Cần Thơ

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Cần Thơ

Thành phố Cần Thơ
Cần Thơ City
Cityscape of Cần Thơ
Cityscape of Cần Thơ
Nickname(s): 
"The capital of the West" (Tây Đô)
Can Tho city map
Can Tho city map
Coordinates: 10°02′N 105°47′E / 10.033°N 105.783°E / 10.033; 105.783
CountryVietnam
RegionMekong Delta
Founded1789
Area
 • Total1,408.9 km2 (544.0 sq mi)
Elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 • Total1,520,000
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+07:00 (ICT)
Postal code
90xxxx
Area codes292
Vehicle registration65
GDP (nominal)2013
 - Total3.6 billion USD
 - Per capita2,980 USD[2]
ClimateAw
Websitecantho.gov.vn
Cần Thơ
Cần Thơ (Chinese characters).svg
"Cần Thơ" in chữ Hán
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese alphabetCần Thơ
Chữ Hán芹苴

Cần Thơ (Standard Vietnamese: Vietnamese: [kə̂n tʰəː] (About this soundlisten), Southern accent: Vietnamese: [kʌŋ˨˩ tʰəː] (About this soundlisten)) is the fourth largest city in Vietnam, and the largest city in the Mekong Delta.[3][4]

It is noted for its floating market, rice paper-making village, and picturesque rural canals.[4] It had a population of 1.2 million as of 2011, it has population of 1,520,000 until June 2018[citation needed], and is located on the south bank of the Hau River, a distributary of the Mekong River. In 2007, about 50 people died when the Cần Thơ Bridge collapsed, causing Vietnam's worst engineering disaster.[5] In 2011, Can Tho International Airport opened.[6]

The city is nicknamed the "western capital" (Tây Đô), and is located 169 kilometres (105 miles) from Ho Chi Minh City.

Administrative system[edit]

The city is an independent municipality at the same level as provinces of Vietnam. It was created in the beginning of 2004 by a split of the former Cần Thơ Province into two new administrative units: Cần Thơ City and Hậu Giang Province.

Cần Thơ is subdivided into nine district-level sub-divisions:

  • 5 urban districts:
  • 4 rural districts:

They are further subdivided into five commune-level towns (or townlets), 36 communes, and 44 wards.

Ninh Kiều, which has the well-known port Ninh Kiều port, is the center district and also the most populated and wealthiest of these districts.[7]

The city borders the provinces of An Giang, Hậu Giang, Kiên Giang, Vĩnh Long and Đồng Tháp.

Transportation[edit]

Cần Thơ Bridge

Cần Thơ is connected to the rest of the country by National Route 1A and Can Tho International Airport. The city's bridge which is now completed, is the longest cable-stayed bridge in south-east Asia. The six-lane Saigon–Cần Thơ Expressway is being built in parts[clarification needed] from Hồ Chí Minh City to Mỹ Tho. The hydrofoil express boat links this city with Ho Chi Minh City.[citation needed]. There are many vehicles here such as: taxi, grab bikes, buses, van, coaches and so on.

Tourism[edit]

Nam Nhã pagoda

The Mekong Delta is considered to be the "rice basket of Vietnam", contributing more than half of the nation's rice production. People say of Cần Thơ:

Cần Thơ is famous for its floating markets, where people sell and buy things on the river, as well as the bird gardens and the port of Ninh Kiều. The city offers a wide range of tropical fruits such as pomelo, longan, jackfruit, mango, guava, banana, rambutan, mangosteen, dragon fruit and durian. The Cần Thơ City Museum has exhibits on the city's history.[8]

Tourist attractions

Cần Thơ University

Education[edit]

Academic institutions in the city are Cần Thơ University, Cần Thơ Department of Education and Training, Cần Thơ University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Tây Đô University, Nam Cần Thơ University, Cần Thơ College, College of Foreign Economic Relations – Cần Thơ Branch, Medical College, Can Tho Technical Economic College[11] and Vocational College, with its well-known College of Agriculture and Mekong Delta Rice Research Institute, Cần Thơ University of Technology[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

Cần Thơ's climate is tropical and monsoonal with two seasons: rainy, from May to November; and dry, from December to April. Average annual humidity is 83%, rainfall 1,635 mm (64 in) and temperature 27 °C (81 °F).

Climate data for Cần Thơ
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.2
(93.6)
35.2
(95.4)
38.5
(101.3)
40.0
(104)
38.3
(100.9)
37.3
(99.1)
36.8
(98.2)
35.5
(95.9)
34.8
(94.6)
35.8
(96.4)
34.2
(93.6)
34.0
(93.2)
40.0
(104)
Average high °C (°F) 30.0
(86)
30.9
(87.6)
32.5
(90.5)
33.4
(92.1)
32.9
(91.2)
31.6
(88.9)
31.1
(88)
30.7
(87.3)
30.7
(87.3)
30.5
(86.9)
30.2
(86.4)
29.3
(84.7)
31.1
(88)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.2
(77.4)
25.9
(78.6)
27.1
(80.8)
28.3
(82.9)
27.7
(81.9)
27.0
(80.6)
26.7
(80.1)
26.6
(79.9)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
26.6
(79.9)
25.4
(77.7)
26.6
(79.9)
Average low °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
22.6
(72.7)
23.7
(74.7)
24.9
(76.8)
25.0
(77)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
24.2
(75.6)
24.3
(75.7)
24.3
(75.7)
24.1
(75.4)
22.6
(72.7)
23.9
(75)
Record low °C (°F) 14.8
(58.6)
17.3
(63.1)
17.5
(63.5)
19.2
(66.6)
18.7
(65.7)
19.0
(66.2)
19.5
(67.1)
19.7
(67.5)
17.8
(64)
18.7
(65.7)
17.5
(63.5)
16.5
(61.7)
14.8
(58.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 9
(0.35)
2
(0.08)
8
(0.31)
40
(1.57)
177
(6.97)
218
(8.58)
228
(8.98)
240
(9.45)
261
(10.28)
321
(12.64)
133
(5.24)
38
(1.5)
1,674
(65.91)
Average rainy days 1.8 0.7 1.7 5.6 16.1 20.5 21.7 22.3 22.9 22.2 14.2 6.3 155.8
Average relative humidity (%) 81.6 80.1 78.3 79.3 84.3 87.0 86.7 87.5 87.9 87.1 84.9 82.8 84.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 257 246 287 262 212 176 181 175 164 177 195 228 2,561
Source: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology[12]

Economy[edit]

After 120 years of development, the city now[when?] is the delta's most important center of economics, culture, science, and technology. It has a large freshwater port and two industrial parks.[citation needed]

Cần Thơ panorama

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Can tho.jpg

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistical Handbook of Vietnam 2014 Archived 6 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine., General Statistics Office of Vietnam
  2. ^ http://bizlive.vn/kinh-te-dau-tu/can-tho-thu-nhap-binh-quan-dau-nguoi-nam-2013-dat-629-trieu-dong-57775.html
  3. ^ "Trang chu". Cổng Thông tin Điện tử thành phố Cần Thơ – CANTHO PORTAL (in Vietnamese and English). Ghi rõ nguồn "CanTho Portal" khi phát hành lại thông tin từ Portal này. 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  4. ^ a b Ron Emmons (7 February 2012). Frommer's Vietnam: with Angkor Wat. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-1-118-11997-6. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  5. ^ Jessica Rowson (3 October 2007). "50 deaths in Can Tho bridge collapse". New Civil Engineer. EMAP Ltd. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  6. ^ Emmons, p. 342.
  7. ^ SGT (13 April 2012). "Ca Ba Old House is Can Tho classic". Vietnam.net Bridge. VIETNAMNET Bridge. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  8. ^ Emmons, p. 345.
  9. ^ https://www.alotrip.com/guide-vietnam-attractions/binh-thuy-ancient-house
  10. ^ https://www.citypassguide.com/en/travel/can-tho/attractions/pagodas/phat-hoc-pagoda
  11. ^ http://www.ctec.edu.vn/ctec2013/
  12. ^ "Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction" (PDF) (in Vietnamese). Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 10°02′N 105°47′E / 10.033°N 105.783°E / 10.033; 105.783