arica February 14, 1978 Carlos Dittborn 14,373
Santiago Wanderers Valparaíso August 15, 1892 Elías Figueroa 18,500
Unión Española Santiago (Independencia) May 18, 1897 Santa Laura Universidad-SEK 22,000
Unión La Calera La Calera January 26, 1954 Municipal Nicolás Chahuán 10,000
Universidad Católica Santiago (Las Condes) April 21, 1937 San Carlos de Apoquindo 20,000
Universidad de Chile Santiago (Ñuñoa) May 24, 1927 Nacional 48,665
Universidad de Concepción Concepción August 8, 1994 Municipal de Concepción 29,000

List of seasons[edit]

Season Champion Runner-up Leading goalscorer(s)[4]
1933 Magallanes Colo-Colo Chile Luis Carvallo (Colo-Colo; 9 goals)
1934 Magallanes Audax Italiano Chile Carlos Giuduce (Audax Italiano; 19 goals)
1935 Magallanes Audax Italiano Chile Aurelio Domínguez (Colo-Colo; 12 goals)
Chile Guillermo Ogaz (Magallanes; 12 goals)
1936 Audax Italiano Magallanes Costa Rica Hernán Bolaños (Audax Italiano; 14 goals)
1937 Colo-Colo Magallanes Costa Rica Hernán Bolaños (Audax Italiano; 16 goals)
1938 Magallanes Audax Italiano Chile Gustavo Pizarro (Badminton; 17 goals)
1939 Colo-Colo Santiago Morning Chile Alfonso Domínguez (Colo-Colo; 32 goals)
1940 Universidad de Chile Audax Italiano Chile Victor Alonso (Universidad de Chile; 20 goals)
Chile Pedro Valenzuela (Magallanes; 20 goals)
1941 Colo-Colo Santiago Morning Argentina José Profetta (Santiago National; 19 goals)
1942 Santiago Morning Magallanes Chile Domingo Romo (Santiago Morning; 16 goals)
1943 Unión Española Colo-Colo Chile Luis Machuca (Unión Española; 17 goals)
Chile Victor Mancilla Universidad Católica (17 goals)
1944 Colo-Colo Audax Italiano Chile Juan Alcantara (Audax Italiano; 19 goals)
Chile Alfonso Domínguez (Colo-Colo; 19 goals)
1945 Green Cross Unión Española Uruguay Ubaldo Cruche (Universidad de Chile; 17 goals)
Argentina Hugo Giorgi (Audax Italiano; 17 goals)
Argentina Juan Zarate (Green Cross; 17 goals)
1946 Audax Italiano Magallanes Uruguay Ubaldo Cruche (Universidad de Chile; 25 goals)
1947 Colo-Colo Audax Italiano Chile Apolonides Vera (Santiago National; 17 goals)
1948 Audax Italiano Unión Española Argentina Juan Zarate (Audax Italiano; 22 goals)
1949 Universidad Católica Santiago Wanderers Chile Mario Lorca (Unión Española; 20 goals)
1950 Everton Unión Española Argentina Félix Díaz (Green Cross; 21 goals)
1951 Unión Española Audax Italiano Chile Rubén Aguilera (Santiago Morning; 21 goals)
Chile Carlos Tello (Audax Italiano; 21 goals)
1952 Everton Colo-Colo Chile René Meléndez (Everton; 30 goals)
1953 Colo-Colo Palestino Chile Jorge Robledo (Colo-Colo; 26 goals)
1954 Universidad Católica Colo-Colo Chile Jorge Robledo (Colo-Colo; 25 goals)
1955 Palestino Colo-Colo Argentina Nicolás Moreno (Green Cross; 27 goals)
1956 Colo-Colo Santiago Wanderers Chile Guillermo Villarroel (O'Higgins; 19 goals)
1957 Audax Italiano Universidad de Chile Argentina Gustavo Albella (Green Cross; 27 goals)
1958 Santiago Wanderers Colo-Colo Argentina Gustavo Albella (Green Cross; 23 goals)
Chile Carlos Verdejo (La Serena; 23 goals)
1959 Universidad de Chile Colo-Colo Chile José Benito Rios (O'Higgins; 22 goals)
1960 Colo-Colo Santiago Wanderers Argentina Juan Falcon (Palestino; 21 goals)
1961 Universidad Católica Universidad de Chile Chile Carlos Campos (Universidad de Chile; 24 goals)
Chile Honorino Landa (Unión Española; 24 goals)
1962 Universidad de Chile Universidad Católica Chile Carlos Campos (Universidad de Chile; 34 goals)
1963 Colo-Colo Universidad de Chile Chile Luis Hernán Álvarez (Colo-Colo; 37 goals)
1964 Universidad de Chile Universidad Católica Chile Daniel Escudero (Everton; 25 goals)
1965 Universidad de Chile Universidad Católica Argentina Héctor Scandolli (Rangers; 25 goals)
1966 Universidad Católica Colo-Colo Chile Carlos Campos (Universidad de Chile; 21 goals)
Argentina Felipe Bracamonte (Unión San Felipe; 21 goals)
1967 Universidad de Chile Universidad Católica Paraguay Eladio Zárate (Unión Española; 28 goals)
1968 Santiago Wanderers Universidad Católica Chile Carlos Reinoso (Audax Italiano; 21 goals)
1969 Universidad de Chile Rangers Paraguay Eladio Zárate (Unión Española; 22 goals)
1970 Colo-Colo Unión Española Chile Osvaldo Castro (Deportes Concepción; 36 goals)
1971 Unión San Felipe Universidad de Chile Paraguay Eladio Zárate (Universidad de Chile; 25 goals)
1972 Colo-Colo Unión Española Chile Fernando Espinoza (Magallanes; 25 goals)
1973 Unión Española Colo-Colo Chile Guillermo Yavar (Unión Española; 21 goals)
1974 Huachipato Palestino Chile Julio Crisosto (Colo-Colo; 28 goals)
1975 Unión Española Concepción Chile Victor Pizarro (Santiago Morning; 27 goals)
1976 Everton Unión Española Argentina Chile Óscar Fabbiani (Palestino; 23 goals)
1977 Unión Española Everton Argentina Chile Óscar Fabbiani (Palestino; 34 goals)
1978 Palestino Cobreloa Argentina Chile Óscar Fabbiani (Palestino; 35 goals)
1979 Colo-Colo Cobreloa Chile Carlos Caszely (Colo-Colo; 20 goals)
1980 Cobreloa Universidad de Chile Chile Carlos Caszely (Colo-Colo; 26 goals)
1981 Colo-Colo Cobreloa Chile Victor Cabrera (San Luis; 20 goals)
Chile Carlos Caszely (Colo-Colo; 20 goals)
Chile Luis Marcoleta (Magallanes; 20 goals)
1982 Cobreloa Colo-Colo Uruguay Jorge Luis Siviero (Cobreloa; 18 goals)
1983 Colo-Colo Cobreloa Uruguay Washington Olivera (Cobreloa; 29 goals)
1984 Universidad Católica Cobresal Chile Victor Cabrera (Regional Atacama; 18 goals)
1985 Cobreloa Everton Chile Ivo Basay (Magallanes; 19 goals)
1986 Colo-Colo Palestino Chile Sergio Salgado (Cobresal; 18 goals)
1987 Universidad Católica Colo-Colo Chile Osvaldo Hurtado (Universidad Católica; 21 goals)
1988 Cobreloa Cobresal Argentina Gustavo De Luca (La Serena; 18 goals)
Peru Juan José Oré (Iquique; 18 goals)
1989 Colo-Colo Universidad Católica Chile Rubén Martínez (Cobresal; 25 goals)
1990 Colo-Colo Universidad Católica Chile Rubén Martínez (Colo-Colo; 22 goals)
1991 Colo-Colo Coquimbo Unido Chile Rubén Martínez (Colo-Colo; 23 goals)
1992 Cobreloa Colo-Colo Chile Aníbal González (Colo-Colo; 24 goals)
1993 Colo-Colo Cobreloa Chile Marco Antonio Figueroa (Cobreloa; 18 goals)
1994 Universidad de Chile Universidad Católica Argentina Alberto Acosta (Universidad Católica; 33 goals)
1995 Universidad de Chile Universidad Católica Argentina Gabriel Caballero (Deportes Antofagasta; 18 goals)
Chile Aníbal González (Palestino; 18 goals)
1996 Colo-Colo Universidad Católica Chile Mario Véner (Santiago Wanderers; 30 goals)
1997 Apertura Universidad Católica Colo-Colo Argentina David Bisconti (Universidad Católica; 15 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo Universidad Católica Paraguay Richard Báez (Universidad de Chile; 10 goals)
Chile Rubén Vallejos (Puerto Montt; 10 goals)
1998 Colo-Colo Universidad de Chile Chile Pedro González (Universidad de Chile; 23 goals)
1999 Universidad de Chile Universidad Católica Chile Mario Núñez (O'Higgins; 34 goals)
2000 Universidad de Chile Cobreloa Chile Pedro González (Universidad de Chile; 26 goals)
2001 Santiago Wanderers Universidad Católica Chile Héctor Tapia (Colo-Colo; 24 goals)
2002 Apertura Universidad Católica Rangers Chile Sebastián González (Colo-Colo; 18 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo Universidad Católica Chile Manuel Neira (Colo-Colo; 14 goals)
2003 Apertura Cobreloa Colo-Colo Paraguay Salvador Cabañas (Audax Italiano; 18 goals)
Clausura Cobreloa Colo-Colo Uruguay Gustavo Biscayzacú (Unión Española; 21 goals)
2004 Apertura Universidad de Chile Cobreloa Chile Patricio Galaz (Cobreloa; 23 goals)
Clausura Cobreloa Unión Española Chile Patricio Galaz (Cobreloa; 19 goals)
2005 Apertura Unión Española Coquimbo Unido Chile Joel Estay (Everton; 13 goals)
Chile Álvaro Sarabia (Puerto Montt; 13 goals)
Chile Héctor Mancilla (Huachipato; 13 goals)
Clausura Universidad Católica Universidad de Chile Chile Cristián Montecinos (Concepción; 13 goals)
Chile Gonzalo Fierro (Colo-Colo; 13 goals)
Chile César Díaz (Cobresal; 13 goals)
2006 Apertura Colo-Colo Universidad de Chile Chile Humberto Suazo (Colo-Colo; 19 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo Audax Italiano Chile Leonardo Monje (Universidad de Concepción; 17 goals)
2007 Apertura Colo-Colo Universidad Católica Chile Humberto Suazo (Colo-Colo; 18 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo Universidad de Concepción Chile Carlos Villanueva (Audax Italiano; 20 goals)
2008 Apertura Everton Colo-Colo Argentina Paraguay Lucas Barrios (Colo-Colo; 19 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo Palestino Argentina Paraguay Lucas Barrios (Colo-Colo; 18 goals)
2009 Apertura Universidad de Chile Unión Española Chile Esteban Paredes (Santiago Morning; 17 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo Universidad Católica Argentina Diego Rivarola (Santiago Morning; 13 goals)
2010 Universidad Católica Colo-Colo Chile Milovan Mirosevic (Universidad Católica; 19 goals)
2011 Apertura Universidad de Chile Universidad Católica Argentina Matías Urbano (Unión San Felipe; 12 goals)
Clausura Universidad de Chile Cobreloa Chile Esteban Paredes (Colo-Colo; 14 goals)
2012 Apertura Universidad de Chile O'Higgins Argentina Enzo Gutiérrez (O'Higgins; 11 goals)
Clausura Huachipato Unión Española Argentina Sebastián Sáez (Audax Italiano; 13 goals)
2013 Transición Unión Española Universidad Católica Argentina Javier Elizondo (Deportes Antofagasta; 14 goals)
Argentina Sebastián Sáez (Audax Italiano; 14 goals)
2013–14 Apertura O'Higgins Universidad Católica Argentina Luciano Vázquez (Ñublense; 11 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo Universidad Católica Chile Esteban Paredes (Colo-Colo; 16 goals)
2014–15 Apertura Universidad de Chile Santiago Wanderers Chile Esteban Paredes (Colo-Colo; 12 goals)
Clausura Cobresal Colo-Colo Chile Jean Paul Pineda (Unión La Calera; 11 goals Chile Esteban Paredes (Colo Colo; 11 goals)
2015–16 Apertura
Clausura

Source (not for goalscorers):[5]

Titles by club[edit]

Club Winners Runners-up Winning years Runners-up years
Colo-Colo 30 18 1937, 1939, 1941, 1944, 1947, 1953, 1956, 1960, 1963, 1970, 1972, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1996, 1997 Clausura, 1998, 2002 Clausura, 2006 Apertura, 2006 Clausura, 2007 Apertura, 2007 Clausura, 2008 Clausura, 2009 Clausura, 2014 Clausura 1933, 1943, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1958, 1959, 1966, 1973, 1982, 1987, 1992, 1997 Apertura, 2003 Apertura, 2003 Clausura, 2008 Apertura, 2010, 2015 Clausura
Universidad de Chile 17 8 1940, 1959, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1994, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2004 Apertura, 2009 Apertura, 2011 Apertura, 2011 Clausura, 2012 Apertura, 2014 Apertura 1957, 1961, 1963, 1971, 1980, 1998, 2005 Clausura, 2006 Apertura
Universidad Católica 10 20 1949, 1954, 1961, 1966, 1984, 1987, 1997 Apertura, 2002 Apertura, 2005 Clausura, 2010 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1989, 1990, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997 Clausura, 1999, 2001, 2002 Clausura, 2007 Apertura, 2009 Clausura, 2011 Apertura, 2013 Transición, 2013 Apertura, 2014 Clausura
Cobreloa 8 8 1980, 1982, 1985, 1988, 1992, 2003 Apertura, 2003 Clausura, 2004 Clausura 1978, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1993, 2000, 2004 Apertura, 2001 Clausura
Unión Española 7 9 1943, 1951, 1973, 1975, 1977, 2005 Apertura, 2013 Transición 1945, 1948, 1950, 1970, 1972, 1976, 2004 Clausura, 2009 Apertura, 2012 Clausura
Audax Italiano 4 8 1936, 1946, 1948, 1957 1934, 1935, 1938, 1940, 1944, 1947, 1951, 2006 Clausura
Magallanes 4 4 1933, 1934, 1935, 1938 1936, 1937, 1942, 1946
Everton 4 2 1950, 1952, 1976, 2008 Apertura 1977, 1985
Santiago Wanderers 3 4 1958, 1968, 2001 1949, 1956, 1960, 2014 Apertura
Palestino 2 4 1955, 1978 1953, 1974, 1986, 2008 Clausura
Huachipato 2 0 1974, 2012 Clausura
Santiago Morning 1 2 1942 1939, 1941
Cobresal 1 2 2015 Clausura 1984, 1988
O'Higgins 1 1 2013 Apertura 2012 Apertura
Green Cross 1 0 1945
Unión San Felipe 1 0 1971

Players[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The strongest National League in the World 2009". IFFHS. Retrieved December 22, 2010. 
  2. ^ Chilean League 1934
  3. ^ Juan Cristóbal Guarello (2008-02-28). "Las patas y el buche" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-28. 
  4. ^ Andrés, Juan Pablo (December 11, 2009). "Chile – List of Topscorers". RSSSF. 
  5. ^ Juan Pablo Andrés and Eric Boesenberg (11 December 2014). "Chile – List of Champions and Runners Up". RSSSF. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 

External links[edit]