After George Hodgson won two gold medals in the 1912 Stockholm games, it would be 72 years before Alex Baumann became the second Canadian swimmer to win Olympic gold, when he won both individual medley events in world record time in the 1984 Los Angeles games. Victor Davis (1984), Anne Ottenbrite (1984) and Mark Tewksbury (1992) are the only other Canadian swimmers to win gold medals. In 2004, Canada failed to win a medal of any colour in swimming for the first time in 40 years.
Canada is not traditionally strong in athletics, but the nation has won medals in 15 of 23 games in which it has competed. Some memorable performances are the double gold by Percy Williams in the 100m and 200m in the 1928 Amsterdam games, and the gold medals won in Atlanta (1996) by Donovan Bailey in the 100m (in world record time) and by the men's 4x100m relay team.
Canada has enjoyed modest success in Olympic boxing, winning medals in eight games. Lennox Lewis won the super heavyweight gold medal in Seoul, before competing for his native Great Britain as a professional.
Canada's only gold medal in cycling was won by Lori-Ann Muenzer in Athens. Another Canadian cyclist of note is Clara Hughes, double bronze medalist in Atlanta (1996). She has also won medals in the 2002 and 2006 Winter Olympics in speed skating, and is the only Olympian to win multiple medals in both the summer and winter games.
Canada's first gold medal in equestrian events was won by the show jumping team in Mexico City. A second gold medal, and the first in an individual event, went to Eric Lamaze at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
Lacrosse was only part of the Olympic program in the 1904 and 1908 games; Canadian teams won the gold medal each time. In 1904, a second Canadian team, composed only of Mohawk Indians, also won a bronze medal.
Rowing is one of Canada's most successful sports at the summer Olympics. The pair of Marnie McBean and Kathleen Heddle won gold in both the Barcelona (1992) and Atlanta (1996) games. Canada has traditionally done well in the coxed eights event, with the men's team winning a medal 9 times and the women's team winning a medal 3 times.
Canada's most notable event in Olympic sailing competition was from the 1988 Seoul games, where Lawrence Lemieux was racing towards a certain medal finish, but stopped to help two Singaporean sailors whose boat had capsized during the race. Lemieux was later presented an award from IOC president Juan Antonio Samaranch to honor his act of bravery.
Linda Thom's gold medal in the 1984 Los Angeles games was the first summer Olympic gold medal for Canada in 16 years, having been shut out in Munich (1972) and Montreal (1976), and boycotting the Moscow (1980) games. Since her victory was unexpected, and the sport is not very popular, the event was not broadcast live and Canadian television crews had to scramble to put taped images on the air.
Canada first competed in Olympic football at the second tournament, 1904. One club team from Canada went to St. Louis to compete against two American teams, winning the gold medal. Canada's men's soccer team is considered unlikely to qualify for the Olympics. The women's national team won the bronze medal in the 2012 Olympics.
Dominique Bosshart won a bronze medal when the sport of taekwondo was introduced at the 2000 Sydney games. Karine Sergerie won silver in the 67 kilogram event, achieving Canada's best-ever finish in taekwondo at the Olympic Games.
Simon Whitfield won the gold medal when triathlon was introduced at the 2000 Sydney games. After a disappointing 11th place finish at the 2004 Athens games, Whitfield returned to take the silver medal at the 2008 Beijing games. Whitfield was nudged out at the end of the race for the gold medal.