|Number of teams||14|
|Current champions||Vancouver Whitecaps FC (2nd title)|
|Most successful club(s)||Toronto FC (8 titles)|
|2023 Canadian Championship|
The Canadian Championship (French: Championnat canadien) is an annual soccer tournament contested by Canadian professional teams. The winner is awarded the Voyageurs Cup and a berth in CONCACAF Champions League. It is contested by Major League Soccer sides Toronto FC, Vancouver Whitecaps FC, and CF Montréal, eight Canadian Premier League sides, and the champions of League1 Ontario, League1 British Columbia, and Ligue1 Québec. The tournament is organized by the Canadian Soccer Association and has been broadcast on OneSoccer since 2019.
The Canadian Championship is a domestic cup competition organized by the Canadian Soccer Association. The championship determines one of Canada's entries in the annual CONCACAF Champions League. Until the creation of the Canadian Premier League in 2019, all fully professional Canadian soccer teams played in United States-based leagues. Prior to the creation of the official competition in 2008, there was no domestic competition to determine the best Canadian professional team (as Canada Soccer's Challenge Trophy only crowned the best amateur team). Though a notable attempt was conducted by the Canadian Soccer League through the Open Canada Cup, which ultimately managed to attract professional and amateur clubs from British Columbia, Ontario, and Quebec. The tournament was dissolved in 2008 after the creation of the Canadian Championship.
An unofficial Canadian Champion determined in the same manner as 2008–2010, a home-and-away series with the games taken from USL First Division (USL-1) regular season league games, was awarded by the Canadian national teams' supporters group, The Voyageurs. This unofficial Canadian Championship became less legitimate when Toronto was awarded a Major League Soccer (MLS) franchise to start play in 2007 in the USSF Division 1 MLS league above the USSF Division 2 USL-1 league. Toronto's USL-1 team self relegated, while the other two Canadian professional soccer teams did not play meaningful games against the new MLS team in 2007.
For the 2008–09 season, CONCACAF changed their eight team FIFA Club World Cup qualification tournament from a two-legged aggregate goals knockout elimination format, named the CONCACAF Champions Cup, to a format mirroring the UEFA Champions League with a play-in round, a group stage, and lastly a two-leg aggregate score knockout format for the final rounds. The format change for the 2008–09 CONCACAF Champions League provided the opportunity to expand the number of qualifying teams from different countries, and Canada was awarded a single entry in the play-in round preceding the group stage. The year 2008 was the first time a Canadian entry had been awarded by CONCACAF since 1992, and the first time a Canadian team participated since 1976. To award the new Canadian entry, the CSA created a new competition consisting of a home-and-away round-robin series between the three fully professional Canadian teams: Montreal Impact, Toronto FC and the Vancouver Whitecaps. The 2008 Canadian Championship was contested between May and July 2008 and won by the Montreal Impact. As the Canadian champions, Montreal qualified for the 2008–09 CONCACAF Champions League.
The 2009 Canadian Championship's format and participants were the same, contested by the three clubs in May and June 2009. It was closely contended by Toronto and Vancouver and won by the former via goal differential in the tournament's final game against the defending champions, Montreal, giving the Toronto franchise its first ever trophy and a spot in the qualifying round of the 2009–10 CONCACAF Champions League. Toronto repeated as champions in the 2010 competition, qualifying for the 2010–11 CONCACAF Champions League. Toronto won it for the fourth consecutive season in the 2012 competition.
In 2011, with the start of a fourth fully professional Canadian soccer team, FC Edmonton, the competition was changed from the home-and-away round robin series to a double-leg aggregate score knockout cup format with the two MLS teams seeded first and second, and NASL teams seeded third and fourth based on league standings of the previous year and the USSF tiering of Division 1 and Division 2. This format mitigated competitive concerns regarding already eliminated teams and the number of additional (extra to their regular league) games each team would be required to play during a season.
On June 6, 2016, Canadian Soccer Association general secretary Peter Montopoli told TSN that plans were well under way to expand the tournament to include an access point for any team in Canada. He said that he expected the expansion to take place for 2017. His statement seemed to confirm other reports saying similar.[better source needed] On March 9, 2017, Canada Soccer Association announced that from the 2018 edition the winners of the League1 Ontario and Première ligue de soccer du Québec would compete.
In January 2019, a new five-round format was announced to include the seven teams of the newly formed Canadian Premier League, bringing the total number of teams competing to 13. In 2020, with the dissolution of Ottawa Fury FC, a modified four-round tournament was announced featuring 12 teams, the first contraction in the competition's history. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2020 edition was instead held between two teams qualified through league play, with the top Canadian MLS team meeting the CPL winners.
Beginning in 2023, the league winner of League1 British Columbia will join the tournament as a competitor. They will be joined by new Canadian Premier League club, Vancouver FC.
The winners of the Canadian Championship are awarded the Voyageurs Cup. From 1993 to 2007, there was no domestic competition open to top-tier Canadian professional clubs. From 2002 to 2006, the USL First Division was the highest level in which Canadian men's soccer teams competed. The Voyageurs, a supporters' group, developed a method of tracking league results between Canadian clubs to determine a professional Canadian champion.
With the introduction of the Canadian Championship as a separate competition. the Voyageurs donated the cup to the Canadian Soccer Association to award to the winners. The trophy is still awarded by a Voyageurs member to the current winning club.
From 2008 to 2010, the tournament consisted of the three professional teams in Canada in a home-and-away series with the top team winning entry into the qualifying stage of the CONCACAF Champions League. These teams competed in the two top US-based professional soccer leagues, which in 2010 was Major League Soccer and the temporary USSF Division 2 Professional League. In 2011, the North American Soccer League received sanctioning as the USSF's new second-division league.
When FC Edmonton joined the NASL in 2011, the tournament was expanded to include all four professional clubs in the country. The tournament consisted of two-legged semifinals and a two-legged final. In the first semifinal of 2011, Toronto, as reigning champions, was assigned the first-place seed and played Edmonton, which was assigned the fourth seed as newcomers to the tournament. The two remaining teams, Montreal and Vancouver, faced off in the other semifinal. This was to be followed by a one-game final to be hosted by the highest remaining seed; but the Canadian Soccer Association decided to go with a two-legged final instead. The format was repeated in subsequent years with the previous year's league placement being used to seed the teams.
Starting with the 2014 competition, due to the introduction of the Ottawa Fury FC to the NASL, the two Canadian NASL teams played in a play-off quarter final to determine which team made it to the semifinals, in which the MLS teams were introduced.
Due to scheduling conflicts with the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, the 2015 edition was held during April, May, and August but did not provide a competitor for the 2015–16 CONCACAF Champions League; instead the best-placed Canadian Major League Soccer team in the 2014 regular season was the country's representative. The Whitecaps qualified for the championship on October 19, 2014. The winner of the 2015 Canadian Championship qualified for the 2016–17 CONCACAF Champions League instead and starting in 2016, the competition will be held in June and July.
Since 2017, competition regulations state that each team must field a minimum of three Canadian starters for each match.
In 2018, following the suspension of operations at FC Edmonton, the format of the Championship was amended once more to allow for the admission of two clubs from the Division 3 provincial leagues: League1 Ontario and Première ligue de soccer du Québec. The two provincial champions meet in a first qualifying round, with the winner progressing to meet the sole Canadian USL team (not including Toronto FC II, which is a department of the MLS side Toronto FC), Ottawa Fury FC in a second qualifying round. The winner of this match joins the three Canadian MLS teams in the semifinals. A.S. Blainville and Oakville Blue Devils qualified to represent the Quebec and Ontario leagues respectively in 2018.
The 2019 Canadian Championship was the first to feature teams from the newly created Canadian Premier League. With 13 teams competing, the competition was expanded to include three qualifying rounds along with the semifinals and finals. The first qualifying round begins with six teams, with three new teams entering each round until the semifinals where the previous year's champion enters. All rounds are two-legged match ups.
Since 2021, the tournament has had four rounds consisting of single leg ties. First round matchups have been determined geographically (i.e. east and west) and byes have been awarded to the previous year's tournament finalists.
- Permanent Canadian Championship clubs
|Atlético Ottawa||Ottawa, Ontario||Canadian Premier League||2021–present|
|Cavalry FC||Calgary, Alberta||Canadian Premier League||2019|
|Forge FC||Hamilton, Ontario||Canadian Premier League||2019–present|
|HFX Wanderers||Halifax, Nova Scotia||Canadian Premier League||2019|
|CF Montréal||Montreal, Quebec||Major League Soccer||2012–2019|
|Pacific FC||Langford, British Columbia||Canadian Premier League||2019|
|Toronto FC||Toronto, Ontario||Major League Soccer||2008–present|
|Valour FC||Winnipeg, Manitoba||Canadian Premier League||2019|
|Vancouver FC||Langley, British Columbia||Canadian Premier League||2023–present|
|Vancouver Whitecaps FC||Vancouver, British Columbia||Major League Soccer||2011–2019|
|York United FC||Toronto, Ontario||Canadian Premier League||2019|
- 2023 qualifiers for the Canadian Championship
|FC Laval||Laval, Quebec||Ligue1 Québec||2023|
|TSS Rovers FC||Burnaby, British Columbia||League1 British Columbia||2023|
|Vaughan Azzurri||Vaughan, Ontario||League1 Ontario||2019, 2023|
- Clubs that have previously participated
|A.S. Blainville||Blainville, Quebec||Ligue1 Québec||2018, 2019, 2021|
|FC Edmonton||Edmonton, Alberta||North American Soccer League, Canadian Premier League||2011–2017,|
|Guelph United F.C.||Guelph, Ontario||League1 Ontario||2022|
|Master's FA||Toronto, Ontario||League1 Ontario||2021|
|CS Mont-Royal Outremont||Mount Royal, Quebec||Ligue1 Québec||2022|
|Montreal Impact||Montreal, Quebec||USL First Division, USSF Division 2, North American Soccer League||2008–2011|
|Oakville Blue Devils||Oakville, Ontario||League1 Ontario||2018|
|Ottawa Fury FC||Ottawa, Ontario||North American Soccer League, USL Championship||2014–2019|
|Vancouver Whitecaps||Vancouver, British Columbia||USL First Division, USSF Division 2||2008–2010|
|2008||Montreal Impact||Toronto FC||3||Home and away |
|2009||Toronto FC||Vancouver Whitecaps|
|2010||Toronto FC||Vancouver Whitecaps|
|2011||Toronto FC||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||4||Two-legged knock-out|
|2012||Toronto FC||Vancouver Whitecaps FC|
|2013||Montreal Impact||Vancouver Whitecaps FC|
|2014||Montreal Impact||Toronto FC||5|
|2015||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||Montreal Impact|
|2016||Toronto FC||Vancouver Whitecaps FC|
|2017||Toronto FC||Montreal Impact|
|2018||Toronto FC||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||6|
|2019||Montreal Impact||Toronto FC||13|
|2020||Toronto FC||Forge FC||2[a]||Single match|
|2021||CF Montréal||Toronto FC||13||Single-leg knock-out|
|2022||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||Toronto FC|
- ^ Originally scheduled as a 12-team, two-legged knockout tournament, the 2020 edition was reduced in scope and delayed until 2022 due to the COVID-19 pandemic
|1||Toronto FC||8||5||2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2020||15|
|2||CF Montréal||5||2||2008, 2013, 2014, 2019, 2021||14|
|3||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||2||7||2015, 2022||14|
- As of May 24, 2023
|2||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||49||20||16||13||69||54||+15||76|
|8||York United FC||13||4||4||5||17||18||−1||16|
|13||TSS FC Rovers||2||1||0||1||3||3||0||3|
|17||Oakville Blue Devils||2||0||0||2||1||3||−2||0|
|Guelph United F.C.||1||0||0||1||0||2||−2||0|
|CS Mont-Royal Outremont||1||0||0||1||0||2||−2||0|
- Statistics for Vancouver Whitecaps FC include the original Vancouver Whitecaps who took part in the tournament in the first three editions from 2008 through 2010. This team ceased operations in 2011 and was replaced by a new MLS franchise of the same name and ownership.
- In 2012 the Montreal Impact of MLS replaced the former Montreal Impact of the NASL in the Canadian Championship. Statistics include data from both iterations of the Impact. They re-branded as CF Montreal in 2021.
George Gross Memorial Trophy
The George Gross Memorial Trophy was created by the Canadian Soccer Association in 2008 to recognize each tournament's most valuable player. The Trophy was named after the late George Gross, a former soccer administrator and a respected journalist.
|2008||Matt Jordan||Goalkeeper||United States||Montreal Impact|
|2009||Dwayne De Rosario||Midfielder||Canada||Toronto FC|
|2010||Dwayne De Rosario||Midfielder||Canada||Toronto FC|
|2011||Joao Plata||Forward||Ecuador||Toronto FC|
|2012||Ryan Johnson||Forward||Jamaica||Toronto FC|
|2013||Justin Mapp||Midfielder||United States||Montreal Impact|
|2014||Justin Mapp||Midfielder||United States||Montreal Impact|
|2015||Russell Teibert||Midfielder||Canada||Vancouver Whitecaps FC|
|2016||Benoît Cheyrou||Midfielder||France||Toronto FC|
|2017||Sebastian Giovinco||Forward||Italy||Toronto FC|
|2018||Jonathan Osorio||Midfielder||Canada||Toronto FC|
|2019||Ignacio Piatti||Forward||Argentina||Montreal Impact|
|2021||Sebastian Breza||Goalkeeper||Canada||CF Montréal|
|2022||Ryan Gauld||Midfielder||Scotland||Vancouver Whitecaps FC|
- ^ Although the trophy wasn't awarded at the conclusion of the 2020 Canadian Championship, Canada Soccer named Forge FC's Tristan Borges the performer of the match of the final, the only match played in that year's tournament.
Best Young Canadian Player award
The Best Young Canadian Player award was created by the Canadian Soccer Association in 2019 to recognize each tournament's best Canadian under-21 player.
|2019||Zachary Brault-Guillard||Defender||Montreal Impact|
|2021||Jacob Shaffelburg||Forward||Toronto FC|
|2022||Ryan Raposo||Forward||Vancouver Whitecaps FC|
Top Scorer of the Canadian Championship
The Top Scorer of the Canadian Championship is the player who scores the most goals during the competition. In case two or more players are tied, the first tiebreaker is most assists and the second tiebreaker is fewest minutes played.
|2008||Roberto Brown||Panama||Montreal Impact||2 goals (0 assists, 157 minutes)|
|2009||Dwayne De Rosario||Canada||Toronto FC||3 goals|
|2010||Dwayne De Rosario||Canada||Toronto FC||1 goal (1 assist)|
|2011||Maicon Santos||Brazil||Toronto FC||3 goals|
|2012||Sebastien Le Toux||France||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||2 goals (0 assists, 168 minutes)|
|2013||Camilo Sanvezzo||Brazil||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||3 goals|
|2014||Jack McInerney||United States||Montreal Impact||3 goals|
|2015||Tomi Ameobi||England||FC Edmonton||4 goals|
|2016||Jordan Hamilton||Canada||Toronto FC||2 goals (1 assist)|
|2017||Sebastian Giovinco||Italy||Toronto FC||3 goals|
|2018||Jonathan Osorio||Canada||Toronto FC||3 goals (1 assist)|
|2019||Ignacio Piatti||Argentina||Montreal Impact||4 goals|
|2020||Tristan Borges||Canada||Forge FC||1 goal (0 assists, 67 minutes)|
|2021||Austin Ricci||Canada||Valour FC||3 goals|
|2022||Sunusi Ibrahim||Nigeria||CF Montréal||3 goals (0 assists, 62 minutes)|
- As of July 26, 2022
|1||Russell Teibert||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||Canada||29|
|2||Jonathan Osorio||Toronto FC||Canada||28|
|3||Ashtone Morgan||Toronto FC, Forge FC||Canada||21|
|4||Justin Morrow||Toronto FC||United States||20|
|5||Eddie Edward||FC Edmonton, Ottawa Fury||Canada||18|
|6||Michael Bradley||Toronto FC||United States||17|
|7||Patrice Bernier||Montreal Impact||Canada||16|
|Doneil Henry||Toronto FC, Vancouver Whitecaps FC||Canada|
|9||Jay Nolly||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||United States||15|
- As of May 25, 2023
|1||Jonathan Osorio||Toronto FC||Canada||7|
|2||Jozy Altidore||Toronto FC||United States||6|
|Sebastian Giovinco||Toronto FC||Italy|
|Ignacio Piatti||Montreal Impact||Argentina|
|5||Tomi Ameobi||FC Edmonton||England||5|
|Sunusi Ibrahim||CF Montreal||Nigeria|
|7||Camilo||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||Brazil||4|
|Dwayne De Rosario||Toronto FC||Canada|
|Daryl Fordyce||FC Edmonton||Northern Ireland|
|Jack McInerney||Montreal Impact||United States|
|Pedro Morales||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||Chile|
Bolded players are still active players with a Canadian team.
Top goalscorers by season
|2008||Roberto Brown||Montreal Impact||Panama||2|
|Rohan Ricketts||Toronto FC||England|
|Eduardo Sebrango||Vancouver Whitecaps||Cuba|
|2009||Dwayne De Rosario||Toronto FC||Canada||3|
|2010||Chad Barrett||Toronto FC||United States||1|
|Philippe Billy||Montreal Impact||France|
|Peter Byers||Montreal Impact||Antigua and Barbuda|
|Dwayne De Rosario||Toronto FC||Canada|
|Marcus Haber||Vancouver Whitecaps||Canada|
|Ty Harden||Toronto FC||United States|
|Ansu Toure||Vancouver Whitecaps||Liberia|
|2011||Maicon Santos||Toronto FC||Brazil||3|
|2012||Eric Hassli||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||France||2|
|Ryan Johnson||Toronto FC||Jamaica|
|Reggie Lambe||Toronto FC||Bermuda|
|Sébastien Le Toux||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||France|
|2013||Camilo||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||Brazil||3|
|2014||Jack McInerney||Montreal Impact||United States||3|
|2015||Tomi Ameobi||FC Edmonton||England||4|
|2016||Jonathan Osorio||Toronto FC||Canada||2|
|Jordan Hamilton||Toronto FC||Canada|
|Nicolás Mezquida||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||Uruguay|
|2017||Sebastian Giovinco||Toronto FC||Italy||3|
|2018||Jonathan Osorio||Toronto FC||Canada||3|
|Jozy Altidore||Toronto FC||United States|
|Kei Kamara||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||Sierra Leone|
|2019||Ignacio Piatti||Montreal Impact||Argentina||4|
|2020||Tristan Borges||Forge FC||Canada||1|
|Alejandro Pozuelo||Toronto FC||Spain|
|2021||Austin Ricci||Valour FC||Canada||3|
|2022||Myer Bevan||Cavalry FC||New Zealand||3|
|Sunusi Ibrahim||CF Montréal||Nigeria|
|Brian White||Vancouver Whitecaps FC||United States|
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