Fountain of Campo das Hortas
|Fountain of Campo das Hortas (Chafariz de Campo das Hortas)|
The ornate fountain of Campo das Hortas in front of the Residence Cunhas Reis
|Official name: Cruzeiro do Campo das Hortas e Cruzeiro do Campo de Santa Ana|
|Named for: Campo das Hortas|
|- elevation||175 m (574 ft)|
|Length||12.5 m (41 ft), Northwest-Southeast|
|Width||12.5 m (41 ft), Southwest-Northeast|
|- Initiated||8 March 1594|
|Easiest access||Campo das Hortas|
|Management||Instituto Gestão do Patrimonio Arquitectónico e Arqueológico|
|Operator||Câmara Municipal de Braga|
|Listing||Decree 16 June 1910; DG136, 23 June 1910|
|Wikimedia Commons: Fonte do Campo das Hortas|
This fountain is an example of the model of fountain seeded throughout the 16th and 17th century Portugal, which was first promoted in 1554 by João Lopes o Velho (the Elder) in Viana do Castelo.
On 8 March 1594, a contract was issued, by Archbishop Agostinho de Jesus for the Archdiocese of Braga, to master-mason Manuel Luis to construct a fountain in the Campo de Santa Ana. There was no indication if the project was completed within the year or pre-defined time.
By the 19th century, the fountain was relocated to the Campo das Hortas.
In 1910, the crosses of Santa Ana and Campo das Hortas were classified as one national monument. Although they were not located together, nor naturally contemporaneous, they were deemed to be constructed identically by Portuguese authorities.
Built on an octagonal base, it consists of alternating four-steps divided by green-space, with a circular tank at the top of the staircase. The circular tank is marked by a column with bowl, decorated in grotesque animals ordered by six spouts, which is repeated in the smaller bowl. From the second segment the column is decorated by three sections: the first with six figures at the spouts, the second with the coat-of-arms of Archbishop D. Baltasar Limpo, and the third a cylindrical body decorated with four rounded spirals. The top of the spire is decorated with an armillary sphere and cross in metal.
- Santos, João; Dinis, António (1998). "Chafariz do Campo das Hortas (n. PT010303520095 )" (in Portuguese). Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- IGESPAR, ed. (2012), Cruzeiro do Campo das Hortas e Cruzeiro do Campo de Santa Ana (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: IGESPAR-Instituto Gestão do Patrimonio Arquitectónico e Arqueológico, retrieved 28 May 2012
- Freitas, Bernardino Sena de (1890), Memórias de Braga (in Portuguese), 5, Braga, Portugal
- Afonso, José Ferrão (1997), "Manuel Luis: Um contributo para o estudo de um mestre pedreiro quinhentista", Museu (in Portuguese) (6), Porto, Portugal, pp. 7–45
- Nota Geral (in Portuguese) (Fólios 49-51) (1ª Série, Livro 85 ed.), Braga, Portugal: Arquivo Distrital de Braga