As NATO allies and multilateral partners, Canada and Norway have had a long history of cooperation on regional and global terror issues, such as the War in Afghanistan. Canada and Norway have had diplomatic relations for 72 years. (2014)
The very first Europeans to reach North America were Norsemen, who made at least one major effort at settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland around 1000 AD. Snorri Thorfinnsson, or Snorri Guðriðsson, was the son of Thorfinn Karlsefni and his wife Guđriđ. He is thought to be the first European baby born in North America.
On May 29, 1914, in the middle of the night, a Norwegian ship, the Storstad and Canadian Passenger liner, the RMS Empress of Ireland collided. Unfortunately, While the Storstad didn't sink, the Empress went down to the bottom of the St. Lawrence River, taking 1,012 lives with her, and 465 to survive. In the end, both parties were to blame.
During the Cold War, Canadian troops were stationed in Norway as part of the NATO alliance. The Canadian Air-Sea Transportable Brigade Group was assigned to reinforce Norway in the case of a general war in Europe.
Canada has an embassy in Oslo and a consulate in Bergen. Norway has an embassy in Ottawa and three consulates-general in Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver, as well as honorary consuls in most provincial capitals.
Both countries are full members of the Arctic Council, of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, of NATO and of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
There are 433,000 people of Norwegian descent living in Canada.