Canadarago Lake

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Canadarago Lake
CanadaragoLakeFromDumpRd.jpg
View of Lake from Elm Street Ext, looking south
Canadarago Lake is located in New York Adirondack Park
Canadarago Lake
Canadarago Lake
Location within New York
Canadarago Lake is located in the United States
Canadarago Lake
Canadarago Lake
Canadarago Lake (the United States)
LocationOtsego County, New York
Coordinates42°49′00″N 75°00′15″W / 42.81667°N 75.00417°W / 42.81667; -75.00417Coordinates: 42°49′00″N 75°00′15″W / 42.81667°N 75.00417°W / 42.81667; -75.00417
Primary inflowsOcquionis Creek, Mink Creek, Hyder Creek, Herkimer Creek
Primary outflowsOaks Creek
Catchment area67 sq mi (170 km2)
Basin countriesUnited States
Max. length5 miles (8.0 km)
Max. width1.5 miles (2.4 km)
Surface area1,917 acres (7.76 km2)[1]
Max. depth43.96 feet (13.40 m)
Shore length110 miles (16 km)[2]
Surface elevation1,266 feet (386 m)[2]
Islands2
Deowongo Island,
Loon Island (sunken)
SettlementsRichfield Springs, Schuyler Lake
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Canadarago Lake is a 1,917-acre (7.76 km2) lake located in Otsego County, New York[1] and is the source of Oaks Creek.[3] The Village of Richfield Springs is located at the lake's northern end.[4] It is the second largest lake in Otsego County, lying to the west of and parallel to the larger Otsego Lake. The lake's name is also spelled "Candajarago Lake" or "Caniadaraga Lake".

The lake has two islands. One island is known as Deowongo Island. The island's name is said to mean, "Place of Hearing", coming from the Oneida Iroquois nation’s language, and was given to the island because of the echo that was noticeable from that body of land. The island was protected in October 2012 and is currently open for public access. The other island is Loon Island which is a sunken island that disappeared in the early 19th century.[5][6]

Bordering areas[edit]

Canadarago Lake seen from NY 28

Canadarago Lake is located at 42°48.9′N 75°00.4′W / 42.8150°N 75.0067°W / 42.8150; -75.0067. The lake runs from the Village of Richfield Springs at the north end to the community of Schuyler Lake at the south end. The lake has historically also been known as Schuyler Lake, and the community mentioned earlier still bears this name.

The northern end of the lake is in the Town of Richfield, and the southern end is in the Town of Exeter on the west and the Town of Otsego on the east.

The lake is surrounded by hills, used historically for agriculture.

Description[edit]

Deowongo Island in summer 2018

Canadarago Lake is a dimictic lake surviving a previous glacial period. The lake is also eutrophic.[7] The lake is approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) long and 1.5 miles (2.4 km) wide. There is a small island near the eastern shore called Deowongo Island.[8] The surface area is 7.6 square kilometres (1,900 acres), the maximum depth is 44 feet (13 m), and the lake watershed drains 174 square kilometres (67 sq mi). There is a sunken island on Canadarago Lake called Loon Island.[9] This island was less than an acre and stood toward the north end of the lake toward the northwest side, near the Baker’s Beach area.[5]

Ocquionis Creek and Mink Creek feed into the lake from the north, and Hyder Creek feeds into the lake from the west as well as Herkimer Creek, which enters the lake close to where Oaks Creek drains the lake. Oaks Creek drains to the south through a bog, and then flows southward for roughly 9 miles (14 km) before flowing into the Susquehanna River.[10][11][12][13]

It is geologically related to the Finger Lakes, as they were both carved by glaciers, but is not counted among them. One difference is that Canadarago Lake is situated at a higher elevation (1,266 feet [386 m])[1] than the Finger Lakes (approximately 400 feet [122 m]). Another difference is the Finger Lakes are part of the Lake Ontario watershed, and Otsego is part of the Susquehanna River watershed.[14][15]

Baker's Beach[edit]

Baker's Beach is a public picnic area that is open 11am to 7pm from July 4 through August 30 with swimming permitted when a lifeguard is on duty. It is located on the northwest side of the lake, accessed by State Route 28.[16][17]

History[edit]

In 1778, there was an event known as the Andrustown Massacre during the American Revolutionary War near Canadarago Lake. There is a marker south of Hendersonville on the road to the lake known as the “Leatherstocking Trail”, which is a reminder of this massacre.[18]

Until the early part of the 19th century, there was a second island on the lake called Loon Island. Smaller than the island that remains on Canadarago today, Loon Island was only half an acre in size. Its southern shore was marshy, but the northern end of the island (toward Richfield Springs) had trees and vegetation. In 1816..."the year without a summer", there was an early spring thaw and the streams that feed Canadarago were running high. Their water flow covered the lake ice. A north wind blew the ice pack into the southern portion of the lake. Not long after that, there was a hard freeze and the winds shifted from out of the south. The ice pack, larger than before, was sent back in the opposite direction. The saw effect took off the surface soil of the island and took down the trees and vegetation. It has been under water ever since.[5]

In 1872, a small steamboat was launched on the lake as a pleasure craft.

The remaining island on Canadarago was called Deowongo Island (De-O-Won-Go) by the Oneida Indians who lived in the area. The name is said to mean, "Place of Hearing", and was given to the island because of the echo that was noticeable from that body of land. The island was purchased from the State of New York by Daniel Wormer in 1850. Then in 2012 the island was donated by the Schoenlein family to the Otsego Land Trust making it accessible by the public.[19]

In 1902, the Southern New York Railroad, an electric railroad, was opened south of Herkimer and Mohawk to Jordanville, Richfield Springs, Canadarago Lake, Cooperstown and Oneonta. There were two stops along the lake including Canadarago Park and The Lake House.[20] Canadarago Park was located on the east shore about a mile south of The Lake House.[21]

Incompletely treated sewage from Richfield Springs was historically dumped into Oquionis Creek and then flowed into the lake which caused algae blooms. Then in 1973, tertiary treatment was started which involved phosphorus removal by alum precipitation. Improvements were within a few years.[22]

June 2006 saw massive flooding of its banks after record rainfall. Legislation to create a Canadarago Lake District was approved by the New York State Legislature in 2007 but was subsequently vetoed by Governor Eliot Spitzer.[23][24]

Fishing[edit]

One of the lake’s biggest attractions is fishing. There are many species of fish in the lake including alewife, chain pickerel, common carp, cutlip minnow, golden shiner, satinfin shiner, bridle shiner, common shiner, blackchin shiner, spottail shiner, bluntnose minnow, eastern blacknose dace, longnose dace, rudd, creek chub, fallfish, pearl dace, white sucker, creek chubsucker, shorthead redhorse, yellow bullhead, brown bullhead, banded killifish, rock bass, redbreast sunfish, pumpkinseed, bluegill, black crappie and tessellated darter, with tiger muskie, smallmouth bass, largemouth bass, black bass, yellow perch, walleye, and brown trout being the most popular to fish.[25][2][26] In recent years yellow perch and other fishing in this lake have deteriorated due to over introduction of small bait fish by NYSDEC.[27] The lake is accessed by a State-owned hard-surface boat launch on the west side off State Route 28. The lake’s Walleye population is being supplemented with approximately 40,000 Walleyes four to five inches in length (NYS Department of Environmental Conservation). They are being supplemented annually through 2016, where they will be re-evaluated and most likely stocked once every two to three years. During the summer, there are multiple bass tournaments to show off who can catch the most impressive sized bass.[28] Ice fishing is also permitted during the winter months.[2]

There are different regulations for fishing on the lake including a catch limit and season. Black Bass season goes from December 1 to the third Saturday in June and there is a limit of 5 fish per day. The walleye season goes from the first Saturday in May to March 15. In 2017, the walleye harvest limit was raised from the statewide regulation to 18 inches (46 cm) minimum size and 3 per day, as oppose to a 15 inches (38 cm) minimum size and 5 per day in most other New York lakes. The special regulation will be kept for walleye until number of age 3 is improved.[2] As for Yellow Perch, the season is open all year and a limit of 25 per day, as oppose to a limit of 50 on most other New York lakes.[29] In recent years yellow perch and other fishing in this lake have deteriorated due to over introduction of small bait fish by NYSDEC.[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Canadarago Lake". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Canadarago Lake". dec.ny.gov. Nysdec. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  3. ^ "Oaks Creek". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  4. ^ Hitton, Shanti (2018). "Tourist Attractions in Richfield Springs, New York". traveltips.usatoday.com. usatoday.com. Retrieved 4 April 2019. data
  5. ^ a b c urtz, don (2010). "Canadaragos two islands". www.rsmercury.com. mercury. Retrieved 16 April 2017. data
  6. ^ "The Lore of Sunken Island". theusgenweb.org. theusgenweb.org. 1874. Retrieved 4 April 2019. data
  7. ^ "Ecology of the Lakes of East-Central New York". Google.com/books. google.com. 1997. Retrieved 5 January 2018. data
  8. ^ "Deowongo Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2017-12-26.
  9. ^ Almena Perkins Stewart. "Chronicles of Schuyler Lake and Vicinity". theusgenweb.org. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  10. ^ "Ocquionis Creek". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
  11. ^ "Mink creek". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2017-11-25.
  12. ^ "Hyder Creek". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
  13. ^ "Herkimer Creek". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
  14. ^ NYS Department of Environmental Conservation. "Susquehanna River Watershed". Dec.ny.gov. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
  15. ^ NYS Department of Environmental Conservation. "Oswego River/Finger Lakes Watershed". Dec.ny.gov. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
  16. ^ "Baker's Beach on Canadarago Lake". thisiscooperstown.com. thisiscooperstown.com. 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2019. data
  17. ^ "Canadarago partnership to hold first public meeting". thedailystar.com. thedailystar.com. 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2019. data
  18. ^ "History of the Mohawk Valley: Gateway to the West 1614-1925 Chapter 127". www.schenectadyhistory.org. schenectadyhistory.org. Retrieved September 9, 2017.
  19. ^ "Deowongo Island now open to the public". www.coopercrier.com. Cooperstown Crier. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  20. ^ "Annual Report ..., Volume 1; Volume 21, Part 1". books.google.com. State of New York. 1903. Retrieved 18 March 2018. data
  21. ^ "Growing up near Canadarago Park". www.rsmercury.com. www.rsmercury.com. 2010. Retrieved 4 April 2019. data
  22. ^ "Limnological investigations of Canadarago Lake, Otsego County, NY-SUNY Oneonta". www.oneonta.edu. Biological Field Station. May 11, 2011. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  23. ^ "Locals still working to improve lake flooding". www.thedailystar.com. thedailystar.com. May 11, 2011. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  24. ^ "Group presents plan for Canadarago Lake". www.coopercrier.com. www.coopercrier.com. December 4, 2014. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  25. ^ Sportsman's Connection (Firm) (2004-01-01), Southeastern New York fishing map guide: includes lakes & streams for the following counties: Albany, Bronx, Columbia, Delaware, Dutchess, Greene, Kings, Montgomery, Nassau, New York, Orange, Otsego, Putnam, Queens, Rensselaer, Richmond, Rockland, Schenectady, Schoharie, Suffolk, Sullivan, Ulster, Westchester, Sportsman's Connection, ISBN 1885010648, retrieved 2018-01-23
  26. ^ "Otsego Lake is a fantastic fishery that belongs to everyone". www.thedailystar.com. www.thedailystar.com. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  27. ^ a b "Resources". canadaragolake.com. canadarago lake improvement association. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  28. ^ "Tournament Schedule". www.cooperstownbassguides.com. Susquehanna Bass Association. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  29. ^ "Fishing Regulations". canadaragolake.com. canadarago lake improvement association. Retrieved September 10, 2017.

External links[edit]