Canada has excellent relations with Romania. This is shown by strong political ties which is highlighted by the shared membership in many organizations such as Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, La Francophonie and as NATO allies.
Both countries are full members of NATO.
Joseph W. Boyle served the king and queen of Romania during the World War I, helping to protect the country from the Central Powers and to operate Romania's railways. He was awarded the special title of "Saviour of Romania" for these and many other deeds. He remained a close friend, and was at one time a possible lover of the Romanian Queen, British-born Marie of Edinburgh.
The formal Canada-Romania diplomatic relationship goes back in 1919. Formal relations were established on August 16, 1919 when the General Consulate of Romania was established in Montreal by Vasile Stoica. Prior to that, the consulate had worked without the consent of Canadian authorities. D. Constantinescu and I. Toma, the employees of the unauthorised consulate (Biroul de Pregătire a Paşapoartelor româneşti din Montreal), were arrested for this reason on August 14, 1919.
Bilateral relations at embassy level were initiated on April 3, 1967. Canada commissioned its first resident ambassador in Romania, Bruce MacGillivray Williams, in December 1967. The Embassy of Romania in Ottawa was opened in 1970. In 1991, the General Consulate of Romania started to operate in Toronto, while the General Consulate in Montreal regained its initial functions.
The Ambassador of Canada in Bucharest, Marta Moszczenska, presented her credentials on August 30, 2006. The Ambassador of Romania in Ottawa, Elena Ştefoi presented her credentials on December 13, 2005. Liviu Maior was the ambassador between 2002-2005.
On June 15, 2009, Lawrence Cannon, Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs, announced that Philippe Beaulne becomes Canadian ambassador to Romania, with concurrent accreditation to the Republic of Bulgaria, and High Commissioner to the Republic of Cyprus.
Romania is Canada's largest trading partner in Southeast Europe. The flagship project for Canada is the Cernavodă Nuclear Power Plant established with Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL). The first nuclear reactor has been in operation since 1996 and the official launch of the second nuclear reactor took place in 2007. AECL and its consortium partners have entered Romania's procurement process for the construction of reactors 3 and 4.
In 2012, bilateral trade between Canada and Romania reached (CAD) $387.5 million. The stock of Canadian investment in Romania was $273 million at the end of 2011. Canada has invested in mineral fuel exploration and automobile construction.
Bilateral treaties and agreements
- Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement, which came into effect January 1, 2005.
- Social Security Agreement was signed on November 19, 2009.
- Other treaties cover: Extradition, Foreign Investment Protection, Fisheries, Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters, Nuclear Cooperation and Trade.
- Foreign relations of Canada
- Foreign relations of Romania
- Canadians of Romanian descent
- Canada–European Union relations
- Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement
- Canadian Foreign Affairs and International Trade Office about relations with Romania
- Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Canada
- "Canada-Romania relations".