Canadian Hurricane Centre
|Headquarters||Dartmouth, Nova Scotia|
The Canadian Hurricane Centre (CHC) is a division of the Meteorological Service of Canada, an agency of Canada's Department of the Environment, which exists to advise Canadians on the threat of tropical cyclones such as hurricanes and tropical storms. Founded in 1986, CHC serves to provide guidance to MSC's weather centres in eastern and Atlantic Canada, and is based in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia. CHC frequently consults with its United States counterpart, the National Hurricane Center in Miami, to coordinate the tracks and positions of all storms that pose a threat to Canada.
It was Hurricane Gloria and its less-than-expected damage which prompted Environment Canada to create the CHC. Its first hurricane warnings were issued in 2008 for Hurricane Kyle, which struck near Yarmouth, Nova Scotia on September 28, 2008, and quickly became extratropical while maintaining much of its strength into New Brunswick and Labrador.
The organization gathers information on tropical and post-tropical cyclones (systems in the process of becoming extratropical cyclones), predicts their evolution, and assesses their potential impact on Canada. Their area of responsibility is bound by the Canada-United States border and extends into waters offshore Canada to 200 nautical miles (370 km). Like other hurricane centers, the Canadian Hurricane Centre makes presentations about tropical cyclones to schools, businesses, the media, and other governmental agencies. They also coordinate with the public concerning addition queries about hurricanes in Canada.
While hurricanes are relatively uncommon in Canada, they do approach or strike from time to time. Recent occurrences include:
- Hurricane Bob, which struck Campobello Island, New Brunswick, in 1991.
- Hurricane Luis which struck Newfoundland and Labrador in September 1995.
- Hurricane Hortense which struck Nova Scotia in September 1996.
- Hurricane Michael, which struck Newfoundland in October 2000.
- Hurricane Juan, which struck Nova Scotia in September 2003.
- Hurricane Igor, which struck Newfoundland in September 2010.