Cru (Christian organization)
|Founder||Bill Bright and Vonette Bright|
|Type||Non-profit 501(c)3 organization|
|Mission||Evangelistic Christian community|
|Campus Crusade for Christ International|
Cru (known as Campus Crusade for Christ until 2011) is an interdenominational evangelical Christian organization. It was founded in 1951 at the University of California, Los Angeles by Bill Bright as a ministry for university students. Since then Cru has since expanded its focus to include adult professionals, athletes and high school students. In 2011 Cru had 25,000 missionaries in 191 countries.
In 2011, Campus Crusade for Christ in the United States changed its name to Cru, a shortening of "Crusade", since many members already refer to it as Cru for short, and also due partially to avoiding the negative connotation of crusade from the historical, bloody Crusades (particularly to Muslim communities) and that much of the organization's work was no longer limited to college campuses.
1974: EXPLO '74 premiers in Seoul, Korea, training 300,000 in evangelism and discipleship.
2001: Bill Bright stepped down as leader of the organization and Rev. Steve Douglass would become president.
On July 19, 2011, it was announced that Campus Crusade for Christ in the United States was changing its name to Cru in order to overcome existing barriers and perceptions inherent in the original name.
Cru has active communities on 1,740 college and university campuses.
Athletes in Action
Athletes in Action works with athletes and coaches who compete at both the collegiate and professional level to use the platform of sport to help people around the world with questions of faith.
Among the events sponsored by Athletes in Action is the NFL-sanctioned Super Bowl Breakfast which features the presentation of the Bart Starr Award "to honor the NFL player who best exemplifies outstanding character and leadership in the home, on the field and in the community."
In 1976, Cru began providing premarital and marriage seminars for its staff members and opened them to the public in 1978. Since 1976 more than 1.5 million people have attended marriage conferences. Today, approximately 100 "Weekend to Remember" conferences are held annually in almost every major city in America. FamilyLife offers multiple resources like The Art of Marriage, Stepping Up, LifeReady Woman, HomeBuilders Couples Series, HomeBuilders Parenting Series, Resurrection Eggs, and What God Wants for Christmas.
FamilyLife president Dennis Rainey hosts the daily FamilyLife Today radio broadcast.
Cru's inner city ministry (formerly known as Here's Life Inner City) currently trains and equips churches in 17 cities to meet immediate physical needs, while also providing long-term development programs such as Holistic Hardware for life skills and WorkNet for career preparedness.
In 1964, Josh McDowell became a traveling representative of Cru addressing campus groups about the Christian faith. Over the years his ministry has focused on Christian apologetics, youth issues such as relationships and sexuality, and international humanitarian aid.
McDowell's writings have concentrated on addressing challenges to belief, questions posed by non-Christians, doubts about faith, and non-Christian religions. World Magazine included McDowell's "Evidence That Demands a Verdict" in its list of the top 100 books from the twentieth century.
Global Aid Network (GAiN)
Global Aid Network (GAiN) is the humanitarian aid arm of Cru.
The Jesus Film Project
The Jesus Film Project started in 1981 to translate the Hollywood film Jesus into other languages so that it could be shown by missionaries to peoples around the world in their native languages.
The origins of The Jesus Film Project date back to 1945 when a young businessman named Bill Bright wanted to privately finance a film about the life of Jesus Christ that was entertaining, biblically accurate, and which could be translated into non-English languages. Rather than making a film at that time, Bright went on to found a Christian ministry to reach college students called Campus Crusade for Christ in 1951.
In 1976, with Cru's influence spreading beyond college campuses to sports, the marketplace and other aspects of society, Bright turned his attention once again to filmmaking. Hollywood producer John Heyman approached Bright to fund a project to put the entire Bible on film. The project would eventually be scaled back to just one book of the Bible, the Gospel of Luke, and be financed primarily by Campus Crusade supporters Bunker and Caroline Hunt for a sum of US$6 million.
A team of 500 scholars and leaders from secular and Christian organizations began to research historical elements for a film about Jesus. Filming took place over the course of several months throughout the Middle East.
Distribution in the United States has included direct mail campaigns sponsored by churches to deliver a copy of the film to every address in select zip codes across the country.
Project leaders claim that it has been viewed over 5 billion times by over 3 billion people. This claim has been greeted with skepticism by an evangelical leader. Vinay Samuel, former executive director of the International Fellowship of Evangelical Mission Theologians has said: "These numbers are, to say the least, not gathered in a social-scientific way," and that "They have no way of knowing this."
- Charter member of the Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability .
- Ranks #107 in fundraising efficiency among the top 200 U.S. charitable organizations, according to Forbes magazine (2007). Ninety-three percent of its funds go directly to programming, and 7% to overhead expenses.
- The top salary for any Campus Crusade employee was $164,206 in the fiscal year ending 2011.
- In 1995, Campus Crusade for Christ was named the largest religious charity in the United States by U.S. News and World Report, with total annual income of $189 million.
- In 2008, Chronicle of Philanthropy ranks Campus Crusade for Christ No. 23 in private funding in its "Chronicle of Philanthropy 400," with annual giving of $514 million.
- In 2012, Forbes ranked it #19 in its list of the largest charities in the United States, with a total revenue of $519 million.
Cru Around the World
Cru operates under various names around the world:
- Africa (southeast) - Life Ministry
- Africa (English-speaking west Africa) - Great Commission Ministry
- Australia - Campus Crusade for Christ Australia
- Brazil - Movimento Estudantil Alfa e Ômega
- Canada - Power to Change Ministries
- Central America - Vida Estudiantil
- Europe - Agape Europe
- Indonesia - Lembaga Pelayanan Mahasiswa Indonesia (LPMI)
- Korea - Korea Campus Crusade for Christ
- New Zealand - Tandem Ministries
- Post-Soviet European countries - "New Life"
- Singapore - Cru
- United Kingdom - Agapé
- United States - Cru
- Turner, John G. (2008). Bill Bright and Campus Crusade for Christ : the renewal of evangelicalism in postwar America. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 978-0-8078-3185-4.
- College religious organizations
- InterVarsity Christian Fellowship
- Fellowship of Christian Athletes
- Secular Student Alliance
- "William R. Bright, 81, Founder Of Campus Crusade for Christ". New York Times. July 22, 2003..
- Laurie Goodstein (July 20, 2011). "Campus Crusade for Christ Is Renamed". New York Times..
- John Dart (September 7, 1989). "Campus Crusade for Christ to Leave Southland Headquarters for Florida". Los Angeles Times.
- "Viral evangelism; Steve Douglass describes how new media and an army of volunteers helps this evangelical organization grow globally.(Campus Crusade for Christ)(Company overview)". American Executive Magazine. July 1, 2008 – via HighBeam Business.
- GUSTAV NIEBUHR (March 7, 1996). "President of Cru Gets $1 Million Religion Prize". New York Times.
- Campus Ministry fact sheet
- Athletes in Action Web site
- Super Bowl Breakfast Official Site
- Bart Starr Award
- History of FamilyLife
- FamilyLife products
- FamilyLife Today Broadcasts
- About Cru's Inner City Ministry
- Huffington Post: Cru Inner City Helps American Children Facing Poverty
- "GAiN USA". Operation Carelift Becomes Global Aid Network (GAiN) USA. Archived from the original on December 10, 2005. Retrieved June 16, 2005.
- World Magazine Top 100 Books of the Twentieth Century
- Jesus Film Project Fact Sheet
- Bill Bright (1970). Come Help Change the World. F. H. Revell Co. p. 143.
- Bill Bright (1970). Come Help Change the World. F. H. Revell Co. pp. 144–245.
- The Jesus Film Project History of the Film
- Internet Movie Database
- Shaila Dewan (August 16, 2005). "Putting Jesus in Every Mailbox". New York Times. Retrieved July 21, 2011.
- Franklin Foer (February 8, 2004). "’The Passion’s’ Precedent: The Most-Watched Film Ever?". New York Times. Retrieved July 21, 2011.
- "The Four Spiritual Laws". CruStore.org.
- ECFA: Cru – Campus Crusade for Christ
- "Forbes: The 200 Largest U.S. Charities". November 21, 2007. Retrieved July 5, 2008.
- "Forbes: The Largest US Charities for 2012" November 11, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
- Chronicle of Philanthropy
- The Chronicle of Philanthropy, October 30, 2008, page 10