|Regions with significant populations|
|Northeast • Midwest • Southwest • Southeast|
|English (American • Canadian)
• French (Acadian • Canadian • New England)
|Roman Catholicism • Protestantism • Nonreligious|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Americans, American Canadian, Canadian, French American, French Canadian, British American, English Canadian, British, French|
Canadian Americans are American citizens or nationals who were born in and/or largely grew up in Canada, but later moved into the United States. It can also be used to refer to American-born citizens who either have parents who immigrated from Canada or have significant Canadian ancestry and/or identity. The term is particularly apt when applied or self-applied to people with strong ties to Canada, such as those who have lived a significant portion of their lives or were educated in Canada, and then relocated to the United States. To others, especially for those living in New England or the Midwest, a Canadian-American is one whose ancestors came from Canada.
The term Canadian refers to some as nationality, and to others as ethnicity. English-speaking Canadian immigrants easily integrate and assimilate into American culture and society as a result of the cultural similarities and in the vocabulary and accent in spoken English. French-speaking Canadians, because of language, culture, and religion, tend to take longer to assimilate. However, by the 3rd generation, the assimilation is complete, and the Canadian identity is more or less folklore. This took place, even though half of the population of the province of Quebec emigrated to the US between 1840 and 1930. Many New England cities formed Little Canadas, but many of these have gradually disappeared.
This cultural "invisibility" within the larger U.S. population is seen as creating stronger affinity amongst Canadians living in the U.S. than might otherwise exist. According to U.S. Census estimates the number of Americans of Canadian ancestry was around 640,000 in 2000. Some sources have cited the number to possibly be over 1,000,000.
Canadians who travel to the U.S. to escape their colder winter are known as "snowbirds". They sometimes have residences in the Southern half of the U.S. (e.g. Florida, the Carolinas, Georgia, Southern Texas, Southern California, and Arizona).
Americans of Canadian descent
- Walter Chrysler, automotive industry executive and founder of the Chrysler Corporation
- Walt Disney, animator
- Will Durant, historian and philosopher
- Thomas Edison, inventor
- Missy Franklin, Olympic gold medal-winning swimmer
- Brendan Fraser, film and stage actor
- Rene Gagnon, U.S. Marine hero
- Robert Goulet, singer and actor
- Mike Gravel, Senator from Alaska
- Phil Hendrie, radio personality and comedian
- Jimi Hendrix, musician 
- Jack Kerouac, poet and writer
- Paul LePage, Governor of Maine
- Grace Metalious, author
- Rudy Vallée, saxophone player
- Mark Wahlberg, actor
- Pamela Anderson, actress
- Paul Anka, singer-songwriter and actor
- Jim Carrey, comedian and actor
- Dayana Cadeau, Haitian-born Canadian American professional bodybuilder
- Tommy Chong, comedian, actor, writer, director, activist, and musician
- Ted Cruz, U.S. Senator from Texas since 2013; candidate for the 2016 election
- Marie Dressler, actress
- Brent Fitz, musician and multi-instrumentalist
- Michael J. Fox, actor, author, producer, and advocate
- David Frum, speechwriter and journalist
- Frank Gehry, architect
- Jennifer Granholm, 47th Governor of Michigan; served from 2003-2011
- Bret Hart, professional wrestler
- Phil Hartman, actor, comedian, screenwriter, and graphic artist
- Chris Irvine, professional wrestler known as Chris Jericho; lead singer of Fozzy
- Peter Jennings, TV journalist and anchor for ABC
- Guy Lombardo, bandleader and violinist
- Louis B. Mayer, film producer
- Eric McCormack, actor, comedian, singer, voice actor
- Burt Metcalfe, television and film producer, director, and writer
- Alanis Morissette, singer-songwriter
- James Naismith, inventor of basketball
- Catherine O'Hara, actress, writer and comedian
- Mary Pickford, actress and film executive
- Jason Priestley, actor and director
- Charles Revson, cosmetics pioneer, founder of Revlon
- Jack Scott, singer and songwriter
- Mack Sennett, film director
- William Shatner, actor, musician, singer, author, film director, spokesman and comedian
- George Beverly Shea, gospel music singer-songwriter
- Martin Short, actor, comedian, singer, voice actor
- Joe Shuster, somic book artist, co-creator of Superman
- Hank Snow, country music singer-songwriter
- Tara Strong, voice actress for various film and television series
- Daniel Thompson, inventor of the automatic bagel maker and the folding ping pong table
- Jack L. Warner, film executive
American cities founded by or named after Canadians
- Biloxi, founded by Pierre LeMoyne d'Iberville
- Bourbonnais, named after François Bourbonnais
- Dubuque, named after Julien Dubuque
- Huron, founded by John Baptiste Flemmond
- Juneau, named after Joe Juneau
- Milwaukee, founded by Solomon Juneau
- Mobile, founded by Pierre LeMoyne d'Iberville
- New Orleans, founded by Lemoyne de Bienville
- Ontario, founded by George Chaffey
- Saint Paul, first settled by Pierre Parrant
- Vincennes, founded by François-Marie Bissot
Canadian American Day
The Connecticut State Senate unanimously passed a bill in 2009, making June 24 Canadian American Day in the state of Connecticut. The bill allows state officials to hold ceremonies at the capitol and other places each year to honor Americans of Canadian ancestry.
Aboriginal Canadian Americans
Some institutions in the United States focus on Canadian-American studies, including the Canadian-American Center at the University of Maine, the Center for Canadian American studies at Western Washington University, and the SUNY University at Buffalo Canadian-American Studies Committee.
- Category:American people of Canadian descent
- Canadians of American origin American-Canadians
- Canada–United States relations
- French Canadian
- Hyphenated American
- Little Canadas
- Quebec diaspora
- Mark Paul Richard, "From 'Canadien' to American: The Acculturation of French-Canadian Descendants in Lewiston, Maine, 1860 to the Present", PhD dissertation Duke U. 2002; Dissertation Abstracts International, 2002 62(10): 3540-A. DA3031009, 583p.
- "Veta: Good vocabulary - Accent training online - American Accent". veta.in.
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- Harvard encyclopedia of American ethnic groups,Stephan Thernstorm, Harvard College, 1980, p 392
- l’Actualité économique, Vol. 59, No 3, (september 1983): 423–453 and Yolande LAVOIE, L’Émigration des Québécois aux États-Unis de 1840 à 1930, Québec, Conseil de la langue française, 1979.
- This American Life Program No. 65 "Who's Canadian", Chicago Public Radio, Broadcast May 30, 1997, http://www.thisamericanlife.org/Radio_Episode.aspx?episode=65
- "c2kbr01-2.qxd" (PDF). Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Stewart, Alice R. (1987), "The Franco-Americans of Maine: A Historiographical Essay", Maine Historical Society Quarterly 26 (3): 160–179
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- Lori Rackl (September 27, 2009). "Walt Disney, the man behind the mouse". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on October 3, 2009. Retrieved 2010-10-21.
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- Michael Robert Patterson. "Rene Arthur Gagnon, Corporal, United States Marine Corps". Arlingtoncemetery.net. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
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- "Robert Goulet Biography (1933–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
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- "The Phil Hendrie Show Log – April 2000". Maglietta.org. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Shapiro, Harry; Glebbeek, Caesar (1990). Jimi Hendrix: Electric Gypsy. St. Martin's Press. pp. 8–9. ISBN 0-312-13062-7.
- "Jack Kerouac – bio and links". Beatmuseum.org. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Paul LePage". Ballotpedia. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Biography for Grace Metalious at the Internet Movie Database
- "Rudy Vallee". English.turkcebilgi.com. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Biography for Mark Wahlberg at the Internet Movie Database
- "Pamela Anderson became U.S. citizen". Moono.com. 2004-05-14. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- "Paul Anka". History-of-rock.com. July 30, 1941. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "Jim Carrey – Carrey Becomes An American Citizen – Contactmusic News". Contactmusic.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "Actress Saw Two Marriages Fail in 14 years". Calgary Daily Herald. August 11, 1934. p. 5. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
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- "Toronto News: Frank Gehry’s childhood home to be razed". Toronto Star. July 27, 2010. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Mashberg, Tom (1992-11-29). "As Clinton goes, so goes Phil Hartman". The Boston Globe.
- "SLAM! Sports – Wrestling – Chris Jericho". slam.canoe.ca. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
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- "Alanis Morissette – Singer-songwriter, guitarist, record producer, and actress. – Discography, biography, music, MP3s, credits, pictures & videos at SoundUnwound". Soundunwound.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "James Naismith". Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- "Mary Pickford born in Toronto – CBC Archives". Archives.cbc.ca. July 20, 1969. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Top 100
- Andrew Tobias. "Fire and Ice: The Story of Charles Revson – the Man Who Built the Revlon Empire, Chapter 2 – Separating Myth from Legend". Retrieved December 9, 2010.
- Jack Scott Biography by Bill Dahl
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- I Am 95 and Am Feeling All of 90
- Norwood, Stephen Harlan; Eunice G. Pollack (2008). Encyclopedia of American Jewish history, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 471. ISBN 1-85109-638-8.
- Hank Snow
- "Tara Strong Reddit AMA - February 2014". Interviewly. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
- Woo, Elaine (2015-09-19). "Daniel Thompson, Inventor Of The Bagel Machine, Dies". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2015-09-29.
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- Edmonton Sun, April 21, 2009
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- Canadian American Studies at WWU
- "Canadian American Studies Committee, University at Buffalo". buffalo.edu.
- Hamilton, Janice (2006). Canadians in America. Lerner. ISBN 0-8225-2681-6.
- Jeffrey Simpson (2000) Star-Spangled Canadians: Canadians Living the American Dream. HarperCollins ISBN 0-00-255767-3