Campynemataceae

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Campynemataceae
Campynema lineare.jpg
Campynema lineare Labill.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Campynemataceae
Dumort.[1]
Type species
Campynema lineare
Genera
Synonyms

Campynemataceae (Campynemaceae) is a family of flowering plants. The family consists of two genera and four species[5] of perennial herbaceous plants endemic to New Caledonia and Tasmania.

Taxonomy[edit]

Originally described by Dumortier in 1829, Campynemaceae consisted of a single genus, Campynema, described by Labillardière in Tasmania in 1804. In 1893 Baillon identified a closely related genus, Campynemanthe in New Caledonia.[6] Together the two genera make up the family Campynemataceae sensu Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG), within the Liliales order.[7]

While historically, the two genera have generally been treated together, their circumscription has varied considerably. The third edition (1903) of Engler's Syllabus only included Campynema, but positioned it as Campynematoideae, a subfamily of Amaryllidaceae.[4]

Phylogeny[edit]

The synthesis of molecular data with cladistic analysis suggests that the Liliales form one of eleven orders of monocotyledons.[8] Sequencing of the rbcL and trnL-F plastid genes revealed four main Liliales lineages:[9]

  1. Liliaceae group: Liliaceae (including some former Uvulariaceae and Calochortaceae), Philesiaceae and Smilacaceae;
  2. Campynemataceae;
  3. Colchicaceae group (Colchicoid lilies): Colchicaceae (including Petermannia and Uvularia), Alstroemeriaceae and Luzuriaga;
  4. Melanthiaceae (including Trilliaceae).

This suggested that the Campynemataceae form one of seven families within the Liliales order.

Liliales

Corsiaceae



Campynemataceae


branch with 50-80% support

Melanthiaceae


branch with 50-80% support

Petermanniaceae




Colchicaceae




Luzuriagaceae



Alstroemeriaceae








Ripogonaceae



Philesiaceae





Smilacaceae



Liliaceae






References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]