Canada at the Olympics
|Canada at the Olympic Games|
Canada has sent athletes to every Winter Olympic Games and almost every Summer Olympic Games since its debut at the 1900 games with the exception of the 1980 Summer Olympics, which it boycotted. Canada has won at least one medal at every Olympics in which it has competed. The Canadian Olympic Committee (COC) is the National Olympic Committee for Canada.
Canada has hosted the Games three times.
|1976 Summer Olympics||Montreal||17 July – 1 August||92||6,028||123|
|1988 Winter Olympics||Calgary||13 – 28 February||57||1,423||46|
|2010 Winter Olympics||Vancouver||12 – 28 February||83||2,629||86|
- Medals by year
|1896 Athens||did not participate|
|1904 St. Louis||52||4||1||1||6||4|
|1932 Los Angeles||102||2||5||8||15||12|
|1968 Mexico City||138||1||3||1||5||23|
|1976 Montreal (host nation)||385||0||5||6||11||27|
|1980 Moscow||did not participate|
|1984 Los Angeles||407||10||18||16||44||6|
|2016 Rio de Janeiro||314||4||3||15||22||20|
|2020 Tokyo||Future event|
- Medals by sport
|Canoeing and kayaking (sprint)||4||10||10||24|
*One of Canada's Ice Hockey gold medals was won during the 1920 Summer Olympics. This table does not include this medal, resulting in the discrepancy between the medals by games and medals by sports tables.
Canada has never won an Olympic medal in the following current summer sports: Archery, Badminton, BMX, Canoeing and kayaking - Slalom, Fencing, Field hockey, Greco-Roman Wrestling, Handball, Indoor Volleyball, Modern pentathlon, Table tennis, and Water polo.
- Medals in Winter Games
|1928 St. Moritz||23||1||0||0||1||5|
|1932 Lake Placid||42||1||1||5||7||4|
|1948 St. Moritz||28||2||0||1||3||6|
|1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo||37||0||1||2||3||10|
|1960 Squaw Valley||44||2||1||1||4||7|
|1980 Lake Placid||59||0||1||1||2||14|
|2002 Salt Lake City||150||7||3||7||17||4|
|2018 Pyeongchang||Future event|
|2022 Beijing||Future event|
- Medals by sport
|Short track speed skating||8||11||9||28|
|Cross country skiing||2||1||0||3|
In 2012, Equestrian show jumper Ian Millar competed at his tenth Summer Olympics, tying the record for most Olympic games participated in set by Austrian sailor Hubert Raudaschl between 1964 and 1996. He has been named to eleven straight Olympic teams, but did not compete at the 1980 Summer Olympics due to the Canadian boycott. In 2008 he won his first medal, a silver medal in the team jumping event.
Clara Hughes is the first and only Olympian of any country or gender, to win multiple medals at both the Winter and the Summer Games, with two Summer and four Winter medals. Clara Hughes and Cindy Klassen hold the record for most Olympic medals won by a Canadian of either gender, with six each. Cindy Klassen holds the record for most Winter medals won by a Canadian of either gender, with six.
Catriona Le May Doan became the first Canadian to defend their gold medal at the Olympics. She repeated her gold medal in the women's 500m long track speedskating event at the 2002 Salt Lake City Olympics from the 1998 Nagano Olympics.
Alexandre Bilodeau became the first freestyle skiing gold medallist to defend his Olympic title, and first repeat gold medallist, winning the men's moguls at the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics. He became the second Canadian to defend their Olympic gold, and first man.
Trampoline gymnast Rosie MacLennan was the first Canadian to defend their gold medal in an individual sport at the Summer Olympics. She won gold both at the 2012 and 2016 Summer Games, becoming the first Olympian to defend their title in that discipline.
After captaining the women's ice hockey team to gold at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Caroline Ouellette became the first Winter Olympian of any country or gender to enter four or more career events and win gold in each. Oullette had previously won gold in ice hockey in 2002, 2006, and 2010.
Jennifer Jones skipped the Canadian women's team at the 2014 Winter Olympics to a Gold medal. She is the first ever female skip in Olympic history to be undefeated throughout the tournament. Jones, Kaitlyn Lawes, Jill Officer, Dawn McEwen and spare Kirsten Wall went unbeaten with an 11-0 record defeating China, Sweden (round-robin and finals), Great Britain (round-robin and semi-finals), Denmark, Switzerland, Japan, Russia, the United States, and Korea.
During the 2016 Summer Olympics, swimmer Penny Oleksiak became the first Canadian of either gender to win four medals in the same Summer Games and the country's youngest Olympic champion at the age of 16 with a gold in the 100 m freestyle, a silver in the 100 m butterfly, and two bronzes in the women's freestyle relays (4 × 100 m and 4 × 200 m). She became the first Olympic champion born in the 2000s. The bronze medal she captured at the women's 4 × 100 m freestyle relay a few days earlier also made her the first Olympic medalist born in the 2000s along with teammate Taylor Ruck.
Although not an Olympian, broadcaster Richard Garneau covered 23 Olympic Games, more than any other journalist in the world, starting with Rome in 1960 to London in 2012, missing only the Atlanta and Nagano Games. The International Olympic Committee awarded him posthumoustly the Pierre de Coubertin medal in recognition of his exceptional service to the Olympic movement.
Top Medal earners
- Years in bolded text are Olympics at which that competitor won a medal.
3+ Medals at one Olympics
|Edwards, PhilPhil Edwards||Athletics||1932 Summer||0||0||800 m
4×400 m relay
|Wilson, AlexAlex Wilson||Athletics||1932 Summer||0||800 m||400 m
4×400 m relay
|Tanner, ElaineElaine Tanner||Swimming||1968 Summer||0||100 m backstroke
200 m backstroke
|Davis, VictorVictor Davis||Swimming||1984 Summer||200 m breaststroke||100 m breaststroke
4×100 m medley
|Ottenbrite, AnneAnne Ottenbrite||Swimming||1984 Summer||200 m breaststroke||100 m breaststroke||4×100 m medley||3|
|Boucher, GaétanGaétan Boucher||Speed skating||1984 Winter||1000 m
|Gagnon, MarcMarc Gagnon||Short track||2002 Winter||500 m
5000 m relay
|Klassen, CindyCindy Klassen||Speed skating||2006 Winter||1500 m||1000 m
|Oleksiak, PennyPenny Oleksiak||Swimming||2016 Summer||100 m freestyle||100 m butterfly||4×100 m freestyle
4×200 m freestyle
|De Grasse, AndreAndre De Grasse||Athletics||2016 Summer||0||200 m||100 m
4×100 m relay
- List of Canadian Summer Olympics gold medalists
- List of men's Olympic ice hockey players for Canada
- Canadian Olympic stamps
- Martin Cleary (2008-08-08). "'The Olympics is not a young horse game'". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 2008-08-13.
- Doug Smith (2008-08-18). "'Canada wins silver in team show jumping'". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- Canadian Press (22 June 2012). "London 2012: Hesjedal and Hughes to lead Canadian road cycling team at London Games". Toronto Star. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Alexandre Bilodeau Wins Gold, Mikael Kingsbury Silver In Olympic Moguls At Sochi". Huffington Post. 2014-02-10.
- Eric Koreen (10 August 2012). "Catriona Le May Doan emerging as Olympic broadcasting star". National Post.
- Will Graves (2014-02-10). "Canada's Alex Bilodeau takes gold in men's moguls, first two-time freestyle Olympic champion". Associated Press. The Republic (Columbus, Indiana).
- Pete Evans (2016-08-12). "Rosie MacLennan wins gold in women's trampoline". CBC Sports.
- Nick Zaccardi (2014-02-20). "An inch to the right and we would have won the gold". NBC Olympic Talk.
- canada.com http://www.canada.com/olympics/columns/jennifer-jones-fights-for-olympic-gold-in-womens-curling-final. Retrieved 21 February 2014. Missing or empty
- Toronto Sun http://www.torontosun.com/2014/02/20/jennifer-jones-sochi-olympics-curling-canada-gold-silver. Retrieved 21 February 2014. Missing or empty
- Callum Ng (2016-08-12). "Penny Oleksiak wins gold, captures historic 4th Olympic medal". CBC Sports.
- Jesse Ferreras (2016-08-09). "Penny Oleksiak, Taylor Ruck Are First Olympic Medallists Born In The 2000s". The Huffington Post.
- COC. "Richard Garneau". Canadian Olympic Committee.