Campile

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Campile

Ceann Poill
Village
Dunbrody Abbey lies 1 km west of Campile
Dunbrody Abbey lies 1 km west of Campile
Campile is located in Ireland
Campile
Campile
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°17′00″N 6°56′00″W / 52.283333°N 6.93333°W / 52.283333; -6.93333Coordinates: 52°17′00″N 6°56′00″W / 52.283333°N 6.93333°W / 52.283333; -6.93333
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
CountyCounty Wexford
Elevation
48 m (157 ft)
Population
 (2016)[1]
448
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-1 (IST (WEST))
Irish Grid ReferenceS726155

Campile (Irish: Ceann Phoill or Ceann Poill, meaning "head of the creek")[2][3] is a small village situated in County Wexford in the south of Ireland. It is located fourteen kilometres outside the town of New Ross. As of the 2016 census, Campile village had a population of 448 people.[1]

History[edit]

Memorial in Campile marking the bombing of the area during WW2

Archaeological evidence of ancient settlement in the area include several burnt mounds and ringforts in the neighbouring townlands of Ballyvelig, Tinnock, and Dunbrody.[4] Approximately 1 km southwest of Campile is the 12th century Dunbrody Abbey, and the 17th century bawn of the (incomplete) Dunbrody Castle.[5]

In 1798, during the United Irishmen Rebellion, a rebel camp was located on nearby Slieve Coillte hill.

During World War II, in which Ireland remained officially neutral, the German Luftwaffe bombed Campile. Three women were killed during a daylight bombing on 26 August 1940 – Mary Ellen Kent (30), her sister Catherine Kent (26), both from Terrerath, and Kathleen Hurley (27) from Garryduff.[6][7][8] Four German bombs were dropped on the creamery and restaurant sections of Shelburne Co-op, and the railway line was also targeted. The attack has never been fully explained, although some historians have suggested that it was a deliberate attack to discourage the supply of foodstuffs to wartime Britain.[9] On the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the bombing, a memorial garden was dedicated to the memory of the three women who died.[10] The local 'Harts Bar and Lounge' contains some artifacts relating to the bombing.[citation needed]

Amenities[edit]

The village has two small supermarkets, a Centra store and a Londis store. There are also two smaller local shops. The Shelbourne Co-Op, founded in 1919, still has a premises in the village albeit under the Glanbia banner. There is also a pharmacy, joinery, hardware store, filling station, take-away, soccer pitch, hair salon, community hall and two pubs. The local churches are situated in Horeswood and Ballykelly, approximately a half mile and four miles from Campile respectively. The parish school is situated in Ballyfarnogue, adjacent to the Horeswood GAA complex, two miles from the village.[citation needed]

Transport[edit]

Rail transport[edit]

Campile station closed in 2010

Campile railway station opened on 1 August 1906.[11] On 21 July 2010, Irish Rail announced that it would suspend its rail service through Campile, and this took effect after the operation of the evening train on 18 September 2010.[12] Before that date, it was served Mondays to Saturdays by one passenger train in each direction.

Bus transport[edit]

Prior to the cessation of the rail service Campile's Bus Éireann service was infrequent consisting of the commuter route between Duncannon and Waterford city via New Ross and on certain days by a cross-country bus to Wexford. After the rail service ceased, the bus service was enhanced significantly. A revised Bus Éireann route 370 service came into effect from Monday 20 September 2010.[13]

Sport[edit]

The local sports teams for Campile and the surrounding area are Campile United in soccer, who play in the Wexford soccer league, and Horeswood GAA who play in the Wexford Gaelic football and hurling leagues. Horeswood GAA have won the Wexford Senior Football Championship 4 times in 2005, 2006, 2009 and 2011.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Scoil Mhuire is situated in the townland of Ballinamona on the New Ross-Campile road. It is a central school for the parish of Sutton's, which is divided into Horeswood Parish and Ballykelly Parish. In 1979, four schools in the parish amalgamated into Scoil Mhuire. These four schools were Aclare NS, Ballykelly NS, Horeswood NS, and Killesk NS.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sapmap Area - Settlements - Campile". Census 2016. Central Statistics Office. April 2016.
  2. ^ A. D. Mills (2003). A Dictionary of British Place-Names. Oxford University Press.
  3. ^ "Ceann Poill / Campile". logainm.ie. Irish Placenames Commission. Retrieved 21 March 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ Recorded Monuments Protected Under Section 12 of the National Monuments (Amendment) Act 1994 - County Wexford (PDF). Office of Public Works. 1995. p. 39.
  5. ^ "Left Unfinished - Dunbrody Castle". theirishaesthete.com. 13 April 2020. Retrieved 10 August 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ Furlong, Nicholas (2003). A History of County Wexford. Dublin: Gill & MacMillan. p. 143. ISBN 0-7171-3461-X. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "Bombing of Campile remembered". Wexford People. 1 September 2000. Retrieved 9 May 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ "August 27th, 1940: From The Archives (reprint of article published 27 August 1940)". irishtimes.com. Irish Times. Retrieved 22 March 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ "The day Hitler's bombs brought death to a quiet Wexford village". independent.ie. Independent News & Media. 9 August 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ "Wexford village to commemorate World War II bombing". irishexaminer.com. Irish Examiner. 6 August 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ "Campile station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 7 September 2007. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ "End of the line". independent.ie. Independent News & Media. 21 September 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2020. the last ever journey of the Waterford to Rosslare train on Saturday evening [..travelled..] via Campile, Ballycullane, Wellingtonbridge, Bridgetown and Rosslare Strand, before arriving at the last stop in Rosslare Harbour CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ "Timetable - Route 370" (PDF). buseireann.ie. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 December 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links[edit]