Canadian Heritage Rivers System
The Canadian Heritage Rivers System (CHRS) (French: Le réseau de rivières du patrimoine canadien) is a joint program administered by the federal, provincial and territorial governments to conserve and protect the best examples of Canada's river heritage, to give them national recognition, and to encourage the public to enjoy and appreciate them. It is a cooperative program of the governments of Canada, nine provinces, and the three territories. A 14-member national board, created under the Parks Canada Agency Act, administers the program and approves the designation of specific rivers.
By 1996 there were 29 designated rivers.
The rivers currently designated as a Canadian Heritage River are:
|Arctic Red River||Northwest Territories||1993|
|Bay du Nord River||Newfoundland||2006|
|Bonnet Plume River||Yukon||1998|
|Cowichan River||British Columbia||2003|
|Fraser River||British Columbia||1998|
|Hillsborough River||Prince Edward Island||1997|
|Kicking Horse River||Alberta/British Columbia||1989|
|Margaree River||Nova Scotia||1998|
|North Saskatchewan River||Alberta/British Columbia||1989|
|Saint John River||New Brunswick||2013|
|Shelburne River||Nova Scotia||1997|
|South Nahanni River||Northwest Territories||1987|
|St. Croix River||New Brunswick||1991|
|St. Marys River||Ontario||2000|
|The Three Rivers||Prince Edward Island||2004|
|Upper Restigouche River||New Brunswick||1998|
|Yukon River (The Thirty Mile Section)||Yukon||1991|
|Adams River||British Columbia||2008|
Quebec is the only province or territory to not have a designated or nominated river. The province withdrew its participation in the Canadian Heritage Rivers System in 2006.
Quebec's lack of participation affects nominations and designations for rivers shared with other provinces. In 1998, the New Brunswick portion of the Restigouche River was designated (as "Upper Restigouche"), while the Quebec portion was not. The Ottawa River was nominated in 2007 and designated in 2016, but only the Ontario portion of the river was included. The federal government says it's working with Quebec "to establish recognition of the heritage value of Quebec’s stretch of the Outaouais River".
- American Heritage Rivers, America's counterpart to the Canadian Heritage Rivers System
- John S. Marsh; Bruce W. Hodgins (15 May 1998). Changing Parks: The History, Future and Cultural Context of Parks and Heritage Landscapes. Dundurn. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-55488-130-7.
- Jeffrey A. McNeely (1 November 1995). Expanding Partnerships in Conservation. Island Press. p. 239. ISBN 978-1-59726-907-0.
- Max Finkelstein (21 March 2005). Canoeing a Continent: On the Trail of Alexander Mackenzie. Dundurn. p. 275. ISBN 978-1-77070-634-7.
- Protected Areas of the World: Nearctic and neotropical. IUCN. 1992. p. 36. ISBN 978-2-8317-0093-9.
- "Canadian Heritage Rivers System". The Canadian Encyclopedia
- About the Canadian Heritage Rivers System on The Canadian Heritage Rivers System
- Ottawa River Designated a Canadian Heritage River, Parks Canada news release, July 28, 2016