0.33% of the American population)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Northeast • Midwest • Southwest • Southeast|
|English (American • Canadian)
• French (Acadian • Canadian • New England)
|Roman Catholicism • Protestantism • Other|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Americans, American Canadians, Canadians, French Americans, French Canadians, British Americans, English Canadians, British, French|
Canadian Americans are American citizens or nationals who were born in and/or largely grew up in Canada, but later moved into the United States. It can also be used to refer to American-born citizens who either have parents who immigrated from Canada or have significant Canadian ancestry and/or identity. The term is particularly apt when applied or self-applied to people with strong ties to Canada, such as those who have lived a significant portion of their lives or were educated in Canada, and then relocated to the United States. To others, especially for those living in New England or the Midwest, a Canadian-American is one whose ancestors came from Canada.
The term Canadian refers to some as nationality, and to others as ethnicity. English-speaking Canadian immigrants easily integrate and assimilate into American culture and society as a result of the cultural similarities and in the vocabulary and accent in spoken English. French-speaking Canadians, because of language, culture, and religion, tend to take longer to assimilate. However, by the 3rd generation, the assimilation is complete, and the Canadian identity is more or less folklore. This took place, even though half of the population of the province of Quebec emigrated to the US between 1840 and 1930. Many New England cities formed Little Canadas, but many of these have gradually disappeared.
This cultural "invisibility" within the larger U.S. population is seen as creating stronger affinity amongst Canadians living in the U.S. than might otherwise exist. According to U.S. Census estimates the number of Americans of Canadian ancestry was around 640,000 in 2000. Some sources have cited the number to possibly be over 1,000,000.
Canadians who travel to the U.S. to escape their colder winter are known as "snowbirds". They sometimes have residences in the Southern half of the U.S. (e.g. Florida, the Carolinas, Georgia, Southern Texas, Southern California, and Arizona).
Americans of Canadian descent
- Walter Chrysler (born 1875, d. 1940), automotive industry executive and founder of the Chrysler Corporation
- Marcus Chong (born 1967), actor and son of Tommy Chong
- Hillary Clinton (born 1947), politician and former U.S. Senator from New York/First Lady/U.S. Secretary of State
- Walt Disney (born 1901, d. 1966), animator
- Will Durant (born 1885, d. 1981), historian and philosopher
- Thomas Edison (born 1847, d. 1931), inventor
- Missy Franklin (born 1995), Olympic gold medal-winning swimmer
- Brendan Fraser (born 1968), film and stage actor
- Rene Gagnon (born 1925, d. 1979), U.S. Marine hero
- Robert Goulet (born 1933, d. 2007), singer and actor
- Mike Gravel (born 1930), politician and former U.S. Senator from Alaska (1969-1981)
- Matt Groening (born 1954), cartoonist, writer, producer, animator, voice actor, and creator of The Simpsons
- Gene Hackman (born 1930), retired actor and novelist
- Phil Hendrie (born 1952), radio personality and comedian
- Jimi Hendrix (born 1942, d. 1970), musician 
- Jack Kerouac (born 1922, d. 1969), poet and writer
- Paul LePage (born 1948), 74th Governor of Maine since 2011
- Joel McHale (born 1971), Italian-born comedian, actor, writer, television producer, and television host
- Grace Metalious (born 1924, d. 1964), author
- Rudy Vallée (born 1901, d. 1986), saxophone player
- Mark Wahlberg (born 1971), actor, and retired rapper
- Robin Thicke (born 1977), R&B singer-songwriter
Born in/lived in Canada, with American citizenship
- Pamela Anderson (born 1967), actress
- Paul Anka (born 1941), singer-songwriter and actor
- Dan Aykroyd (born 1952), actor, comedian, producer, and musician
- Justin Bieber (born 1994), singer-songwriter and actor
- Dayana Cadeau (born 1966), Haitian-born Canadian/American professional bodybuilder
- Jim Carrey (born 1962), comedian and actor
- Rae Dawn Chong (born 1961), actress and daughter of Tommy
- Tommy Chong (born 1938), comedian, actor, writer, director, activist, and musician
- Hayden Christensen (born 1981), actor and producer
- Kim Coates (born 1958), actor
- Laura Creavalle (born 1959), Guyanese-born Canadian/American female professional bodybuilder
- Rafael Bienvenido Cruz (born 1939), Cuban-born Canadian/American Christian preacher and public speaker; father of Ted
- Ted Cruz (born 1970), politician and U.S. Senator from Texas since 2013
- Marie Dressler (born 1868, d. 1934), actress
- Brent Fitz (born 1970), musician and multi-instrumentalist
- Michael Fougere (born 1956), politician and Mayor of Regina, Saskatchewan since 2012
- Michael J. Fox (born 1961), actor, author, producer, and advocate
- David Frum (born 1960), speechwriter and journalist
- Frank Gehry (born 1929), architect
- Drake (real name Aubrey Graham) (born 1986), rapper and actor
- Jennifer Granholm (born 1959), politician and former Governor of Michigan (2003-2011)
- Wayne Gretzky (born 1961), hockey player
- Bret Hart (born 1957), professional wrestler
- Owen Hart (born 1965, d. 1999), professional wrestler
- Phil Hartman (born 1948, d. 1998), actor, comedian, screenwriter, and graphic artist
- Chris Irvine (born 1970), professional wrestler known as Chris Jericho; lead singer of Fozzy
- Peter Jennings (born 1938, d. 2005), TV journalist and anchor for ABC
- Stana Katic (born 1978), actress
- Brittany Kennell (born 1987), singer and contestant from NBC's The Voice season 10
- Mario Lemieux (born 1965), retired ice hockey player and current owner of the Pittsburgh Penguins
- Guy Lombardo (born 1902, d. 1977), bandleader and violinist
- Sean Patrick Maloney (born 1966), politician and U.S. Representative from New York since 2013
- Louis B. Mayer (born 1884, d. 1957), film producer
- Eric McCormack (b. 1963), actor, comedian, singer, voice actor
- Burt Metcalfe (born 1935), television and film producer, director, and writer
- Alanis Morissette (born 1974), singer-songwriter
- Elon Musk (born 1971), South African-born Canadian/American businessman, investor, engineer, and inventor; founder of Tesla Motors
- Mike Myers (born 1963), actor, comedian, screenwriter, director, film producer, and voice of Shrek
- James Naismith (born 1861, d. 1939), inventor of basketball
- Catherine O'Hara (born 1954), actress, writer and comedian
- Mary Pickford, actress and film executive
- Jason Priestley (born 1969), actor and director
- Charles Revson (born 1906, d. 1975) cosmetics pioneer, founder of Revlon
- Jack Scott (born 1936), singer and songwriter
- Mack Sennett (born 1880, d. 1960), film director
- Patrick Sharp (born 1981), ice hockey player
- William Shatner (born 1931), actor, musician, singer, author, film director, spokesman and comedian
- George Beverly Shea (born 1909, d. 2013), gospel music singer-songwriter
- Martin Short (born 1950), actor, comedian, singer, voice actor
- Joe Shuster (born 1914, d. 1992), comic book artist, co-creator of Superman
- Hank Snow (born 1914, d. 1999), country music singer-songwriter
- Paul Stastny (born 1985), ice hockey player
- Tara Strong (born 1973), voice actress for various film and television series
- Daniel Thompson (born 1921, d. 2015), inventor of the automatic bagel maker and the folding ping pong table
- Alan Thicke (born 1947), actor, songwriter, game/talk show host, and father of Robin Thicke
- Alex Trebek (born 1940), host of the syndicated game show Jeopardy!
- Jack L. Warner (born 1892, d. 1978), film executive
American cities founded by or named after Canadians
- Biloxi, founded by Pierre LeMoyne d'Iberville
- Bourbonnais, named after François Bourbonnais
- Chandler, founded by Dr. Alexander J. (A.J.) Chandler
- Dubuque, founded by and named after Julien Dubuque
- Juneau, named after Joe Juneau
- Milwaukee, founded by Solomon Juneau
- Mobile, founded by Pierre LeMoyne d'Iberville
- New Orleans, founded by Lemoyne de Bienville
- Ontario, founded by George Chaffey
- Saint Paul, first settled by Pierre Parrant
- Vincennes, founded by François-Marie Bissot
Canadian American Day
The Connecticut State Senate unanimously passed a bill in 2009, making June 24 Canadian American Day in the state of Connecticut. The bill allows state officials to hold ceremonies at the capitol and other places each year to honor Americans of Canadian ancestry.
Aboriginal Canadian Americans
Some institutions in the United States focus on Canadian-American studies, including the Canadian-American Center at the University of Maine, the Center for Canadian American studies at Western Washington University, and the SUNY University at Buffalo Canadian-American Studies Committee.
- Category:American people of Canadian descent
- Canadians of American origin American-Canadians
- Canada–United States relations
- French Canadians
- Hyphenated American
- Little Canadas
- Quebec diaspora
- Mark Paul Richard, "From 'Canadien' to American: The Acculturation of French-Canadian Descendants in Lewiston, Maine, 1860 to the Present", PhD dissertation Duke U. 2002; Dissertation Abstracts International, 2002 62(10): 3540-A. DA3031009, 583p.
- "Veta: Good vocabulary - Accent training online - American Accent". veta.in.
- l’Actualité économique, Vol. 59, No 3, (september 1983): 423-453 and Yolande LAVOIE, L’Émigration des Québécois aux États-Unis de 1840 à 1930, Québec, Conseil de la langue française, 1979.
- Harvard encyclopedia of American ethnic groups,Stephan Thernstorm, Harvard College, 1980, p 392
- l’Actualité économique, Vol. 59, No 3, (september 1983): 423–453 and Yolande LAVOIE, L’Émigration des Québécois aux États-Unis de 1840 à 1930, Québec, Conseil de la langue française, 1979.
- "Program No. 65 "Who's Canadian"". This American Life. Chicago Public Radio. May 30, 1997.
- "c2kbr01-2.qxd" (PDF). Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Stewart, Alice R. (1987), "The Franco-Americans of Maine: A Historiographical Essay", Maine Historical Society Quarterly, 26 (3): 160–179
- "Snowbird RV Parks". Rvthereyet.cc. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Lori Rackl (September 27, 2009). "Walt Disney, the man behind the mouse". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on October 3, 2009. Retrieved 2010-10-21.
- "Will Durant Online: The Gentle Philosopher". Willdurant.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- Crouse, Karen (2010-08-17). "Aiming for the Top, via the Slow Lane". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2010-08-19. Retrieved 2010-08-19.
- "2006 Inductees – Brendan Fraser". Canada's Walk of Fame. 2006. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- Michael Robert Patterson. "Rene Arthur Gagnon, Corporal, United States Marine Corps". Arlingtoncemetery.net. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- "Ancestry of Frances Ether Gumm ('Judy Garland')". genealogy.com.
- "Robert Goulet Biography (1933–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- "Ancestry of Mike Gravel". wargs.com.
- "The Phil Hendrie Show Log – April 2000". Maglietta.org. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Shapiro, Harry; Glebbeek, Caesar (1990). Jimi Hendrix: Electric Gypsy. St. Martin's Press. pp. 8–9. ISBN 0-312-13062-7.
- "Jack Kerouac – bio and links". Beatmuseum.org. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Paul LePage". Ballotpedia. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Biography for Grace Metalious at the Internet Movie Database
- "Rudy Vallee". English.turkcebilgi.com. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Biography for Mark Wahlberg at the Internet Movie Database
- "Pamela Anderson became U.S. citizen". Moono.com. 2004-05-14. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- "Paul Anka". History-of-rock.com. July 30, 1941. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "Jim Carrey – Carrey Becomes An American Citizen – Contactmusic News". Contactmusic.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "Actress Saw Two Marriages Fail in 14 years". Calgary Daily Herald. August 11, 1934. p. 5. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Solomon, Deborah (January 6, 2008). "Questions for David Frum, Right Hand Man". New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2010.
- "Toronto News: Frank Gehry's childhood home to be razed". Toronto Star. July 27, 2010. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Martha Hart; Eric Francis (2004). Broken Harts: The Life and Death of Owen Hart. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 84. ISBN 978-1-59077-036-8.
- "An open letter to Shawn Michaels". Slam Wrestling. May 17, 1997.
- Martha Hart; Eric Francis (2004). Broken Harts: The Life and Death of Owen Hart. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 84. ISBN 978-1-59077-036-8.
- Mashberg, Tom (1992-11-29). "As Clinton goes, so goes Phil Hartman". The Boston Globe.
- "SLAM! Sports – Wrestling – Chris Jericho". slam.canoe.ca. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
- Beverly Fink Cline (1979). The Lombardo Story. Musson Book Co.
- "Canada's Walk of Fame celebrating Inductee Louis B. Mayer". Canadaswalkoffame.com. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- "Alanis Morissette – Singer-songwriter, guitarist, record producer, and actress. – Discography, biography, music, MP3s, credits, pictures & videos at SoundUnwound". Soundunwound.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "James Naismith". Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- "Mary Pickford born in Toronto – CBC Archives". Archives.cbc.ca. July 20, 1969. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Top 100
- Andrew Tobias. "Fire and Ice: The Story of Charles Revson – the Man Who Built the Revlon Empire, Chapter 2 – Separating Myth from Legend". Retrieved December 9, 2010.
- Jack Scott Biography by Bill Dahl
- "Give Citizenship to Mack Sennett". Retrieved April 23, 2010.
- I Am 95 and Am Feeling All of 90
- Norwood, Stephen Harlan; Eunice G. Pollack (2008). Encyclopedia of American Jewish history, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 471. ISBN 1-85109-638-8.
- "Hank Snow". canadianmusichalloffame.ca.
- "Tara Strong Reddit AMA - February 2014". Interviewly. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
- Woo, Elaine (2015-09-19). "Daniel Thompson, Inventor Of The Bagel Machine, Dies". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2015-09-29.
- "Jack Warner | Hollywood Walk of Fame". Walkoffame.com. February 8, 1960. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- "Chandler, Alexander J. (A.J.)". ChandlerpediA. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
- Edmonton Sun, April 21, 2009
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- Canadian American Studies at WWU
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- Jeffrey Simpson (2000) Star-Spangled Canadians: Canadians Living the American Dream. HarperCollins ISBN 0-00-255767-3