Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) v Khosa
|Canada (Citizenship and Immigration) v. Khosa|
|Hearing: March 20, 2008
Judgment: March 6, 2009
|Full case name||Minister of Citizenship and Immigration v. Sukhvir Singh Khosa|
|Citations||2009 SCC 12,  1 SCR 339|
|Prior history||Judgment for Khosa in the Federal Court of Appeal.|
|Chief Justice: Beverley McLachlin
Puisne Justices: Michel Bastarache, Ian Binnie, Louis LeBel, Marie Deschamps, Morris Fish, Rosalie Abella, Louise Charron, Marshall Rothstein
|Majority||Binnie J., joined by McLachlin C.J. and LeBel, Abella and Charron JJ.|
|Bastarache J. took no part in the consideration or decision of the case.|
Khosa was a citizen of India who immigrated to Canada with his family in 1996 at the age of 14. He was found guilty in 2002 of criminal negligence causing death and sentenced to a conditional sentence of two years less a day. A removal order was issued for him to return to India.
Khosa appealed the order to the Immigration Appeal Division (IAD) of the Immigration and Refugee Board. The majority of the IAD denied Khosa "special relief" on humanitarian and compassionate grounds. On appeal, the Federal Court reviewed the assessment of the IAD and found it to be reasonable. That decision was then appealed to the Federal Court of Appeal which then found that the decision had not been reasonable when they denied relief and set the decision aside.
Opinion of the court
Binnie J. wrote for the majority, who found that s. 18.1 of the Federal Courts Act set out the threshold grounds which permit but do not require the court to grant relief when conducting judicial review. Binnie J. held that "whether or not the court should exercise its discretion in favour of the application will depend on the court's appreciation of the respective roles of the courts and the administration as well as the "circumstances in each case".
Applying the reasonableness standard from Dunsmuir v. New Brunswick, Binnie J. held that courts should be deferential to the IAD decisions and should not substitute its own findings. In the result, he found that the IAD decision was reasonable and restored its order.
Fish J. dissented, agreeing with the Court of Appeal that the decision was unreasonable on account of the IAD's emphasis on the specific fact that Khosa denied having engaged in street-racing, and would have granted a re-hearing in the IAD, concluding, "I agree that decisions of the IAD are entitled to deference. In my respectful view, however, deference ends where unreasonableness begins."
- Suresh v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), 2002 SCC 1
- Ahani v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), 2002 SCC 2
- Baker v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration),  2 SCR 817
- List of Supreme Court of Canada cases
- 2009 SCC 12 at para 31.
- Ibid at para 147.
- Ibid at para 160.
|This article about Canadian law is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|