Campingaz (pronounced as 'camping gas', from the French), formerly Camping Gaz, is a brand of compressed, mixed butane/propane gas supplied in small, lightweight, disposable cans designed for use as a fuel while camping and caravanning. The fuel gas is compressed to a liquid and sold in characteristic blue metal containers. For the larger refillable cylinders the contents are butane. The brand name is also used on appliances manufactured for use with the gas: cookers, lanterns, heaters, grills, refrigerators, etc. as well as more general camping equipment such as sleeping bags.
The Camping Gaz company was founded in France in 1949. Introducing a small, blue, refillable gas cylinder, directly fitted with special stoves and Welsbach mantle lanterns, the company rapidly expanded to foreign markets. In 1996, Camping Gaz became part of Coleman, Inc.  (now part of the Jarden Corporation). The brand name was changed to Campingaz in 1998.
Sizes and availability
The small disposable Gaz cartridges are constructed of thin metal and typically used in portable camping stoves, small cooking rings and gas lamps. Inserting an original Camping Gaz cartridge into the device pierces it and, once the appliance's valve is opened, allows the fuel gas to flow. The canisters are held in place by screwing onto the appliance, and are discarded when empty. Pierceable cartridges must be completely empty before they are removed from the appliance, otherwise the remaining gas will escape and become a fire hazard. There is also a range of "Plus" self-sealing valve-type cartridges, such as the CV 300 Plus, which can be disconnected and reconnected when not empty when they are fitted to compatible devices with the Easy Clic plus connection. This feature makes the "Plus" range more expensive than the traditional cartridges.
Larger Gaz refillable butane cylinders come in three sizes. The 901 cylinder contains 0.454 kilograms (1.00 lb) of gas in a 161 mm (6.3 in) high cylinder with a 110 mm (4.3 in) diameter, the 904 contains 1.81 kg (4.0 lb) in a 188 mm (7.4 in) high cylinder with a 202 mm (8.0 in) diameter, and the 907 (the largest commonly used size) contains 2.72 kg (6.0 lb) in a 250 mm (9.8 in) high cylinder with a 202 mm (8.0 in) diameter. They are self-resealing, so they need not be empty when disconnected. The container is fitted with an M16x1.5 internal screw thread onto which a specific Campingaz pressure regulator is connected (or on recent installations a pigtail hose leading to the regulator). This is followed by the appliance (lamp, cooker burners etc.) attached either by a short rigid pipe or a longer flexible hose. These are typically used for applicances like multi-ring cookers, gas refrigerators, grills or heaters and are frequently used in boats, caravans and motorhomes in Europe. When empty, the cylinders are reused by returning the empty container to a retail outlet where it is exchanged for a new one for the price of the fuel gas.
CV270 mass: 375g. Canister mass: 145g
CV470 mass: 640g. Canister mass: 190g
Travelling with cartridges or cylinders
- By air - compressed gas cartridges may not be taken on commercial flights
- By road - Gaz containers can safely be transported by car, but it is advisable to avoid leaving them in direct sunlight. However, the manufacturer states that since they do not explode below 87°C, they would actually be safe in a car parked in sunshine, since cars do not get any hotter than 60°C.
- By tunnel - Eurotunnel permits the transportation of Campingaz through the channel tunnel. Carriage of any form of gas through the Tunnel is subject to a maximum weight limit as detailed on the Eurotunnel website.
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- Coleman Company - parent company, which started out making lamps and camping stoves
- Calor Gas — a similar product owned by the Dutch company SHV
- EN 417
- motorcaravanning.com Neill & Dilys King (2005). "Bottled Gas or LPG". Retrieved 2006-08-01.
- Coleman EMEA (2001). "CAMPINGAZ". Retrieved 2006-08-03.
- "Campingaz history". Retrieved 2008-05-15.
- "Coleman to buy". The New York Times. 1996-02-29. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
- Coleman EMEA. "Butane Camping Gaz - 29mb - Low Pressure Calor Gas Regulator". Retrieved 2009-03-15.
- motorcaravanning.com Neill & Dilys King (2005). "European Info — assorted!". Motorhoming in Europe. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
- Campingaz official website
- Coleman Europe - corporate site for Europe
- Campingaz CV470 gas cartridge compatible appliances