Camuy, Puerto Rico

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Camuy

Municipio de Camuy
Town and Municipality
"Reflejos al atardecer" - Sector Bajuras, Camuy, Puerto Rico - panoramio.jpg
Flag of Camuy
Flag
Coat of arms of Camuy
Coat of arms
Nicknames: 
"Ciudad Romántica", "Ciudad de los Areneros", "Ciudad del Sol Taíno, "Valle de las Cavernas"
Anthem: "Pedazo de Borinquen"
Location of Camuy in Puerto Rico
Location of Camuy in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°29′02″N 66°50′42″W / 18.48389°N 66.84500°W / 18.48389; -66.84500Coordinates: 18°29′02″N 66°50′42″W / 18.48389°N 66.84500°W / 18.48389; -66.84500
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
Founded1807
Government
 • MayorEdwin García Feliciano (PNP)
 • Senatorial dist.3 - Arecibo
 • Representative dist.15
Area
 • Total61.91 sq mi (160.3 km2)
 • Land46.43 sq mi (120.3 km2)
 • Water15.49 sq mi (40.1 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total35,159
 • Density570/sq mi (220/km2)
Demonym(s)Camuyanos
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Zip code
00627
Major routesPR primary 2.svg PR secondary 119.svg PR secondary 129.svg Ellipse sign 113.svg

Camuy (Spanish pronunciation: [kaˈmwi]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico, bordering the Atlantic Ocean, north of Lares and San Sebastián; east of Quebradillas; and west of Hatillo. Camuy is spread over 12 wards and Camuy Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). The town celebrated its 200th anniversary in 2007.

Camuy is part of the "Porta Atlántico" Tourist Area.

History[edit]

Camuy also known as the Romantic City (la ciudad romántica) was founded in 1807 Petronila Matos, and formerly part of Arecibo is located in the northwestern coastal region of Puerto Rico, less than 5 minutes west of Hatillo on PR-2 and PR-119. The name Camuy is known to be derived from the Taíno language, although a number of legends give differing explanations for the origin of the name. One such legend claims the name comes from the Taíno word for "sun", another claims derivation from camuy , Taíno for "beautiful scenery", and still another states that Camuy was the name of the Taíno chief Yumac with the letters in reverse order. The "sun" legend is reflected in the coat of arms for the municipality.[2]

When after the Treaty of Paris (1898), the U.S. conducted its first census of Puerto Rico, the population of Camuy was 10,887.[3]

In its beginnings Camuy was integrated into the Partition of San Antonio de la Tuna. The "partitions" were great expanses of land that divided Puerto Rico. This region today is known as Isabela, Puerto Rico. At the time the partition covered the areas between Aguadilla and Arecibo, what is known today as the municipalities of Camuy, Hatillo, Quebradillas, Isabela, Utuado, and San Sebastián.

The population of Camuy was 35,159 at the 2010 census, and it has land area of 46.3 square miles (120 km2). The municipality is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo metropolitan area and is a popular suburb. It was named in 2015 by the U.S. Conference of Mayors as one of the most livable cities in the United States.[4]

Geography[edit]

A view from inside the Camuy River Cavern

Camuy belongs to the zone designated as the plateau of the northwest where the terrain is level and known as the Valley of Quebradillas. Towards the interior of the municipality, the topography becomes very irregular near Cibao. This strip of land, a zone of wooded hills and depressions, divides Camuy completely into two strips, north and south. The northern strip is known as Lomas de los Puertos.[5]

The Camuy River forms part of the hydrographic system with a length of 24 miles, which at one point becomes a narrow canyon that forms one of the most beautiful cave systems in the world: the Rio Camuy Caverns, first explored in 1958. The Camuy River along with the Caverns are the 3rd largest and longest underground system in the world and the river is one of the few remaining active underground rivers in the Americas, stretching for miles.

The Cibao River is also part of the system.

Luis Muñoz Marín town square

Hurricane Maria[edit]

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in Camuy with the significant amount of rainfall.[6][7]

Barrios[edit]

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Camuy is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a small barrio referred to as "el pueblo", near the center of the municipality.[8][9][10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
190010,887
191011,3424.2%
192014,22825.4%
193016,14913.5%
194018,92217.2%
195020,88610.4%
196019,739−5.5%
197019,9220.9%
198024,88424.9%
199028,91716.2%
200035,24421.9%
201035,159−0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1899 (shown as 1900)[13] 1910-1930[14]
1930-1950[15] 1960-2000[16] 2010[17]

Tourism[edit]

Camuy is known for its Parque de las Cavernas del Río Camuy (Camuy River Cave Park), a large network of natural limestone caves and underground waterways shared with nearby municipalities of Hatillo and Lares. The cave system was first documented in the 1973 book Discovery At The Rio Camuy (ISBN 0-517-50594-0) by Russell and Jeanne Gurnee. The park built around the cave system features tours of some of the caves, and is one of the most popular natural attractions in Puerto Rico. The caverns were created by the Río Camuy (Camuy River), the third longest underground river in the world.[18][19] In recognition of this, the Camuy coat of arms includes a symbol for the underground river.

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

Other places of interest of Camuy include:[18]

  • Hacienda Morell
  • Peñon Brusi Beach
  • Peñon Amador Beach (Home of the Flamingo)
  • Rio Camuy Cave Park
  • Paseo Tablado del Río Camuy (Boardwalk)
  • Ernesto Memorial Chapel[20]
  • Camuy History Museum

Culture[edit]

Religion[edit]

Ernesto Memorial Chapel

Camuy is first and foremost Catholic but there are other religions present in the town, including Protestant denominations such as the Pentecostals, Presbyterians, Methodists, and others. There are four Roman Catholic Parishes in Camuy:

  • The San Jose Parish named after the patron of the town and located in the town square, Saint Joseph
  • The Miraculous Medal (also known as "El Calvario"), in Piedra Gorda
  • The Assumption of Mary, located in Quebrada
  • Our Lady of Montserrate, located at Soller near the municipality of Quebradillas
  • The Ernesto Memorial Chapel, a Methodist church also known as Iglesia de Piedra (Church of Stone) is famous and on the National Register of Historic Places, because it was handmade with limestones.

Sports[edit]

The town has many sports (Volleyball, Basketball, Martial Arts, Swimming etc.) but most notably are their baseball teams. Many of them are part of the little league and the intermediate system but at the top the two professional Class A and Double AA baseball teams called "Los Arenosos" (Referring to the abundance of sand from the coastline).

Festivals and Events[edit]

The patron saint of Camuy is San José. His day is celebrated on March 1. The patron saint festivities (Fiestas Patronales) are celebrated every year around the last 2 weeks of the month of March, the month of Saint Joseph. His official liturgical day is March 1. Other festivals and celebrations that take place in Camuy include:[18]

  • Velorio Tres Reyes Magos or Three Kings Celebration - January
  • Mondongazo Festival - February
  • Camuy Carnival - February
  • Balseada del Río Camuy and 5k Race - March
  • Patron Festivities San José - March
  • Reviving Our Traditions Festival -June
  • Peñon Brussi Beach Festival - July
  • Cultural Fair - November [21]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Ruins of La Central Ríollano de Camuy

Agriculture (sugarcane some time ago) and cattle and milk production.[5]

Business[edit]

There's an active manufacturing industry in the city, including companies such as Alaska based Cazador Apparel, Seamless Textiles, Hanes, Best Quality Coop and Camuy Furniture Warehouse. SNC Technical Services is another textile manufacturer in Camuy which picked up production in 2019.[22]

In terms of commercial development, several fast foods franchises, banks and stores can be found in Camuy. Two strip malls are also planned to be constructed in the city.

Tourism plays an important role in Camuy's economy due in part to the Rio Camuy Caves, and Camuy's public beaches.[5]

Special Communities Program[edit]

In 2001, law 1-2001 was passed[23] to identify communities with high levels of poverty in Puerto Rico.[24] In 2017, Governor Rosello created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program.[25][26] Of the 742 places on the list of Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods are in Camuy: Comunidad Puertos, Pueblo Norte (Calle Estrella), Pueblo Nuevo, Puente Peña (Maracayo), and Puente Pica.[27]

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. The current mayor of Camuy is Edwin García Feliciano, of the New Progressive Party (PNP). He was sworn in 2002.[18]

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district III, which is represented by two Senators. In 2008, José Emilio González Velázquez and Angel Martínez Santiago were elected as District Senators.[28]

Transportation[edit]

There are 4 bridges in Camuy.[29]

Symbols[edit]

Flag[edit]

The flag is green like the coat of arms. A white undulating band runs horizontally across and is interrupted in the middle by the figure of the Camuy sun, in this case represented by the colors yellow and black.[2]

Coat of arms[edit]

The silver-waving stripe symbolizes the Camuy River (interrupted in the center because the river goes underground for part of its trajectory). The three tower crown distinguishes Camuy as a municipality.[2]

Education[edit]

Camuy currently has 17 public schools[30] and a community college.[31]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-03-01. Retrieved 2006-07-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ a b c "Camuy Municipality Founding History and Symbols". enciclopediapr.org. Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH). Archived from the original on 2018-09-14. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  3. ^ Joseph Prentiss Sanger; Henry Gannett; Walter Francis Willcox (1900). Informe sobre el censo de Puerto Rico, 1899, United States. War Dept. Porto Rico Census Office (in Spanish). Imprenta del gobierno. p. 160.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-06-05. Retrieved 2016-05-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ a b c "Camuy Municipality General Info (Location, Square Miles, Economy and Geography)". enciclopediapr.org. Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH). Archived from the original on 2018-09-14. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  7. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  8. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  9. ^ Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  10. ^ "Map of Camuy" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-12-28.
  11. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Archived from the original on 2017-05-13. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  13. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  14. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  15. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  16. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  17. ^ Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  18. ^ a b c d "Camuy Municipality Festivals, Places, Mayor". enciclopediapr.org. Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH). Archived from the original on 2018-09-14. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-06-08. Retrieved 2010-02-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "Iglesia Cristiana Avivamiento La Piedra (The Stone Church)". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-08-04. Retrieved 2010-06-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ "Reactivan la industria textil de Puerto Rico". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 10 June 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  23. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  24. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  25. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  26. ^ "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  27. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  28. ^ Elecciones Generales 2008: Escrutinio General Archived November 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  29. ^ "Camuy Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  30. ^ "P.R. Public Schools Directory". escuelasdepr.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  31. ^ "Universal Technology College of Puerto Rico". UNITEC.

Books about Camuy[edit]

External links[edit]