Canada–Israel Free Trade Agreement
It was signed on July 31, 1996, and came into effect on January 1, 1997. It was Canada's first free trade agreement outside of the Western Hemisphere. 80% Tariffs on most manufactured and agricultural goods were eliminated. However, CIFTA does not affect certain agriculture sectors like poultry, dairy and eggs. 
CIFTA was amended in 2002 and 2003; as of 2017 the most recent amendment was in 2015. The first amendment allows certain products like textiles to undergo some levels of processing in the United States without losing their status while in transit. The second amendment further reduced agricultural tariffs.
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CIFTA's main goals include:
- The elimination of trade barriers and tariffs
- Promotion of fair competition
- The increase of investments between the two nations
While Israel is not one of Canada's major trading partners, the Canadian government sought to put Canadian businesses on the same footing as US businesses, who were benefiting from the US-Israel Free Trade Agreement. Bilateral trade increased to $1.24 billion by 2005.
History of trade balances
|Total Canadian Exports||385,007||399,878||265,631||379,773||449,875|
|Total Canadian Imports||1,006,448||982,437||1,144,827||1,059,010||1,107,296|
Amounts in thousands of Canadian dollars.
Exploratory discussions for the modernization
There are a number of ongoing discussions for the modernization of the agreement.
- "Canada-Israel Free Trade Agreement - CIFTA". Canada Business. 2005-05-09.
- "Canada-Israel Modernized Free Trade Agreement". Global Affairs Canada (Government of Canada). 2015-07-20. Retrieved 2017-07-14.