Partial view of Campo Mourao
Campo Mourão Localization
|Mesoregion||Centro Ocidental Paranaense|
|• Mayor||Regina Dubay|
|• Total||292,321 sq mi (757,109 km2)|
|Elevation||2,066 ft (630 m)|
|• Density||290/sq mi (113/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC -3|
Campo Mourão is a municipality in the Brazilian state of Paraná. Its population in 2009 was 90,460 inhabitants. The people from Campo Mourão are called mourãoenses. The city is predominantly agricultural. Its main agricultural products are soybeans and corn. Campo Mourão is home to Coamo, the largest cooperative in Brazil and the third largest in the world. In recent years, the city has attracted large companies such as Colacril Paraná Ltda (largest adhesive manufacturing plant in Latin America), VRI Electronics and Frangobras (Tyson Foods of Brazil)
The region of the "Fields" bordered by the Atlantic forest and Araucaria, headquarters of the Nation Guarani, began to be visited by the Spanish Jesuits between 1524 and 1541 and by the Paulist from 1628. The region belonged to the former Spanish possession call Guairá Province, with capital in Asunción, Paraguay today. In 1765 he began to be raided by government militias in the captaincy of São Paulo, who named the valley between the wilderness and rivers Ivaí Piquiri of "Campos do Mourão" in homage to the governor of the captaincy of São Paulo, Luís António de Sousa Botelho Mourão (commonly known as Morgado de Mateus). In the 1890s the natural pasture and native vegetation of the "Campo Mourão" served as a resting spot for travelers who passed through the region, playing herds to negotiate in Mato Grosso do Sul in 1903 came and stood at "Campos do Mourão "The family of São Paulo Matheus Vieira dos Santos (better known as Tirso) Baron Portuguese Henrique Cardoso of Jesus, with his wife, Baroness Sarah Elizabeth Cardoso, and admired and prestigious family of William and Karoline Krenski, followed by Andrade, Caramel, Davanso, Rinaldo, Oliveira, Mendonça, Flores, Ribeiro Mendes and guarapuavanos Gustavo, Paulatti Peri, John Benedict, Norberto Marcondes, Jorge Walter (Russian), among other pioneers such as Barbara Louise Ferreira Tiago Hobold (me too) followed by their families Metchko, Brzezinski, Staniszewski, Hruschka, Schumoski, Zalewski, Klanke, Wronski, Slomp, Kwitshal, Behrens, Seratiuk, Almeida, Heickhoff, Lokonski and others with Germans, Ukrainians, Poles, Italians and Japanese who settled in large areas within Campos do Mourão. Campo Mourão until 1943 belonged to the Guarapuava. From that year became a district of the city of Pitanga and 10 October 1947 began to walk on his own, emancipated politically and economically by Law 02/47, passed by Governor Moses Lupion, having as its first mayor appointed 18 October 1947 José Antonio dos Santos and then Pedro Viriato de Sousa Filho, first elected mayor. Until the 1960s the city of Campo Mourão understand all the micro and 12 municipalities that were part of today to their administrative districts. In the 80s, were separated from their last two administrative districts: Luiziana Lighthouse and the West, leaving just the tutelage of his district Piquirivaí. Has its origins in ancient roads where they went flying circus and stores coming from Mato Grosso and São Paulo to destinations west of Paraná
The climate of Campo Mourão, is classified as Cfa: mesothermal humid subtropical climate, with cool summers and frequent frosts in May each year, with a tendency of concentration of rainfall during the summer months, without a dry season. The average temperature in January (the hottest month) is 22.9 °C and the coldest month (July) is 12.7 °C, with an average annual temperature of 17.2 °C, its lower temperature was -9.8 °C in 1975 with a record of moderate snow, there have been reports of snow also in 1889, 1912, 1943, 1955, 1957, 1975, 1981, 1982, 1988. Its highest temperature was 35.7 °C in 1934 and 2009 also at 35 °C. The rainfall have on average between 1,400 mm and 1,500 mm per year. The prevailing winds in the region are from the northeast quadrant, and in winter the winds blow from south and southwest.
The predominant soil is the Oxisol clay texture, deep, very fertile, and with high ability to sustain intensive agriculture.
The Township belongs to the Paraná River basin, and its most important river Rio Mourão, which crosses the city from south to north. The flow of the river, coupled with the topography of its valley, offers the greatest potential hydrodynamic City, explored with the construction of the Plant Mourão. Other major rivers: Rio Km 119 and Rio do Campo.
Campo Mourão, due to its location at a major junction of highways, receives a large flow of vehicles, especially those heading to Foz do Iguaçu, the main tourist attraction in the frontier with Argentina and Paraguay. The following highways cross the county area of Campo Mourao:
- 487 - Campo Mourão/Cruzeiro do Oeste (Boiadeira)/Guarapuava/Curitiba
- BR 158 - Campo Mourão/Peabiru - Campo Mourão/Roncador
- PR 317 - Campo Mourão/Maringá
- BR 369 - Campo Mourão/Cascavel
- BR 272 - Campo Mourão/Goioerê - Campo Mourão/Barbosa Ferraz
Campo Mourão is considered a developed city despite being predominantly agricultural. There are five institutions of higher education and an institution of professional education in the city:
- Faculdade Estadual de Ciências e Letras (Fecilcam)
- Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná (UTFPR)
- Centro Educacional Integrado - (CEI)
- Faculdade União de Campo Mourão - UNICAMPO
Estação da Luz (Luz Station)
One of the most modern cultural facilities in the city, is located in the plaza Getulio Vargas, the central area of Campo Mourão. It now houses the collection of the Municipal Public Library and Professor Egydio Martello is the headquarters of the Academy of Arts Mourãoense. Offers space for classes and art exhibitions, open free of charge.
With capacity for 470 seats is held annually the season of theater, as well as projects for youth, adults and children. Teatro de Campo Mourão has 1500 meters of built area, foyer for 100 people, stage 13 by 11 meters, dressing rooms, cenotécnica and modern system of sound and light.
Municipal Museum Deolindo Mendes Pereira
It houses the memory and history of Campo Mourão, with reports, pictures and testimonies by family members through testimonies, retraced all the aspects that influence its historical evolution.
The main sights of Campo Mourão are:
- St. Joseph Cathedral (In Portuguese: Catedral São José)
The Cathedral of St. Joseph Campo Mourão is based on the same design as the Mother Church of the Pure Heart of Mary of St. Benedict South.
- Ecological Station Savannah (In Portuguese: Estação Ecológica do Cerrado)
On 1.3 acres (5,300 m2) of conservation species are remnants of the Old Quaternary, and the Cerrado southernmost of the planet. It is considered a relic by scholars and welcomes scientists all over the world.
- Park Lake (In Portuguese: Parque do Lago)
The Municipal Park Joaquim Teodoro de Oliveira is one of the cards in the city. Has jogging track that enters the woods, playground sand, greenhouses, Scout Group Headquarters City, orchid, French Garden and a lake with several fish species.
- Blue Lake State Park (In Portuguese: Parque Estadual Lago Azul)
Biodiversity has an exuberant, a lake with 70 million cubic meters of water open to the practice of sports such as jet skiing, water skiing, boating, canoeing and recreational fishing. Moreover, it has a large forest area with summer houses. The Environmental Education Center is headquartered in this area, where he conducts lectures and accompanies visitors through the various tracks.
Carneiro no Buraco - "Gully in the Hole"
The lamb in the pit is the typical dish of Campo Mourão. The dish was created by three pioneers of the city in the early '60s, after watching a movie in which cowboys preparing food over hot coals, in a hole dug in the ground. Enio Queiroz, Joaquim Teodoro Ferreira de Oliveira and Caldas Saul, all deceased, were the pioneers in the development of delicacy. At first the dish was served only sporadically at parties of friends, in the 80s has also served when officials visited the city. A movement led by local guild of the Foul Mouth took the official dish of delicacy as in 1990 and the first Festival of the Sheep in the Hole was performed in the following year. The event is always held the second weekend of July. The National Festival of the Sheep Hole ended in turning the dish in Campo Mourão true symbol of being a very important festival, about 150,000 people annually prestige to the event, publicizing the City throughout Brazil and other countries.
Sports and Leisure
The municipality has a representative Paranaense de Futsal Championship - Gold Key. Futsal is the Campo Mourão / Fecam that this year was 13th place in the competition. The previous year, Futsal Campo Mourão won two significant titles: the South Futsal Cup and the Open Games of Paraná, which was won after fasting for 18 years. In football, a team representing the city in competition state, the Sport Club Campo Mourão, affectionately called the "Lion of the Valley" by its fans, who this year competed in the Campeonato Paranaense Second Division of professional football, being in 6th place, In last year who represented the county was the Associação Desportiva Atlética do Paraná (ADAP), who became vice-champion of Paraná in 2006. The sport of Campo Mourão, in general, has achieved significant results in Paraná, using an excellent grassroots work carried out in sports such as athletics, handball, basketball, soccer, volleyball, GR and table tennis, among others. In 2006, the city ranked eighth in JOJUPs, in Pato Branco, and fourth in the Japs, who were based in Maringá. In 2007, the official competitions were again disputed. In Paranavaí, Northwestern State Youth Games in Paraná, the city finished eighth among all participating municipalities, especially the Female Futsal team, which won the title. The Open Games of Paraná, in turn, were held in Toledo in the west of the state in its 50th edition (Historical), with the council being in sixth place overall. The Special Secretary for Sport, Recreation and Leisure Campo Mourão is Itamar Augustine Tagliari and Technical Director of the Sports Foundation of Campo Mourão (FECAM) is Karla Maria Tureck. Besides football, Campo Mourão Category b handball game was well in school in 2008, ranking 8th in the competition after eliminating Londrina and Toledo. In recent years, basketball is evolving (regarded by some as the second largest force in the form of Paraná), and peaked with the conquest of the Paranaense Championship of Basketball in 2009. The greatest ambition of the council (responsible for the team) is to enter a team in NBB. .
- "Divisão Territorial do Brasil" (in Portuguese). Divisão Territorial do Brasil e Limites Territoriais, Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). July 1, 2008. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
- "Estimativas da população para 1º de julho de 2009" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Estimativas de População, Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). August 14, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
- "Ranking decrescente do IDH-M dos municípios do Brasil" (in Portuguese). Atlas do Desenvolvimento Humano, Programa das Nações Unidas para o Desenvolvimento (PNUD). 2000. Archived from the original on October 3, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
- "Produto Interno Bruto dos Municípios 2002–2005" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). December 19, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 2, 2008. Retrieved December 17, 2009.