Canadian Forestry Corps
|Canadian Forestry Corps|
|Active||14 November 1916 – 1920; 1940–1945|
|Branch||(Canadian Army) Permanent Active Militia|
|Motto(s)||Labor omnia vincit - Work Conquers all|
The Canadian Forestry Corps was created 14 Nov 1916. The badge of the Canadian Forestry Corps consists of a circle, with a beaver on top, superimposed on a pair of crossed axes, with the text "Canadian Forestry Corps" around the edge. At the centre of the circle is a maple leaf with the Imperial State Crown. Their nickname was the "Sawdust Fusiliers".
The Canadian Forestry Corps was disbanded in 1920. It was reformed in 1940 then disbanded again in 1945.
First World War
The Forestry Corps was created during the First World War when it was discovered that huge quantities of wood were needed for use on the Western Front. Duckboards, shoring timbers, crates—anything that needed wood had to be provided. The British government concluded that there was nobody more experienced or qualified in the British Empire to harvest timber than the Canadians. At first the idea was to harvest the trees from Canada's abundant forests and bring them overseas. But space aboard merchant ships was at a premium, so rather than stuff ships' holds with timber, it was decided to use the Canadians over in Europe, cutting down forests in the UK and France.
Several regiments originally slated for the front lines became military lumberjack units instead. Canadian troops with their coniferous-tree cap badges identifying them as the Canadian Forestry Corps cut trees in forests in England, Scotland and France, where the timber was squared, sawed and transported. The CFC also built aerodromes in France for the ever-burgeoning Royal Flying Corps.
Altogether, some 35,000 Canadians served in the Forestry Corps—which eventually was composed of dozens of companies (each composed of several hundred workers). Although individual troops in emergency situations were sent to fight on the front lines the CFC usually served well back of the fighting. Occasionally, Forestry Corps units were employed as labour units for the Canadian Corps on the front lines with duties such as stockpiling artillery ammunition, assisting in the quick construction of rail and road systems in the wake of attacking troops, or in helping to evacuate the wounded.
Towards the final two years of the war, more and more Canadian soldiers volunteered for the Forestry Corps, as it was viewed by many as a way to serve the country without facing the German Army in direct conflict. Many members were also underaged volunteers—who had lied about their age to be accepted for overseas service, but were strongly suspected to be under the age of 19 and not legally allowed to service in combat. The Corps was not without casualties however, accidents like those which would occur in a forestry camp in Canada were not uncommon: power saws, machinery and transport all took lives. Additionally, particularly during the last 100 days of the War, the Forestry Corps was repeatedly combed for volunteers for transfer into the infantry.
War artist Alfred Munnings was invited by the Corps to tour work camps, and he produced drawings, watercolors and paintings, including Draft Horses, Lumber Mill in the Forest of Dreux in France in 1918. This painting, amongst others, was amongst the forty-five canvasses which were shown at the "Canadian War Records Exhibition" at the Royal Academy after war's end.
Black Canadians and their contributions to CEF
The segregated battalion was tasked with non-combat support roles. After initial service in Canada, the battalion boarded the SS Southland bound for Liverpool, England in March 1917. Its members were sent to eastern France later in 1917 where they served honourably with the Canadian Forestry Corps. 11
Second World War
The disbanded Forestry Corps was reinstated for service in the Second World War.
Canadian National War Memorial
The Canadian National War Memorial in Ottawa has a statue figure of a member of the Canadian Forestry Corps upon it near the back of the memorial. The CFC is largely forgotten today but played an important role in the eventual Allied victory in World War I.
Newfoundland did not join Canada until 1949 but was at the time a separate Dominion of the British Empire and had its own wartime forestry unit. During World War I the Newfoundland Forestry Battalion was formed on Apr 2 1917, comprising about 500 men. During World War II a unit was formed known as the Newfoundland Overseas Forestry Unit (or NOFU) with about 3,680 men. Many Newfoundlanders stationed in Scotland in the NOFU worked on their education to be eligible for enlistment in the Royal Air Force and Royal Navy.
- "Canadian_Forestry_Corps". Archived from the original on August 19, 2007. Retrieved 2014-05-22.
- Reid, Mark Collin (2017). "Timber!". Canada's History. 97 (5): 20–23. ISSN 1920-9894.
- The Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army (Queen's Printer, 1964)
- Sir Alfred Munnings. "Draft Horses, Lumber Mill in the Forest of Dreux". Leicester Galleries. Retrieved 2014-05-22.
- "Sir Alfred Munnings - The Artist". Munnings Museum. Archived from the original on 2014-06-23. Retrieved 2014-05-22.
- Newfoundland Forestry Corp WWI
- Pike family Guelph, Ontario (June 16, 2007). "Newfoundland Overseas Forestry Unit in Scotland 1939-1945 WWII". Retrieved September 6, 2016.
- Wonders, William C. (1991) The "Sawdust Fusiliers": The Canadian Forestry Corps in the Scottish Highlands in World War Two. Montreal: Canadian Pulp and Paper Association. ISBN 978-1-895288-14-8; OCLC 24739031
- Bird, Rev. C. W. 'The Canadian Forestry Corps; its Inception, Development and Achievements', London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1919. Prepared by request of Sir Albert H. Stanley. By C.W. Bird and J.B. Davies (1919)