Canada Business Corporations Act

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Canada Business Corporations Act
An Act respecting Canadian business corporations
Citation RSC 1985, c. C-44
Enacted by Parliament of Canada
Date assented to 24 March 1975
Date commenced 15 December 1975

The Canada Business Corporations Act ("CBCA") is an Act of the Parliament of Canada regulating Canadian business corporations. Corporations in Canada may be incorporated federally, under the CBCA, or provincially under a similar provincial law.


The Act was based on a report by a task force organized in 1967 to provide the first comprehensive review of federal corporate law since 1934.[1] It received Royal Assent on 24 March 1975,[2] and came into force on 15 December 1975.[3]

It provides the basic corporate governance framework for many small and medium-sized Canadian enterprises as well as many of the largest corporations operating in Canada. Nearly 235,000 companies are incorporated under the CBCA, including over 700 distributing or publicly held corporations. CBCA corporations make up approximately 50 percent of Canada's largest publicly traded business corporations.[4]

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Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ Berner, S.H. (1975). "Corporate Law" (PDF). Ottawa Law Review. 7 (1): 152–177. 
  2. ^ Canada Business Corporations Act, S.C. 1974-76, c. 33
  3. ^ "SI/75-134: Canada Business Corporations Act Proclaimed in Force December 15, 1975". Canada Gazette, Part II. 109 (24): 3359–3360. 24 December 1975. 
  4. ^ "Consultation on the Canada Business Corporations Act" (PDF). Ottawa: Industry Canada. 2014. 

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