Canada–Indonesia relations

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Canada–Indonesia relations
Map indicating locations of Canada and Indonesia



Canada–Indonesia relations refers to the bilateral relations of Canada and Republic of Indonesia. Since diplomatic relations were established back in 1952.[1] Canada have an embassy in Jakarta, while Indonesia have an embassy in Ottawa. Indonesia also has consulates in Toronto and Vancouver. Canada and Indonesia are partners in a number of multilateral organizations, such as Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the G-20, Cairns Group, and the World Trade Organization (WTO).

According to a 2013 BBC World Service Poll, 49% of Indonesians view Canada's influence positively, with 16% expressing a negative view.[2]


Indonesian Embassy in Ottawa

Indonesia-Canada diplomatic relations formally began when the two countries signed an agreement to open diplomatic missions in their respective capitals on October 9, 1952. However, relations between the two countries started in 1948, when Indonesia was struggling to gain international recognition for its independence from its former colonial power in 1945.[3] Canada, through General Andrew McNaughton as the President of the United NationsSecurity Council, managed to break the deadlock in the negotiation on resolving the conflict between Indonesia and the Netherlands that resulted in the adoption of Resolution 67/1949, which endorsed the establishment of a Tripartite Commission to hold negotiations with Indonesia and the Netherlands. The Tripartite negotiations lead to the international recognition of Indonesia’s sovereignty in December 1949. Canada also supported the development in Indonesia through the Colombo Plan during the 1950s.[3]

Development assistance[edit]

As a development partner, Canada works closely with Indonesia to support sustainable economic growth and reduce vulnerability to poverty. The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) manages Canada's bilateral program for development assistance to Indonesia.[1]


Data from the Indonesian Investment Coordinating Board shows Canadian investment in Indonesia for the period of 2005 up to 2011 consists of 37 projects worth US$ 157 Millions.[3] The major sector both by number of projects and investment value is still held by mining industry sector. The major location by number of projects remains in Java Island, but by amount of investment is located in Sulawesi.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Canada - Indonesia Relations". Government of Canada. August 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2013. 
  2. ^ 2013 World Service Poll BBC
  3. ^ a b c "Indonesia – Canada Relations". Indonesian Embassy in Canada. Retrieved 28 May 2013.