Campus Martius Park
|Campus Martius Park|
Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument
in Campus Martius
|Type||Municipal (City of Detroit)|
|Location||Detroit, Michigan, U.S.|
|Area||1.2 acres (4,900 m2)|
|Operated by||Detroit 300 Conservancy|
|Public transit access||Cadillac Center Detroit People Mover station and QLine streetcar.|
|Cadillac Square Park|
Bagley Memorial Fountain on Cadillac Square facing Campus Martius
|Type||Municipal (City of Detroit)|
Campus Martius Park is a re-established park in Downtown Detroit, Michigan. After the fire of 1805, Campus Martius (from the Latin for Field of Mars, where Roman heroes walked) was the focal point of Judge Augustus Woodward's plans to rebuild the city. It was named for the principal square in Marietta, Ohio, the first capital of the Northwest Territories.
The park is located at the intersection of Woodward Avenue and Michigan Avenue, four blocks south of Grand Circus Park. The original park covered several acres and was a major gathering area for citizens. The park was lost in the 1900s as the city's downtown was reconfigured to accommodate increased vehicular traffic. Hart Plaza, along the riverfront, was designed to replace Campus Martius as a point of importance. But as Hart Plaza is a primarily hard-surfaced area, many residents came to lament the lack of true park space in the city's downtown area. This led to calls to rebuild Campus Martius, the site of the Civil War-era Michigan Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument, located across from the new Compuware Headquarters.
The park is also where the point of origin of Detroit's coordinate system is located. Seven miles (11 km) north of this point is Seven Mile Road; eight miles (13 km) north is Eight Mile Road, and so on. The point of origin is marked by a medallion embedded in the stone walkway. It is situated in the western point of the diamond surrounding the Woodward Fountain, just in front of the park's concession building.
The new Campus Martius Park was dedicated November 19, 2004 and includes two performance stages, sculptures, public spaces and a seasonal ice skating rink. At 1.2 acres (4,900 m2), the park is smaller than its predecessor, as a full restoration of the original would have required the demolition of several buildings. However, the city increased the amount of park space in the area by constructing the new Cadillac Square Park, which opened in summer 2007, immediately to the east of Campus Martius. The park's skating rink is designed to resemble the Rockefeller Center rink in New York City but is larger in size. Since its opening the rink has been operated by Magic Ice USA, Inc. Campus Martius Park is the home of the annual Motown Winter Blast, an event that has drawn more than 450,000 people to the downtown area every year and it has become the site of the city's annual Christmas tree lighting celebration, held the Monday before Thanksgiving. Thousands come to hear Christmas music and countdown to the lighting of the city's official Christmas tree and other decorations to mark the start of the holiday season.
Cadillac Square Park
Cadillac Square Park is another re-established park in the area. It lies immediately to the east of Campus Martius Park. Until 2001, the area where the park is located was occupied by a bus transfer station constructed in the 1960s. From 1841 until 1891, Cadillac Square was the site of the Detroit Farmer's Market. The new park is site of the relocated Bagley Memorial Fountain which previously occupied a spot on Campus Martius.
In January 2008, the city of Detroit announced plans for a new Cadillac Centre, a $150 million mixed-use residential entertainment-retail complex attached to the Cadillac Tower. Designed by architect Anthony Caradonna and patterned after the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, the contemporary steel and glass 24-story skyscraper complex to be located on Campus Martius Park, was planned to begin construction in the fall of 2009, but was indefinitely postponed by the city in October of that year when the developers failed to meet key agreements with the city.
Cadillac Tower, looking up from Cadillac Square
Detroit Financial District from Campus Martius
Hard Rock Cafe in Compuware World Headquarters
- Cadillac Center Detroit People Mover station
- Detroit International Riverfront
- Grand Circus Park Historic District
- Poremba, David Lee (Sep–Oct 1999). "Detroit's Field of Mars: Campus Martius" (PDF). Michigan History Magazine. ISSN 0026-2196. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 20, 2006.
- Farmer, Silas. History of Detroit and Wayne County and Early Michigan (Detroit: S. Farmer and Co., 1890) V.1, p.74. see https://books.google.com/books?id=_Od5AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA74&dq=detroit+campus+martius+marietta&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiS65jp5vDeAhUww1kKHefCDNQQ6AEINDAC#v=onepage&q=detroit%20campus%20martius%20marietta&f=false
- "Campus Martius Park - Point of Origin medallion". campusmartiuspark.org. Retrieved 2013-12-28.
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- Louis Aguilar (February 28, 2007). "Detroit Bus Station Work Set to Start". The Detroit News. detnews.com. Retrieved January 6, 2011.[permanent dead link]
- Deeb, Ed. "Market History". Eastern Market Detroit. Archived from the original on 2013-12-01. Retrieved 2013-12-28.
- "Detroit Gets New Era in Downtown Living With Iconic $150 Million Cadillac Centre on Campus Martius Park" (Press release). Northern Group, Inc. Reuters. 6 January 2008. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- Gallagher, John (3 October 2008). "Cadillac Centre project in trouble". Detroit Free Press. freep.com. Retrieved 2013-12-28.
- Hill, Eric J. and John Gallagher (2002). AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3120-3.
- Sobocinski, Melanie Grunow (2005). Detroit and Rome: building on the past. Regents of the University of Michigan. ISBN 0-933691-09-2.
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