Canada–Mongolia relations

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Canada-Mongolia relations
Map indicating locations of Canada and Mongolia



Canada–Mongolia relations are foreign relations between Canada and Mongolia. Both countries established diplomatic relations on November 30, 1973. Canada has been represented in Mongolia through an embassy since 2008. Mongolia has an embassy in Ottawa, and in 2002 opened an Honorary Consulate in Toronto. Though Canada and Mongolia established diplomatic ties in 1973, ad hoc linkages and minor activities occurred between the two countries mainly through the Canada-Mongolia Society, which disbanded in 1980. When Mongolia formed a democratic government in 1991 after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Canada began to support Mongolia with donor activities through the International Development Research Centre, Canadian International Development Agency and several non-governmental organizations.[1]


The building that once housed the Canadian Consulate in Ulan Bator, Mongolia

The following events occurred starting with the establishment of diplomatic relation:[2]

  • 1973 Diplomatic relations were established
  • 2002 Honorary Consulate of Mongolia opened in Toronto
  • 2003 Honorary Consulate of Mongolia opened in Calgary, Alberta
  • 2008 Canada’s first resident Ambassador to Mongolia Anna Biolik presented her credentials to the President of Mongolia

State visits[edit]

  • 1994 - Tserenpiliyn Gombosuren, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Mongolia visited Canada.[2]
  • 2004 - Mongolian President Natsagiin Bagabandi made a 7-day official visit to Canada in 2004. After a meeting with Prime Minister Paul Martin, the leaders stated that regular Canadian-Mongolian Roundtable meetings, discussing relations between the two countries and other areas of mutual interest, should be held.[3]
  • 2010 - September visit by Mongolian Prime Minister S. Batbold to Ottawa, Toronto and Vancouver

2013 - October, Canada's Governor General David Johnston conducted a state visit to Mongolia 2014 - July, Canada's Minister of Foreign Affairs John Baird conducted an official visit to Mongolia


  • 2002 The Tourism Union of Mongolia and the UK Ecological Tourism Organization signed an agreement. It was signed by U. Damdinsuren, the president of the Tourism Union of Mongolia, and the UK ambassador, Philip Rouse.[4]


Canada is the second largest investor in Mongolia. There are 20 mining and exploration firms that as of 2008 invested approximately $400 million in Mongolia.[5] Ivanhoe Mines and Rio Tinto Group are in disagreement with Mongolia over the sharing of profits of the Oyu Tolgoi copper and gold mine.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Nelles, Wayne (December 2000). "Mongolian-Canadian Education, Training and Research Cooperation: A Brief History, 1973-2000". Canadian and International Education. 29 (2): 91. 
  2. ^ a b "Highlights in the Mongolia-Canada Relations". Mongol embassy in Ottawa. Retrieved 2009-07-16. 
  3. ^ "Canada, Mongolia to expand bilateral cooperation". Xinhuanet. 21 October 2004. Retrieved 24 March 2009. Canadian Prime Minister Paul Martinand visiting Mongolian President Natsagiin Bagabandi expressed on Wednesday their desire at a meeting to further enhance cooperationbetween the two countries. 
  4. ^ "Mongolia, UK sign tourism cooperation agreement.". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire at the BBC. 2002-08-12. Retrieved 2009-07-16. The Tourism Union of Mongolia will cooperate with the UK Ecological Tourism Organization. An agreement was signed by U. Damdinsuren, the president of the Tourism Union of Mongolia, and the UK ambassador, Philip Rouse. According to the agreement, short and... 
  5. ^ "Canada opens investment talks with Mongolia". CTV Television Network. January 9, 2008. Retrieved 2009-07-16. Canada is the second largest investor in Mongolia and the federal government estimates Canadian companies, led by more than 20 mining and exploration firms, have approximately $400 million in assets in Mongolia. 
  6. ^ "Canada, Mongolia to seek agreement to protect foreign investors". Mongolia Web. 10 January 2008. Retrieved 2009-07-16. 

External links[edit]